The time of the Cliff foundation and the etymology of its name, have gives place has many conjectures. The ones make go up the origin of this city at the time of the invasion of Gaulle by Jules Cesar; they claim that this conqueror made build the old castle, and that it establishes a military station there, to observe to it all the adjoining country; in addition to the tradition they support there, say, this opinion on the etymology of the word keep; indeed, one still calls this name the old Cliff castle; however keep, according to them, can mean quasi domus Julii or the house of Jules. Thus Jules Cesar will have been the founder, &c.
A rhetor Falaisien, 17th century, supports of his dimension that Falaise was flourishing a long time before the foundation of Rome; that it sent, in these times move back, a colony in Latium; that the colonists there built a powerful city, and became famous under the name of Faleriens or Falisques. This rhetor seriously quotes Tite-Live, Pline and Martial in support of what it advances; and he tells the wars then lengthily that against Rome the town of Falerie supported, this alleged colony falaisienne.
Lastly, a writer, famous in this country, goes much further. According to him, Falaise comes from Blowpipes or Fales, '' Hebrew word which means this strip. who holds a balance in sound. counterweight; and this name was formerly gives by the first enfans of Noah, having Gaulle, with the city or castle of Cliff, because she sat as in equal distance to the bottom of a small valley, girded and environnee of all shares of mountains, etc ''
Thus Falaise is not only one Romaine city, not been able same former to the Romans; one makes it go up until the flood, one gives him for founders the wire of Noah! and it is using traditions and of etymologies that serious men claim to prove this marvellous antiquity of their fatherland! Perhaps nowadays should one leave in the lapse of memory all these poor wretches subtleties; but they have occupies our aieux, and under this report/ratio they cannot be completely negligees by the modern historians. Moreover, by finding all these odd daydreams, one learns has to defy oneself what is base only on conjectures.
Mr. Langevih, in his Research on Cliff reproduced these various etymologies without discussing them nor to fight them, and then it has some presents a news. According to him, Falaise is a Gallic city; it was consacree has Isis, has Belenus, and has Diane, and it has preserve the mysterious name of the first of these divinities, to which one has additions the word phalos which wants to say luminaries. Thus Falaise was in the principle a druidic enclosure sacree, and it was named Phalos-Isidos, luminaries of Isis. Since one will have it appelee Phaloisis, Phaloisia and finally, by corruption, Falesia, &c.
So that the opinion of Mr. Langevin could be allowed, it would be necessary that it was appuyee on some historical base, and unfortunately he is not thus the author at least does not quote any authority. We are thus reduced has to reject this etymology like all the others, and we will stop with only who appears probable to us.
It is probable that the people which build the castle will have him gives principle the name of the place on which it was high. One will have said: the castle of Faloise, as one said elsewhere, the castle of the Rock, the castle of the Mound, &c. Later, the city founded around the fortress, by extension will have received the same name; of it, words of city of Faloise, city of Cliff, and ultimately, town of Cliff, by abbreviation.
Guillaume-the-Breton, which saw it besieging in 1204 known as formally that one. named Falaise rightly same of the asperity of its site: '' Ipsius asperitate loci Falesa vocatus ''.
The old historian of Caen, Mr. de Bras, also advances in his description of Normandy, that Falaise '' takes its denomination because of the large rocks which one calls cliffs, which surround it with the one of the suburbs ''.
Lastly, the old manuscript of the city, like Mr. of Frenaye, in his note on Cliff, admit the same opinion, and all the good spirits stop there naturally. We will thus not insist more on this point, which one cannot hardly dispute reasonably, and who is not likely to inspire a good lively interest besides.
It would be more important to determine in a manner specifies the time of the foundation of the city; but in this respect the silence of the history is absolute, and one cannot still stop whom has of the presumptions. Those which by love of marvellous, make go up has Cesar the construction of the fortress, rest, say, on a tradition. But does this tradition really exist as they ensure it? They, indeed, collected it in the people, or is not this rather some fable of college? Undoubtedly traditions are imposing when they are unanimous in a country, and when they are supported by historical documents; but it thus in this occasion is? Several times we have questions men serious and educated on this alleged tradition, and they almost always answered us that it did not deserve confidence that their aieux had not transmitted anything positive to them on this subject; that it was an opinion vague which one to the scientists country allotted. The same men added then, that they held their fathers, that Falaise was the fatherland of the-Conquering Guillaume that it was it a precise and universally widespread fact in the region; and that in the absence of annals written, the tradition, on this point, would be used as base an historical truth has.
Source: Statistics of the Cliff district by Fred Galeron, Brebisson, Desnoyers 1826.
falaise, French city Department of calvados with 94 historical sites listed or simply studied for their remarkable character.
Our database currently includes 94 elements for heritage falaise. You will find the menu and footer links leading you on the description sheets.
There are 23 localities (Place called, location known as) in Falaise : le petit bois ; vaux ; la bruyere ; la liberte ; les roquettes ; le pied mouille ; les costils ; ancienne place aux cuirs ; le clos guillaume ; les hauts de saint adrien ; dalibon ; l attache ; la croix herault ; la piste ; le gue pierreux ; le mesnil besnard ; le mont hardy ; le mont myrrha ; le moulin de vaux ; le moulin saint jean ; rosee ; rougemont ; saint adrien.
listeds buildings (classified and protected) in Falaise
Monuments in Falaise, Falaise has 24 buildings protected. Include :
- Ancienne auberge de La Romaine (Reine-Mathilde (place de la) 8) official reference : PA00111308 ;
- official reference : PA00111309 ;
- official reference : PA00111310 ;
- Eglise Notre-Dame de Guibray (Reine Mathilde (place de la)) official reference : PA00111311 ;
- Eglise Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Eglise Saint-Gervais : classement par liste de 1862 official reference : PA00111312 ;
- Eglise Saint-Laurent official reference : PA00111313 ;
- official reference : PA00111314 ;
- official reference : PA00111315 ;
- Enseigne d'auberge (Trun (route de)) official reference : PA00111316 ;
- official reference : PA00111317 ;
- (Aristide-Briand (rue) 54) official reference : PA00111318 ;
- (Victor-Hugo (rue) 12) official reference : PA00111319 ;
- Immeuble (Champ-Ferme (rue du) 24) official reference : PA00111320 ;
- Immeuble (Gambetta (rue) 17) official reference : PA00111321 ;
- Anciennes loges de la foire de Guibray (Trun (route de) 2, 4) official reference : PA00111322 ;
- Maison Chapot (Saint-Gervais (rue) 41) official reference : PA00111323 ;
- official reference : PA00111324 ;
- (Trun (route de) 6) official reference : PA00111325 ;
- Manoir du Mesnil-Besnard official reference : PA00111326 ;
- Ancien Palais de Justice official reference : PA00111327 ;
- official reference : PA00111328 ;
- official reference : PA14000067 ;
- (Saint-Jean (rue) 13) official reference : PA14000091 ;
- (Amiral-Courbet (rue de l') 22bis ; Belle-Croix (place) 11) official reference : PA14000092
Places of Culture
Librarie falaise, falaise has 1 Librarie :
- mediatheque intercommunale (rue gonfroy fitz rou 14700 falaise)
Cinema de falaise, falaise has 1 cinema :
- entracte (26 rue amiral courbet, 14700 falaise)
Statistics for FalaiseTown or city : falaise
Postcode of city : 14700
Insee code : 14258
Latitude : 48.885701
place called : 23
alley : 13
avenue : 6
boulevard : 5
path : 15
faubourg : 1
hamlet : 3
dead : 4
place : 15
route : 10
st : 137
Responding to the idea of a monument to Guillaume the Conqueror as early as 1837, brothers ratchet handed a draft plaster equestrian group in 1848. William the (...) Statue of Guillaume le Conquérant, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Arlette fountain, French Heritage monument to Falaise 38
Attested fountain from the beginning of cliff. First building erected in the 1st quarter 19th century. Replaced in 1957 by a kiosk adorned with a relief signed (...) Arlette fountain, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Church of the Trinity, French Heritage monument to Falaise 32
« Church of the Trinity » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Church of the Trinity, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Castle, currently college, French Heritage monument to Falaise 15
« Castle, currently college » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Castle, currently college, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Former Hôtel-Dieu, French Heritage monument to Falaise 1
« Former Hôtel-Dieu » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Former Hôtel-Dieu, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Chapelle Notre-Dame-des-sick, French Heritage monument to Falaise 10
« Chapelle Notre-Dame-des-sick » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Chapelle Notre-Dame-des-sick, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Castle of la Fresnaye, French Heritage monument to Falaise 13
« Castle of la Fresnaye » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Castle of la Fresnaye, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Castle of the banks, French Heritage monument to Falaise 14
Castle built 4th quarter of the 18th century; Parties agricultural 3rd quarter 17th century, Bay dated 1674; revised dated 1786 (skylight) (...) Castle of the banks, French Heritage monument to Falaise
College says school girls, French Heritage monument to Falaise 16
« College says school girls » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). College says school girls, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Commandery of Knights Templar, French Heritage monument to Falaise 17
Commandery of templiers founded in 1190 inside the city. Langevin identifies this institution to the body of 15th century building into the hotel of Morell, (...) Commandery of Knights Templar, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Ursuline convent, French Heritage monument to Falaise 18
Convent founded in 1623 by Françoise Coulange Street from the Camp-farm destroyed DAPI. Transferred in 1663 at the current location. Refurbished in 1717. (...) Ursuline convent, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Capuchin monastery, French Heritage monument to Falaise 19
Convent founded in 1616 in Guibray, then transferred in 1620 at the current location, abandoned during the Revolution, remains (...) Capuchin monastery, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Former Palace of Justice, French Heritage monument to Falaise 2
« Former Palace of Justice » is a construction of the city of Falaise (France, Calvados). Former Palace of Justice, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Convent of Cordeliers, French Heritage monument to Falaise 20
Convent founded in 1223 by Pierre de pont D'OUILLY; Chapel consecrated in 1250, largely destroyed in the early 19th century; the reconstruction of Cliff has (...) Convent of Cordeliers, French Heritage monument to Falaise
Wayside cross, French Heritage monument to Falaise 21
Cross antefixe (?) 13th or 14th century, comes from the former Abbey of Saint-André-en-Gouffern (commune of la Hoguette); According to another hypothesis, (...) Wayside cross, French Heritage monument to Falaise