Caen

The town of Caen, old capital of Basse-Normandie, today chief town of the department of the Calvados and seat of a royal court, sat in the middle of the beautiful pastures which constitute the territorial main wealth of the region.

The sea of it is distant from three miles, and of the ships of a rather strong tonnage go up, using the tides, until in its port, forms by the confluence of the Flowering ash and Odon

Each quotes refers, like the individuals, of aspect which characterizes it more particularly, which distinguishes especially the chief town from the Calvados, it is its excellent spirit of education, few cities, indeed, proportionally have such a great number of scientific and literary establishments, and it is not however that a weak remainder of the old intellectual splendour of the town of Caen. With the Middle Ages, its university enjoyed a high fame, and the monks of Saint-Etienne of Caen count among the most famous conservatives of sciences and the letters.

One would need many pages to make known all that this old quotes Norman and its history offer of interesting; we will limit ourselves here has some details on its three principal religious monuments: the Saint-Pierre church, the abbey of Saint-Etienne, known as the abbey with the Men and the abbey of the Trinity, known as the abbey with the Ladies. The latter was converted into hospital.

Saint-Pierre church

This parish, appelee in the old acts church of Darnetal, is one of those whose foundation is attribuee has holy Regnobert, in the seventh century. The shape of the primitive church is absolutely unknown. The current church is the work of several centuries; the chorus and part of the nave are end of the thirteenth century, the remainder of the nave and the tower, year 1508. The gate which is under this tower dates consequently from the same time. The right wing is of 1410, and the left wing is posterior of a few years.

The vaults were made only in 1521. All the experts admire the beautiful work of the vaults of the apse or roundabout. The tower and its arrow are of a lightness and of an elegance remarkable, and, with the feeling of the Dibdin English, the famous tower of Salisbury cannot be comparee has that of Saint-Pierre.

Among the curious details of this church, one notices the capital of one of the last pillars of the left side of the nave, one sees there, inter alia subjects:

  • Walking the Aristote philosopher has four legs, and bearing on his back an young woman; she had requires of him that he led it, in this posture, to the palate of Alexandre.
  • Tristan de Leonois, one of the knights of the Roundtable, crossing the sea on its sword, as a nacelle, to go to find its lady, and this one awaiting it with its dog on the dimension opposes.
  • Virgile in a basket, suspended has a wall. In the Middle Ages, this poet passed for an enchanter. One reads in a novel that having request an appointment has a Roman lady, it obtained it only in the condition that it would enter to it of night, and in the manner representee by the low-relief. When the poet has half hoists, the malignant person fixed the cord and left our Virgile in her basket; the malignant following day it was the risee of all the town of Rome.
  • Lastly, Lancelot Of the Lake in a cart. This paladin of the Roundtable wandered for a long time to find the Genevre queen, whom one had enlevee, when it met a dwarf leading a cart. It hastens to ask him news of the queen, but the dwarf refuses to satisfy it unless it does not cross the city goes up in his crew. Then it was a dishonour to get into such a car, that the use held to the only criminals.

'' One should not rigorously blame such ornaments in a church, '' tells to Mr. the abbot of the Street in his historical Tests on the town of Caen, erudite work or we draw the majority of the details of our article. '' The artist had certainly a moral goal. These features of our old novels show the madnesses of the love, and as in the centuries of knighthood one nourished the spirit only reading of these works, the architect will have believed to give a useful lesson by representations of Celt species. ''

Abbaye aux Dames

The pope Nicolas II, fearing to cause a war between the Norman ones and the Flemings if it had break-in the marriage of Guillaume, duke of Normandy, with Mathilde de Flandres his cousin, gave the discharge, but it to them them enjoignit for penitence to build two monasteries of the one and other sex. Guillaume built a monastery of men under the invocation of saint Etienne, and Mathilde an abbey of women. On June 18, 1066, the church of this last abbey was dediee with the Holy Trinity. In the first charter of equipment, which is same day, Guillaume does not take the liter of king; it was in October according to whether it conquered England.

In 1083, the Mathilde queen was inhumee in this abbey. In 1562, the Protestants having shift his tomb, the abbess, Anne de Montmorency, collected the bones they and the replaca in the coffin. In 1708, a second mausoleum was high on this coffin, but it was cut down during the revolution because of the weapons of Normandy which appeared in it. The skin of the queen had been respectee, and in 1819 one built one third tomb.

We choose in curious annals of this famous abbey the following episode, or one finds the menu of a banquet of the old time.

The abbess of Caen had formerly, the day of the Trinity, to give has to dine has all the inhabitants of the parish of Be worth-on-Only, and same has their servants, if they had a one year old residence and a day in this parish.

This dinner took place in the interior of the abbey. The guests washed the hands in a tank full of water; then, when they had sat has ground, one extended a fabric in front of them; one served each one to them a bread of 21 has 22 ounces, then a piece of bacon shovel and boiled, having a half-foot squares, then each one a bacon ribelette roasted on the grill, and a esculee (full bowl) of mortreux made and bread and milk, and finally has to drink as long as they wanted, cider or barley beer (beer). The dinner lasted three or four hours. But the intoxication of the parishioners of Be worth-have-Only causing serious disorders, Charles VII converts the dinner into one disavows of 30 books has to pay with the treasure of Are worth, and in a solemn service, the shortly after the Trinity, for the late ones of the parish, to which six of the inhabitants assisted who dined has table.

Abbaye aux Hommes

This abbey, remarkable by the regularity and the serious character of its architecture, was dediee has holy Etienne in the year 1077. The two beautiful arrows which surmount it, and the sides of the nave, are more modern two centuries. Like the tomb of Mathilde, that of Guillaumele-Conquering, buries in this abbey, was shift twice and at the same times. It is thus one third mausoleum which one sees there today.

The monastery of Saint-Etienne provides its origin, and in the following centuries, of the men famous for their talents and speakers virtues; one was indebted has holy Lanfranc, which in fled the first abbot. He opened has Caen a school or formerent many men pour in the letters, and which spread the taste of it, as well have Normandy as in England.

Caen, above capital of low Normandy, and today chief town of the Calvados, department forms country of Trough, Bessin, campaign of Caen and of Lieuvain, carried until 1830:

Cross, mouths and with azure, charges with three flowers of lily with gold, two and one.

These weapons were changees on a vote of the municipal council, and the city carries today:

Mouths, with the crenelated tower of seven parts, donjonnee of a turret of money crenelated of five parts, open, openwork and sand maconnee.

Though one cannot specify the date of the foundation of Caen (Cadomus), one does not suppose it however former to the sixth century. This city appears to be built on the remains of one quotes that the Romans indicated under the name of Civitas Viducassium, and who was ruinee by the Saxon ones. Those eleverent or laisserent to raise the new city, and nommerent it Cathem, which, in their language, meant residence of war. It was already an important place at the time of the transfer of UNeustrie to the Norman ones. It took, under William the Conqueror, of which it still has the tomb, a new increase. Later, the English occuperent it twice. They were huntings definitively, in-1449, by Dunois. The king of England, Henri VI, had it, in 1431, dotee of a university, to which it had this character of erudite city that it always has preserves since.

Description

caen, French city Department of calvados with 85 historical sites listed or simply studied for their remarkable character.
Our database currently includes 85 elements for heritage caen. You will find the menu and footer links leading you on the description sheets.

There are 7 localities (Place called, location known as) in Caen : le chateau ; grand clos saint germain ; le clos charmant ; le clos du poteau rouge ; le clos joli ; les allees du nice caennais ; petit clos saint germain.

listeds buildings (classified and protected) in Caen

Monuments in Caen, Caen has 89 buildings protected. Include :

  1. (Reine-Mathilde (place de la)) official reference : PA00111123 ;
  2. Ancienne abbaye aux Hommes official reference : PA00111124 ;
  3. Chapelle Sainte-Paix (Marais (rue du)) official reference : PA00111125 ;
  4. official reference : PA00111126 ;
  5. official reference : PA00111127 ;
  6. Ancien clos des Coutures (Ouistreham (rue de) 3) official reference : PA00111128 ;
  7. Ancien couvent de la Visitation et ancienne caserne de cavalerie official reference : PA00111129 ;
  8. Eglise Notre-Dame ou de la Gloriette official reference : PA00111130 ;
  9. Eglise Notre-Dame-de-Froide-rue (ancienne) ou Saint-Sauveur : classement par liste de 1889 official reference : PA00111131 ;
  10. official reference : PA00111132 ;
  11. Eglise Saint-Gilles (vestiges de l'ancienne) : classement par liste de 1862 official reference : PA00111133 ;
  12. Eglise Saint-Jean Eglise Saint-Jean : classement par liste de 1840 official reference : PA00111134 ;
  13. (Saint-Martin (rue) 42, 44) official reference : PA00111135 ;
  14. Eglise Saint-Michel-de-Vaucelles (Eglise-de-Vaucelles (rue de l') ; Branville (rue)) official reference : PA00111136 ;
  15. official reference : PA00111137 ;
  16. Eglise Saint-Ouen official reference : PA00111138 ;
  17. Eglise Saint-Pierre Eglise Saint-Pierre : classement par liste de 1840 official reference : PA00111139 ;
  18. official reference : PA00111140 ;
  19. Enceinte de la ville (Saint-Julien (promenade)) official reference : PA00111141 ;
  20. (Jean-Eudes (rue) 20, 22) official reference : PA00111142 ;
  21. (Saint-Sauveur (place) 19) official reference : PA00111143 ;
  22. (Cordeliers (rue des) 6) official reference : PA00111144 ;
  23. official reference : PA00111145 ;
  24. (Moulin (rue du) 6) official reference : PA00111146 ;
  25. (Saint-Pierre (place) 6, 10) official reference : PA00111147 ;
  26. (Bellivet (passage)) official reference : PA00111148 ;
  27. official reference : PA00111149 ;
  28. official reference : PA00111150 ;
  29. (Croisiers (rue des) 13) official reference : PA00111151 ;
  30. (Gemare (rue) 7) official reference : PA00111152 ;
  31. (Gambetta (place)) official reference : PA00111153 ;
  32. official reference : PA00111154 ;
  33. official reference : PA00111155 ;
  34. (Saint-Sauveur (place) 20) official reference : PA00111156 ;
  35. Immeuble official reference : PA00111157 ;
  36. Immeuble official reference : PA00111158 ;
  37. Immeuble (Froide (rue) 4) official reference : PA00111159 ;
  38. Immeuble official reference : PA00111160 ;
  39. Immeuble (Jean-Eudes (rue) 22, 24) official reference : PA00111161 ;
  40. Immeuble (Saint-Martin (rue) 25) official reference : PA00111162 ;
  41. (Saint-Pierre (rue) 52) official reference : PA00111163 ;
  42. Immeuble (Saint-Pierre (rue) 54) official reference : PA00111164 ;
  43. Immeuble (Vauquelin (rue) 23) official reference : PA00111165 ;
  44. Maison (Ancienne-Halle (cour de l')) official reference : PA00111166 ;
  45. Maison (Arcisse-de-Caumont (rue) 26) official reference : PA00111167 ;
  46. Maison Sainte-Blaise (Basse (rue) 88) official reference : PA00111168 ;
  47. Maison dite des Gens d'Armes (Basse (rue) 161) La maison : classement par liste de 1862 official reference : PA00111169 ;
  48. Maison (Bayeux (rue de) 64) official reference : PA00111170 ;
  49. Maison (Bicoquet (rue) 10) official reference : PA00111171 ;
  50. Maison (Bicoquet (rue) 92) official reference : PA00111172 ;
  51. (Bras (rue de)) official reference : PA00111173 ;
  52. Maison (Croisiers (rue des) 8) official reference : PA00111174 ;
  53. Maison (Croisiers (rue des) 14) official reference : PA00111175 ;
  54. Maison (Croisiers (rue des) 26 ; Namps (rue aux)) official reference : PA00111176 ;
  55. Maison official reference : PA00111177 ;
  56. Maison (Fontette (place) 3) official reference : PA00111178 ;
  57. Maison official reference : PA00111179 ;
  58. Maison (Froide (rue) 33, 35) official reference : PA00111180 ;
  59. Maison (Froide (rue) 41) official reference : PA00111181 ;
  60. Maison dite des Templiers (Haute (rue) 45 ; anciennement Haute-Saint-Gilles (rue) official reference : PA00111182 ;
  61. Maison (Montoire-Poissonnerie (rue) 10) official reference : PA00111183 ;
  62. Maison (Namps (rue aux) 14) official reference : PA00111184 ;
  63. (Saint-Pierre (rue) 98) official reference : PA00111185 ;
  64. Maison (Saint-Sauveur (place) 10) official reference : PA00111186 ;
  65. Maison natale de Malherbe (Vauquelin (rue) 1 ; Malherbe (place)) official reference : PA00111187 ;
  66. official reference : PA00111188 ;
  67. (Masse (rue de la)) official reference : PA00111189 ;
  68. Palais de Justice (Fontette (place)) official reference : PA00111190 ;
  69. Pavillon de Beuvrelu (Saint-Gabriel (rue) 3) official reference : PA00111191 ;
  70. (Daniel-Huet (rue) 2) official reference : PA00111192 ;
  71. Prison Beaulieu official reference : PA00111193 ;
  72. Tour Guillaume-le-Roy official reference : PA00111194 ;
  73. (Abbatiale (rue de l') 3) official reference : PA14000027 ;
  74. (Engannerie (rue de l') 9) official reference : PA14000028 ;
  75. Ancienne chambre de commerce et d'industrie official reference : PA14000032 ;
  76. official reference : PA14000048 ;
  77. Eglise Saint-Julien official reference : PA14000061 ;
  78. (Jean-Gutenberg (rue)) official reference : PA14000051 ;
  79. official reference : PA14000055 ;
  80. Maison (Monnaie (rue de la) 9) official reference : PA14000073 ;
  81. Maison (Haldot (rue) 10) official reference : PA14000078 ;
  82. Maison official reference : PA14000079 ;
  83. Chapelle du Bon Sauveur official reference : PA14000064 ;
  84. Statue de Duguesclin (Saint-Martin (place)) official reference : PA14000065 ;
  85. Statue de Louis XIV (Saint-Sauveur (place)) official reference : PA14000066 ;
  86. Villa Baumier (Bagatelle (avenue de) 4) official reference : PA14000082 ;
  87. Bureau de poste Gambetta (Georges-Lebret (rue)) official reference : PA14000085 ;
  88. official reference : PA14000086 ;
  89. official reference : PA14000087
Please note this list is likely to evolve, the data presented are from 2013.

Places of Culture

Museums caen, caen has 4 Museums :

  • Musée de Normandie (Le Château 14000 caen)
    Ouvert du 1er novembre au 31 mai du mercredi au lundi de 9h30 à 18h, tous les jours les autres mois de 9h30 à 18h
    closed : 1er janvier, dimanche de Pâques, 1er mai, Ascension, 1er novembre, 25 décembre
  • Musée de la Société des Antiquaires ( 14000 caen)
  • Musée de la Poste et des Techniques de communication (52, Rue Saint-Pierre 14000 caen)
    Ouvert toute l'année du mardi au samedi
    closed : Jours fériés
  • Musée des Beaux-Arts (Le Château 14000 caen)
    Ouvert du mercredi au lundi de 9h30 à 18h
    closed : 1er janvier, dimanche de Pâques, 1er mai, Ascension, 1er novembre, 25 décembre

Cinemas de caen, caen has 3 cinemas :

  • cinema lux ( ex studio du 7eme art) (av sainte therese, 14000 caen)
  • salle pierre daure (universite de caen, 14000 caen)
  • pathe lumiere (15 boulevard du marechal leclerc, 14000 caen)

Statistics for Caen

Town or city :
Postcode of city : 14000
Insee code : 14118
Longitude : -0.371958
Latitude : 49.184634
Total population : 117157 people
place called : 7
alley : 75
avenue : 55
boulevard : 23
path : 16
current : 9
dead : 32
place : 60
dock : 8
roundabout : 5
route : 4
st : 650
lane : 1
path : 1
square : 13

Birthplace of Malherbe, French Heritage monument to Caen 69
« Birthplace of Malherbe » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Birthplace of Malherbe, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former hotel Escoville, French Heritage monument to Caen 6
« Former hotel Escoville » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former hotel Escoville, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former hotel Duquesnoy-du-Thon, French Heritage monument to Caen 4
« Former hotel Duquesnoy-du-Thon » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former hotel Duquesnoy-du-Thon, French Heritage monument to Caen

Castle, now museums in Caen, French Heritage monument to Caen 24
The castle of Caen was founded around 1060 by Guillaume the conqueror. The stone tower and Hall of the Exchequer were raised around 1120 by Henri Ier Beauclerc, (...) Castle, now museums in Caen, French Heritage monument to Caen

Ancient Church of Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux, currently municipal store, French Heritage monument to Caen
« Ancient Church of Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux, currently municipal store » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Ancient Church of Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux, currently municipal store, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former abbaye aux Dames, currently seat of the regional Council of Basse-Normandie, French Heritage monument to Caen
« Former abbaye aux Dames, currently seat of the regional Council of Basse-Normandie » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former abbaye aux Dames, currently seat of the regional Council of Basse-Normandie, French Heritage monument to Caen

Old Abbey for men, French Heritage monument to Caen
The Saint-Étienne Church dates from the second half of the 11th century and the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. The monumental door is the 12th, 13th and 14th (...) Old Abbey for men, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former clos of seams, French Heritage monument to Caen 1
« Former clos of seams » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former clos of seams, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former hotel of Than, French Heritage monument to Caen 10
« Former hotel of Than » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former hotel of Than, French Heritage monument to Caen

Old hotel des Quatrans, French Heritage monument to Caen 11
« Old hotel des Quatrans » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Old hotel des Quatrans, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former hotel du Grand Cerf, French Heritage monument to Caen 12
« Former hotel du Grand Cerf » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Former hotel du Grand Cerf, French Heritage monument to Caen

The bridge-Creon mansion, French Heritage monument to Caen 13
« The bridge-Creon mansion » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). The bridge-Creon mansion, French Heritage monument to Caen

The Vaubenard mansion, in the grounds of the Centre hospitalier régional, French Heritage monument to Caen 14
« The Vaubenard mansion, in the grounds of the Centre hospitalier régional » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). The Vaubenard mansion, in the grounds of the Centre hospitalier régional, French Heritage monument to Caen

Former Chamber of commerce and industry, French Heritage monument to Caen 17
After the destruction of the hotel Escoville in 1944, a new building is built from 1953 to install the Chamber of commerce. The project is led by the (...) Former Chamber of commerce and industry, French Heritage monument to Caen

Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre, French Heritage monument to Caen 18
« Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre » is a construction of the city of Caen (France, Calvados). Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre, French Heritage monument to Caen