Bas rhin


The department was creates with the French Revolution, on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the law of December 22, 1789, from the northern half of the province of Alsace (Low-Alsace).

The limits of the Low-Rhine were modifiees has many recoveries:

  • in 1793, it absorbed the counts de lately additional Drulingen and Sarrewerden by France;
  • in 1795, the area of Schirmeck - which did not speak the Alsatian one - was to him retiree and rattachee in the Vosges;
  • in 1808, territories in the east of the Rhine were attach to him, in particular the town of Kehl;
  • in 1814, it lost all the territories in the east of the Rhine but gained territories in the north of Lauter, coming from the old department from the Mount-Thunder, in particular the town of Pram;
  • in 1815, it lost all the territories in the north of Lauter;
  • in 1871, it was entirely additional by Germany (milked of Frankfurt) and became then Bezirk Unterelsass within Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen;
  • in 1919, it became again French (milked of Versailles) and kept the territories which Germany had taken at the department of the Vosges in 1871 (canton of Schirmeck and canton of Saales).
  • in 1944, Kehl is again attaches to him before being reassigns in FRG in 1953.Geography

The department of the Low-Rhine belongs to the Alsace area. It is bordering on the departments of Haut-Rhin in the south, the Vosges and Meurthe-et-Moselle in south-west, of the Moselle in the west, as well as Germany, in the east along the Rhine and north.

Source: Wikipedia.

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