Cairon is a small town in the plain of Caen, which cannot have a history, but that retains even a few curious traditions, good, I think, to save from oblivion. Traditions are the moral monuments of a past to a half fumble in the history, and systematically disdain them it is, out of hatred for some inaccuracies, often curious themselves reject indications precious and much information not found elsewhere.

Cairon is North of Caen, half path of Creully. There are 537 inhabitants. The commune includes part of the village of Buron. The ancient parish of Bissons was annexed to that of Cairon from before the Revolution. It is said that this meeting took place following a plague that ravaged the country. The parish priest of Bissons having cowardice to abandon his parishioners, was deputized with as much dedication as activity, by the priest of Cairon. Since then, the two parishes, which were within the same pattern (at the time of the book Pelut was the Duke of Normandy), remained United. The Bissons still retain their tidy little church in the middle of the cemetery. but they it were part of the parish of the good shepherd who knew how to give his life for his sheep.

Two hamlets bear the name of Cairon. Coming from Caen, after Buron, crossing first Cairon-le-Vieux; then, more than a kilometre, in the direction of Creully is Cairon-le-Jeune. What makes these rather bizarre names, it is that Cairon-le-Vieux lies so far closely from a demi-lieue of usual centre of any parish. The Church is, in fact, located beyond the last Hamlet, at the top of an eminence, enough away from any home and almost on the borders of the commune.

The tradition of the country is that once, no doubt after a first unexplained migration, which made first abandon Cairon-le-Vieux, the largest number of inhabitants of the parish were grouped around their Bell Tower. This fact is justified by the foundations of houses and traces of dwellings which could find in the fields surrounding the Church. But a plague that ravaged the country fit to abandon the infected village, and Cairon-le-Jeune was built at the foot of the Hill, on the banks of the molt.

The Church consists of two parallelograms which one, the largest, forms the nave, and the other the choir. It is dedicated to saint Hilaire. It is known that, as the Church of Belches and several others in the country, it was occupied militarily by the English, after the last revolt of Godfrey of Harcourt. Robert of Clermont, may 28, 1357, ordered the Viscount of Bayeux resume Kalra Tower, and it seems that the place was actually removed at this time.

Moreover, no trace remains of these warriors memories. The nave comes to be almost entirely rebuilt; previously, she had already undergone many repairs, and retained however still some vestiges of its primitive style, which was novel.

The choir, vaulted and fairly well preserved, belongs at the beginning of the 13th century, as well as prove it geometric ornaments which decorate its vaults and its warheads.

The current Bell Tower, above the vault of the choir, is a shapeless mass which bears the stamp of its construction: 1776. He replaced a former belfry slate, which itself should not go back to the time where the Viscount of Bayeux brought Maie-neighbour to give assault.

In one of the northeastern foothills of the Tower of Cairon lies embedded a peculiarly enough stone, and known under the name of Fer-à-cheval. She did little more than one square foot, and bears two nicks, contained two small collateral niches. This stone, obviously laid intentionally, or by means of overlay, instead that it occupies, is the object of a perennial tradition. It is argued that it serves brand to the position of a treasure hidden in the vicinity at the time of the English. Forty years ago excavations were made in the front of this stone. It was performing them day and night, relentlessly; It pushed them far enough, to a depth of more than 2 metres. Needless to say that it found nothing.

The cemetery is very broad, and would suffice burials of a parish larger than Cairon during more than a century. But more than a century ago that it serves, and everywhere it is filled with stone coffins.

It had, said to be in the country, chosen this method of burial in a time where the coffins of wood were not usually employed, lest leave devour the dead by wolves that were found in the vicinity. Others say that, in a leper in a field nearby, which was the big leper colony of Caen, it admitted that from rich patients, whose families did not want to abandon the mortal remains to the Earth without this distinction.

Abbé De La Rue observes, in fact, the existence of a leper at Cairon.

Every time has its calamities. Today, the academies are discussed on cholera and other fatal in the 19th century and future generations plagues; broad and far-sighted of our fathers charity destroyed leprosy, and has preserved the European breeds from this terrible stain.

One of these Nineteen thousand hospitals which, in the words of Mathieu Paris, were enshrined in Christendom to the care of lepers, was founded at Cairon. It was located, said to be west of the Church, and it seems that we could see still some vestiges, there's just a few years, in a vast piece of land named Clos-burrows. The well in was destroyed only fairly recently, and its coping is still leaning against the Northeast Wall of the churchyard.

In addition to this cemetery, there have been at least two other territory of Cairon. The first is located in the countryside, between the two villages of Cairon-le-Vieux and Cairon-le-Jeune, in the loosens the IWRM mount, not far from the confluence of two streams: the molt and the Vey. Straightening this way 20 years ago, it met a considerable number of caskets in stone, enough to build a small house on the road, in the front of the grid of the Castle. The bones were piously collected and transported two dumpers in the northern part of the parish cemetery.

For the ploughshare view still often in the vicinity of human debris, and was there struck from old stone coffins. I searched one of these burials with Mr. l ' Abbé de Guzman, then parish priest of Cairon. We met the top edges of the coffin about 0 m 10, below the soil surface. It had to be closed with carved stones, but only with wide rubble. In the Interior, we constatâmes the presence of the remains of five people. A whole skeleton was lying there feet to the East, and around him, with number of various bones, we recognized four skulls almost complete. We found nothing that these debris, which were brought to the cemetery. The coffin was limestone coarse, dug at right angles on the sides, and a slightly sloping manner at the head and feet.

Tradition told us of a chapel built in this district, and named the Chapel St-Germain. We are in could discover no trace. Only found the crossbar of an old stone cross inlaid in the wall of a nearby grassland and forcing we recognize an informed segment of this cross, used to support the barrier of a field.

The second abandoned cemetery is located on a Hill east of Cairon-le-Vieux, over a career. A few years ago, flows are uncovered a few coffins of stone without the lid. The corpses were oriented feet in the levant. I fouillai one of these graves and found, with the remains of a skeleton, a bronze brooch which has since been lost. I recognized the drawing very exact in one of the publications of Mr. Abbot Cochet, who assigned the PIN by him found a Merovingian.

Thus, this is therefore three cemeteries, containing all of the caskets in stone, in the territory of a single and enough small parish. One of them, by the indication that I have just said, can be traced back to an already well distant time. However, there are perhaps at Cairon a most ancient monument yet.

Source: Memoirs by Société des antiquaires de Normandie 1869.


cairon, French city Department of calvados with 3 historical sites listed or simply studied for their remarkable character.
Our database currently includes 3 elements for heritage cairon. You will find the menu and footer links leading you on the description sheets.

There are 0 localitie (Place called, location known as) in Cairon :

listeds buildings (classified and protected) in Cairon

Monuments in Cairon, Cairon has 3 buildings protected. Include :

  1. official reference : PA00111198 ;
  2. official reference : PA00111199 ;
  3. official reference : PA00111200
Please note this list is likely to evolve, the data presented are from 2013.

Statistics for Cairon

Town or city :
Postcode of city : 14610
Insee code : 14123
Longitude : -0.421691
Latitude : 49.253237
Total population : 1617 people
alley : 6
path : 6
dead : 10
place : 3
route : 1
st : 27
path : 2

Saint-Hilaire Church to Cairon
Cairon Church consists of two parallelograms, one forming the nave, the other the choir. The nave is Romanesque, the walls have retained their modillions in figures; but some parts were taken in underpinning and repeat; the side door to the South has been resized internally; the Western door is modern.

Megalith named La Pierre Tourneresse, French Heritage monument to Cairon 3
« Megalith named La Pierre Tourneresse » is a construction of the city of Cairon (France, Calvados). Megalith named La Pierre Tourneresse, French Heritage monument to Cairon

Castle, French Heritage monument to Cairon 1
« Castle » is a construction of the city of Cairon (France, Calvados). Castle, French Heritage monument to Cairon