Fortified: 5th caposaldo Spegi, French Heritage monument to Tende

This group of works that constitutes the fifth the first line of defence of Vallo Alpino caposaldo II A subsector is organized into tight on the southern slopes and is heights overlooking Saint-Dalmas in the North-West and the Valley of the mining in the North. This caposaldo includes 4 posts by shooting open with shelter-cave (numbered 8 to 11), three shelters-caves (rated G, H is and West H), a book by Observatory (Spegi) and a company building. The first consists of a rectangular room shelter with technical premises, access galleries into a fight and shooting locations open. Traces of principles of construction for the camouflage: camouflage on palisade of firing positions. The work of the Observatory is a block lying on front rounded including a small Chamber cover casemated associated with three embrasures breakthrough observation Chamber. The whole is more summary than an active book construction and cement block should be hidden by camouflage hung on the metal beams protrude outside. The defensive barracks is classic model, single-level, designed for a troupe of 40 men: suite of rooms that day on the front. This group of works is the fifth the first line of defence of Vallo Alpino caposaldo subsector II was the high-Roya. The long transverse Valley of the torrent of Bieugne was then in whole valley because of the mine of Valaura, located downstream from the Lake of the Mesches, the Miniera. Most were still in draft, some under construction in the drafting of the report of the French military intelligence service dated February 15, 1934, documenting them enough about. Except for the 8 book and the two caves shelter converted to battery in 1937, firing positions are all oriented towards Saint-Dalmas. The Observatory was built until 1939 and a series of 13 sin in 1940 to the limit of the 3rd caposaldo, top of the hill which rises from the deck of the Brig.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

fortified: 5th caposaldo Spegi
Crédit photo : (fortified: 5th caposaldo Spegi, tende)

Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

fortified: 5th caposaldo Spegi, This group of works that constitutes the fifth the first line of defence of Vallo Alpino caposaldo II A subsector is organized into tight on the southern (...) Fortified: 5th caposaldo Spegi, French Heritage monument to Tende tende, alpes maritimes

Location and general information

  • identifier : 7099
  • item : ligne fortifiée : 5e caposaldo Spegi
  • Location of the building :
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
    • Tende
  • Place name : vallon de la Minière
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 6163
  • Zip code of the municipality : 06430
  • Order in the communal list : 19
  • Name of the building : The building is designated by the following 2 names :
    • strong
    • fortified line
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 2 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 20th century
    • 2nd quarter 20th century
  • Year : 1931
  • Investigation : 2001
  • Date taken into account : 2002/07/10

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • This construction is mainly composed of concrete
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 4 different types :
    • terrace
    • upper arch
    • domed roof
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) : 3 elements in the composition of the hedge, among them we noted
    • stone cover
    • land cover
    • concrete cover
  • Other about the composition roofs : 2 modes of coverage are listed
    • cul-de-four (concrete)
    • barrel vault semicircular (concrete)
  • Floors :
    • floor type : basement
  • Stairs : 2 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • straight staircase
    • staircase
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • The only information on the typology 'book casemate cavern'
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas : 3 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • barrack
    • battery
    • post
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • public property
    • region provence-alpes-Côte d'Azur
  • Authors of the survey MH :
    • Corvisier Christian
    • Marciano Florence
  • Mérimée reference : IA06001305

The complete official record is available at Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur - Direction Culture et Patrimoine - Service de l'Inventaire général du patrimoine culturelGrand Horizon, 11-13 boulevard de Dunkerque, 13002 Marseille - 04 88 10 76 66

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

Photo de fabrice tende est l'image principale de cette notice.

Voir cette photo en grand

Description of this building by fabrice tende :

batterie 9 caposaldo speggi un des deux blocs d'ou sortaient les obusiers,ces blocs devaient etre couvert et abrites mais par manque de moyens on ete laisse tel quel de simples porte metaliques fermaient l'entree

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