Oppidum de la Cloche, French Heritage monument to Les pennes mirabeau

Located north of the chain of la Nerthe, 235 m above sea level, this oppidum dominates the path which led Marseille to Arles by Septemes at the junction of a road across the chain. 99% On the commune of les Pennes Mirabeau, the plot extends until the end of the Valley where the path that leads to an entry into a fight. It has been excavated since the 1970s by Louis Chabot, who explored on half of its area. The fortification, punctuated by square towers and a facing is known for a few years. Inside are arranged according to the slope of the ground and with some skill the homes and streets in stairs. The presence of residual shards indicates a first occupation in the 3rd-2nd centuries, but which no structure remain. The visible remains are from a reconstruction at the end of the 2nd century and a drop to 50 av J - C associated seat of Caesar against Marseille. Entremont for the previous period, as it offers the instant image of a town at this time hinge, during which, between the taking of Aix and Arles Foundation, for three quarters of a century the Roman presence remained diffuse. Some points deserve to be highlighted: the existence of a tank with a capacity of 60,000 litres, divided in two volumes, for coating which was, for the first time on an oppidum, used lime mortar. As D'Entremont was here the evocation of the rite of the heads cut off enemies which we wanted to capture the force. They were hung at the entrance to impress visitors. Posidonios in travel to Marseille to 100 BC, reported this rite could be observed at the Bell. To explain the reconstruction of the site at the end of the 2nd century, can finally mention the great fear which seized the natives during the attack of the Cimbri and the Teutons in 101 and could lead the Romans to allow them to reoccupy some oppida.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Oppidum de la Cloche

Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

Oppidum de la Cloche, Located north of the chain of la Nerthe, 235 m above sea level, this oppidum dominates the path which led Marseille to Arles by Septemes at the junction of a (...) Oppidum de la Cloche, French Heritage monument to Les pennes mirabeau les pennes mirabeau, bouches du rhone

Location and general information

  • identifier : 11176
  • item : Oppidum de la Cloche
  • Location of the building :
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
    • Les Pennes-Mirabeau
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 13071
  • Zip code of the municipality : 13170
  • Order in the communal list : 2
  • Name of the building : The building is designated by the following 2 names :
    • archaeological site
    • oppidum
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • The building dates mainly from the period : high-empire
  • Date of protection : 2004/04/28 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 2002/08/26

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Inscription 28 09 2000 (vestiges fouillés ou à découvrir) (arrêté) annulée.
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other :
    • other Information : owned by the municipality (2000
  • Details : La parcelle BR 46 contenant les vestiges de l'oppidum : classement par arrêté du 28 avril 2004
  • Mérimée reference : PA13000034

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