Abbey of canons of prémontré Saint-Martin, French Heritage monument to Laon

The Church is in average limestone unit, vaulted warheads and covered with flat tiles. the abbatial, brick and stone, is covered with slate: the galleries of the cloister are vaulted in brick edges and stone covered with flat tiles. the wing is, only remaining, medium limestone device, a square and a peak stage covered with slate. It includes a room (stations) to the complex vault, cloister ends arc and pendants at the centre
* the Hall became the chapel of Hôtel-Dieu. This wing is served by a remarkable suspended staircase and oval day. In 1124, the Premonstratensian succeed to a chapter of canons regular in decadence
* the Church is built mostly in the second half of the 12th century: around 1160 are high the choir, the transept and the nave
* 1190 the primitive structure is replaced by a vault contrebutée by buttresses and the façade of the southern arm of the transept is high
* the choir is covered by a frame in 1226-1240 (dendrochronological date)
* the construction of the towers continues until the end of the 13th century, but the arrows that overcame them are slaughtered in 1605
* the western façade is not earlier than 1270
* the abbatial Palace and the Pavilion in the garden (called the vide-bouteilles) are built for Nicolas Lesaige between 1616 and 1621. a major reconstruction campaign is undertaken in 1736 by the architects Charles and Nicolas Bonhomme (date once the wing is around the Court of the 'Community')
* the Northeast Tower of the Church was rebuilt in 1740 (date range)
* in 1754, only the East Wing with the grand staircase of the dormitory is completed
* the North and West wings and galleries of the cloister were rebuilt between 1779 and 1788. After the Revolution, the church became a parish and other buildings, designed by engineer Duroché, welcome Hôtel-Dieu in 1810 (date on the front door). In 1944 a bombing destroyed all buildings surrounding the Court of the 'Community', the West and North wings thus updating the medieval Gables of the cellar and refectory.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Abbey of canons of prémontré Saint-Martin
(Abbey of canons of prémontré Saint-Martin, laon)


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Abbey of canons of prémontré Saint-Martin, The Church is in average limestone unit, vaulted warheads and covered with flat tiles. the abbatial, brick and stone, is covered with slate: the galleries of (...) Abbey of canons of prémontré Saint-Martin, French Heritage monument to Laon 81 laon, aisne

Location and general information

  • identifier : 1928
  • item : abbaye de chanoines de prémontré Saint-Martin
  • Location of the building :
    • Aisne
    • Laon
  • Address :
    • place Soeur Marie-Catherine
    • rue Berthelot-Marcelin
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 2408
  • Zip code of the municipality : 02000
  • Order in the communal list : 81
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : abbey
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : restored

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Years :
    • 1736
    • 1740
    • 1810
  • Investigation : 1987
  • Dates of protection :
    • 1850 : classé MH partiellement
    • 1926 : inscrit MH partiellement
  • Date taken into account : 1991/03/01

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 4 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • limestone
    • brick
    • average unit
    • stone
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 4 different types :
    • roof with long tails
    • rump
    • tied
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) : 2 elements in the composition of the hedge, among them we noted
    • slate
    • flat tile
  • Other about the composition roofs : 3 modes of coverage are listed
    • ribbed vault
    • vault
    • vault complex type
  • Floors : 3 type of floors in this manual :
    • 1 floor square
    • floor height
    • 3 vessels
  • Stairs : 4 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • suspended
    • staircase
    • staircase to return
    • steps in implementing
  • Decoration of the building : 4 forms of decoration are present
    • ironworks
    • sculpture
    • carpentry
    • stucco decoration
  • Representation : 12 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • arms
    • fall
    • Ionic
    • quatrefoil
    • cartridge
    • human head
    • palm leaf
    • hat
    • Corinthian
    • Doric
    • key
    • putto
  • Typology :
    • The only information on the typology 'flat bed'
  • Plan : 2 types of plan in this building
    • regular plan
    • Plan regular U

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Remarkable elements : escalier
  • Constituent areas : 12 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • garden
    • barn
    • discount
    • church
    • cloister
    • manufactures garden
    • shelter
    • dwelling
    • convent building
    • abbatial
    • chapter house
    • room
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use : This building has been used in different ways over time. We know 3 successive uses. :
    • library
    • parish church
    • hospital

Other

  • Other : 18 various other information are available
    • subject type man
    • subject type Ionic order
    • subject type Corinthian order
    • subject type leaves falling
    • subject type x (quadrilobes)
    • subject type support: the front railing
    • subject CADS lion type
    • subject type support: facade of the abbatial Palace
    • subject type Doric order
    • subject type triglyphs
    • subject type Hat Abbot overcoming weapons of François de Clermont-tonnerre
    • subject type Abbot from 1672 to 1701
    • subject type support: Pavilion called the vide-bouteilles
    • subject type foliage
    • subject type support: the chartrier room caps
    • subject type support: pilasters of the cloister
    • support: arching of the doors on the cloister public property subject type: palms and putti surrounding arms cartridges with one bearing the arms of the Abbey
    • support: arching of the doors on the cloister public property type support: arching of the doors on the cloister public property
  • Picture : 4bf878d0cc081cb78e18d7b4013944dc.jpg
  • Authors of the survey MH :
    • Plouvier Martine
    • de Massary Xavier
  • Mérimée reference : IA00066444

Men involved in this construction


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