Abbey from Ambronay

Although much less ancient than St Rambert, the Abbey of Ambronay dates yet in the first years of the 9th century; It is contemporary of Charlemagne. Land that religious possessed around the monastery, and which extended from Pont-D'ain to Ambérieu, fell within the Emperor; It was the lordship of Loyettes, occupying any point formed between the Rhone and the River Ain (society the Bugey 1909). The

Department of Ain in the empire of Charlemagne

  • Roman monuments discovered in Ambronay.
  • Barnard, founder of the Abbey of this city.
  • Historical record on this founder, according to Guichenon, the Bollandists, the father works and M. Depery, Bishop of Gap.
  • Importance of the Abbey of Ambronay.

Gravure de paysages--Abbaye d'Ambronay--1601/1700

The small town of ambronay, dominated by Mount Luysandre was inhabited at the time of the Roman occupation. Monuments discovered on its territory attest its origin. It no longer exists today of these precious debris that a tombstone found in part of the former cloister who joins the Church. This inscription has been translated by M. de Moyria-Mailla as follows:

Loelinius Loetus raised this monument to the Manes gods and eternal memory of his dear son, Laetinius Verus, who was also called Leontius, and who lived 18 years 3 months and 15 days. This tomb is dedicated under the ascia.

Ambronay Abbey was founded during the reign of Charlemagne, by Barnard, who, according to several chronicles, was a native of Izernore. His father was one of the Lords of Bugey; his mother was named Heliarde. The father of Barnard was a man dedicated to the glory and honour of the homeland. Heliarde, as those virtuous women of ancient Rome, did seek another pleasure, other happiness, than the joys of family. Shut up in his house, she shared his moments between the household care and the education of her many children.

"No matter, told them this good mother, whatever, o you whom I love more than myself! the days cast in quantities. The world, my dear children, you learn to search the honours and riches, and me, I you will draw ever as the horror of the vice and virtue love! »

If the care of Heliarde extended outside the home, it was to bring relief and consolation in prisons and hospitals.

Barnard was the youngest child of this noble family. Soon he felt the wise lessons of his mother; He early showed happy provisions for the study. At the age of ten, his father sent him taste the precepts of priests who joined Science love sacred homeland. The student made rapid progress; his mind, keen and penetrating, seized effortlessly the vicissitudes of history, the problems it gave her to solve. Good classmate, his successes were never a subject of pride that brought it to take on his comrades a tone of superiority.

He worked so hard, when terrible news came all of a sudden hit him in the asylum devoted to the study. The death came under the paternal roof, and had spared none of his brothers. If some consolation would have been possible in this painful moment, Barnard would have found her in tears that his companions mixed with his own. Finally, he left the place where he had tasted of happy moments to go share a father and a mother mourning eplores.

He returned with his family, Barnard seemed to revel in isolation. He was seeking solitary places, and engaged to long meditations. If sometimes obliged by his parents, it met in the world, the discomfort he experienced was noted in its lyrics and its maintenance. But the watchful eye of his father deceived not on his designs. He soon recognized the taste of his son for life of Anchorite, and to divert this addiction, it came him propose to unite it to a bright girl of beauty and youth, joining the most seductive graces illustrious birth, rich jointures, noble virtues. But Barnard was insensitive to the enchanting table; his party was taken: prayer, fasting, a narrow cell in a narrow desert formed desires only, were only fill all his vows. However, he had not enough force to immediately refuse the offer made to him by his father, whose hair, bleached by the fact of sorrows and a year, about a real pity. He preferred to leave the place where stood the maintenance, to postpone his refusal.

The father of Barnard was aware of the human heart; He expected the effect that would produce his words on a burning soul: also, without renouncing its projects, left to time care to calm the emotion that they had produced. When he believed the arrived time the decisive blow was to be worn, he preceded by clerics, who borrowed the voice from heaven in order to give more strength to their demands. Saints Chronicles that 'accusations and threats that these priests employed did both print on the timorous conscience of Barnard, they obtained him an interview with the young person." Finally, the marriage was decided, but the day of the wedding ceremony was not a day of rejoicing. A dark sadness imprint on the physiognomy of the spouses, soon communicated to the crowd of guests.

The father of Barnard, deeply saddened, then resolved to launch his son in the middle of the armed forces, has the vast power of Charlemagne, said M. Bishop of Gap, its conquests, its magnificence, its affability, attracted to himself almost all the nobility of the Kingdom, and formed the most brilliant Court of the universe. Barnard made it clear to his son that a gentleman, established in the world, could not dispense to approach of the prince, and having the honor to be allied with the Royal family, he there would find amenities to which others are not entitled to claim. He hoped that the exercise of weapons, or the delights of the Court, adouciraient soon the wild mood of his son, and that the company of the young people of his age correcting a certain air embarrassed that gave him his great modesty, would make him a man polished according to the world; He did not in this occasion up to Heliarde which is persuading that the sky had explained his wishes by the mouth of a Christian father, took advantage against his son. The young Barnard, it was accustomed to have no other desire than that of his parents, prepared to complete the sacrifice. He was then in his eighteenth year, very well done. He had a very soft natural, much mind, and all he needed to appeal to the world.

In 797, a year after his marriage, Barnard was part of the shipment that the Duke Trasicon led beyond the Elbe. He followed a military career for seven years, taking part in all the struggles that Charlemagne engaged in the Saxons, and reporting by the courage and bravery. The Chronicles report that he came, every winter, in our mountains, in the middle of his family, and that the loss of his father and his mother, died in the same year, forced him to ask the Emperor a leave that was granted to him.

Returned within his family, his wife and his young children, Barnard was soon surrounded by a crowd of so-called friends. These people were aware of his immense fortune, and were aware the credit he enjoyed at the Court. But Barnard said as coldly to their advances. Taste it had always shown for loneliness manifested itself more strongly, and away from his house the cloud of courtiers.

This way of life, a few words escaped in the middle of the conversation, did understand the design that he had to leave his family and be hermit. The sound of this retreat soon spread throughout the country: also alarmed parents rushed they with him to oppose his plans. They upbraided him with strength and bitterness the abandonment that he wanted to make his wife and his children. «You have a false virtue, they say unto him, the genuine piety of a father and a husband was never a barbarian»

Barnard was fighting his relatives by more or less specious, when arguments arguments all of a sudden his wife weeping, followed by his children, comes to his eyes covered with mourning, and rushes to his feet. "If you have no respect, she said to him, the State where you see me and to the tenderness that I always had for you, throw at least eyes of compassion on your children."

The tears and prayers of the young woman came a moment shake the resolution of this man, dedicated to the contemplative life; but he soon returned to the empire that he had on the timid spirit of his unfortunate companion, and persuaded him that the sky ordered their separation.

The biography of Barnard would seem fabulous, if the history of the first centuries of the church provided frequent examples of these abandonments of the family for the stay of the cloister or the desert. The history of Barnard has been written by Guichenon; the Jesuit works published a fort extended, in 1722, Mr. Bishop of Gap has inserted into its history hagiologique of Belley from long details about the life of the founder of the Abbey of Ambronay. Helped by these authors, we continue the story of the adventures of our compatriot.

The party was taken, the spell was cast, nothing opposed to completing the designs of Barnard, who had settled its affairs. A portion of his property had served to the Foundation and the staffing of a hospital; further wealth remained to his family. Meanwhile, after they embraced the mother of his children, after tightening on his heart small beings that he would give up, he is stole abruptly to the cries and sobs of his parents and his servants.

The Chronicles report that he wandered some time regardless of certain road, he entered in the Bugey down towards the year 803, and he stopped at a place called Ambronay. The fertile Earth of this part of our Department fixa probably the attention of the traveler, as well as the remains of a temple dedicated to the Virgin and the ruins of a monastery there lying on the ground as to attest to the passage of the Saracens or other idolaters.

The land of Ambronay belonged to the Abbey of Luxeuil. Barnard decided to acquire them. He went to the Abbot; It gave him ownership of his monastery, through the exchange of a portion of its assets. Barnard thus became master and Lord of Ambronay.

After having restored the Church of the Virgin, Barnard was the construction of a vast convent, assigned considerable revenues, and gave into the hands of religious, under the command of an Abbot. Thus was founded the famous Abbey of Ambronay, whose ruins still show in this small town of Bugey [...]

Source: Ancient and modern of the Ain by Augustus arena 1847 Department history.

Benedictine Abbey of the 9th and 15th centuries. Notre-Dame church: 13th century, 15th century; Tour Dauphine and tour of the Archives: 1st half 14th century; Cloister, and Chapterhouse: 15th century, 17th century.

Source: Ministry of culture.

(Former) Abbey
((Former) Abbey, ambronay)


Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

(Former) Abbey, Benedictine Abbey of the 9th and 15th centuries. Church of Our Lady: 13th century 15th century round tower and Dauphine Archives: first half 14th century ambronay, ain

Location and general information

  • identifier : 6
  • item : Abbaye (ancienne)
  • Location of the building :
    • Rhône-Alpes
    • Ambronay
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 1007
  • Zip code of the municipality : 01500
  • Order in the communal list : 1
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : abbey
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 6 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 13th century
    • 14th century
    • First half 14th century
    • 15th century
    • 17th century
    • 18th century
  • Dates of protection :
    • 1889/12/21 : classé MH
    • 1905/12/27 : classé MH
    • 1928/11/26 : inscrit MH
    • 1964/11/16 : inscrit MH
    • 1991/03/26 : inscrit MH
    • 1992/12/14 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/12/03

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Inscription 17 12 1934 (arrêté) annulée ; Eglise, salle capitulaire et cloître : 18 04 1914 (J.O.) ; Haut lieu de l'histoire religieuse de la région
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • property of a private person 1992
    • property of the municipality
  • Picture : 3f07e36afac232e02580a707140b6867.jpg
  • Detail :
    • Eglise Notre-Dame (cad. AB 191) : classement par arrêté du 21 décembre 1889
    • Cloître et salle capitulaire (cad. AB 192) : classement par arrêté du 27 décembre 1905
    • Tour des Archives (cad. AB 188) : inscription par arrêté du 26 novembre 1928
    • Façades et toitures de la tour Dauphine (cad. B 69p) : inscription par arrêté du 16 novembre 1964
    • Parties non classées des bâtiments dits conventuels et des bâtiments de l' infirmerie (cad. AB 202, 418, 419, 421) : inscription par arrêté du 26 mars 1991
    • Bâtiments composant l' abbaye : bâtiments dits conventuels
    • bâtiments de l' infirmerie
    • logis abbatial
    • pigeonnier (cad. AB 190, 192 à 194, 196, 197, 201, 370, 372, 407, 420, 425) : classement par arrêté du 14 décembre 1992
  • Mérimée reference : PA00116291

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

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Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Coître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye le Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye Escalier Monumental du Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye Escalier Monumental du Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye Escalier Monumental du Cloître

Abbey from Ambronay. Picture of pierre bastien
Abbaye (ancienne), ambronay
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Abbaye Escalier Monumental du Cloître


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