Oppidum de la Cloche, French Heritage monument to Les pennes mirabeau
Located north of the chain of la Nerthe, 235 m above sea level, this oppidum dominates the path which led Marseille to Arles by Septemes at the junction of a road across the chain. 99% On the commune of les Pennes Mirabeau, the plot extends until the end of the Valley where the path that leads to an entry into a fight. It has been excavated since the 1970s by Louis Chabot, who explored on half of its area. The fortification, punctuated by square towers and a facing is known for a few years. Inside are arranged according to the slope of the ground and with some skill the homes and streets in stairs. The presence of residual shards indicates a first occupation in the 3rd-2nd centuries, but which no structure remain. The visible remains are from a reconstruction at the end of the 2nd century and a drop to 50 av J - C associated seat of Caesar against Marseille. Entremont for the previous period, as it offers the instant image of a town at this time hinge, during which, between the taking of Aix and Arles Foundation, for three quarters of a century the Roman presence remained diffuse. Some points deserve to be highlighted: the existence of a tank with a capacity of 60,000 litres, divided in two volumes, for coating which was, for the first time on an oppidum, used lime mortar. As D'Entremont was here the evocation of the rite of the heads cut off enemies which we wanted to capture the force. They were hung at the entrance to impress visitors. Posidonios in travel to Marseille to 100 BC, reported this rite could be observed at the Bell. To explain the reconstruction of the site at the end of the 2nd century, can finally mention the great fear which seized the natives during the attack of the Cimbri and the Teutons in 101 and could lead the Romans to allow them to reoccupy some oppida.
Source: Ministry of Culture, France
Oppidum de la Cloche, Located north of the chain of la Nerthe, 235 m above sea level, this oppidum dominates the path which led Marseille to Arles by Septemes at the junction of a (...) Oppidum de la Cloche, French Heritage monument to Les pennes mirabeau les pennes mirabeau, bouches du rhone
source of information: database Mérimée and contributions of Internet users.
Images shared by the contributors of the site are provided only that they are the owners of the photo. In case of violation of copyright, thank you for contacting us.
Participate in the increase of the database
The objective of the website is to preserve the collective memory heritage user intervention are offered to the community.