Saint-Martin Church to Esnandes
The Church of Esnandes is less rich and more severe than that of Beaumont. It has primitive foothills, transept and towers of angles; but it will be seen that it is proportionally greater, as befitted its position isolated and discovered. It is constructed in beautiful medium unit (of Jurassic limestone) and less elongated than that of Beaumont; It is closer as a result of the shape of a cube.
The lower part of the facade Western, purely Romanesque transition (nascent warhead), is crowned by a cord on a ledge carved rinceaux very varied, but very damaged and animals. It was a zodiac band, very rare provision and that Mr. Lacurie has point observed elsewhere (other novels zodiacs from the Department, Chermignac and Aunay, frame the portals). I did not have the leisure to look for to recognize the figures of Esnandes; but Massiou, Lesson and Mr Lacurie say that there are still two signs (Sagittarius and Scorpio). There is also something of the facade above the cord, because there is the remains of a large Romanesque arcade blocked; I believe that it corresponds to the first floor of the Tower, which, in this case, would have retained without significant redesign when were built the Church of the 14th century.
You can clearly see a spur which empâte the corner Northwest of the facade; But despite this position unusual at the 14th, it binds too well to the fortifications of the coronation so we can assign its construction on the 15th, and Mr. Drouyn was already observed in the military architecture of the Gironde, a few foothills empatants that other characters forced him to report at the end of the 14th century.
The addition of this spur has done away one of the four beams of high balusters, on which was based the zodiacal cord, and that framed the portal and the two blind arches which it is flanked. These last have never been opened, because a stylobate height of seat always closed mouth, and nudes of the wall that form their background is responsible for the same sculptural ornaments than the intervals of the balusters. These ornaments are either point hollow short form, or a rich alternative nesting of 4-concave foils. It is very difficult to describe this latest decoration, completely new for us all; and was unable to take a sketch informed and without shadows, I know more now find me in the Middle complications that an energetic relief allows its layout. You could say these are pairs of fish scales, petals or valves of rounded shape and concave shell, touching at their summits and asked in cross, each pair passing symmetrically and alternately either top down or its neighbours.
The three arches are ogival. The portal is three archivolts indented, decorated with palmettes, tendrils and a series of large anilles or mill blades, carved hollow and whose branches are rounded at the end. The archivolts are based on a single order of six balusters. Bases are adorned with legs and Tori multiple and more or less crushed. The lateral arches have only two arching indented, and are based on two superimposed orders of four balusters. In the right niche, a statue of Bishop in Pontifical garments (sharp chasuble, dalmatic and stole and dawn), the 14th, is placed on a base supported by the stylobate and has more head; It is probably that of saint Martin, patron of the Church.
Around the building extends a grassed platform which served as cemetery and that limit modern walls and cuts in land elevations that are around the Church. I imagine that this is what Lesson and M. de Quatrefages watched as the ditches; but I do not see how the water could get there in sufficient quantity and sustaining.
The North of the Church wall, repeatedly repaired, is completely blind, I am prepared to believe that, as in Beaumont, it has always been. Its two major repairs are dated on the monument, 1740 and 1828.
The southern flank openings are restricted to two very-deep window as the wall on this side has much less than eight feet thick (Hassiou). Also these openings are totally lacking grace; they are no unadorned and very high above the ground. The first from the West is a large ogival window, placed between half and two-thirds of the length of the nave. A little further, and intended to throw out the day on the three altars of the bedside, opens the oculus I think subsequent to the construction of the building, cart it is point surmounted by a moucharaby. Or must, in my opinion, the drill when the chances of war had disappeared.
Four beautiful gargoyles, in the form of beasts, decorate the southern wall where they hunt the waters of any military Coronation of the building, because there is neither North nor at the bedside. It is right and drilled three large windows pointed, broad, short, placed the highest, deep window in the south wall and the middle one is higher than the others.
Massiou said that the northern and Eastern walls are modern. Lesson and M. l'abbe Lacurie say that the chorus is 15th. century and the Romanesque apse was removed in the 16th. Cannot me, I have already said, to endorse this opinion:
- 1. because the fortresses churches from the 13th and 14th century were the right bedside (Beaumont, St-Avit-Sénieur and Molières in Périgord);
- 2. because the windows of the apse of Esnandes are placed as Beaumont and Molières;
- 3. because the moucharabys and the latrines of Esnandes are placed such as St-Avit-Sénieur and Beaumont, and obviously contemporary of the whole of the defence system.
Tower, which I'll describe the lower parts of fortifications, is placed over the portal, and its upper part pierced by four pointed windows, is modern, even after the wars of religion, because these windows mouldings are identically repeated on a cartouche carved into the southern side and bearing this inscription: André Regeauld, fabriqueur, 1633.
It may appear singular to the warhead, and the warhead which recalls enough although the 15th century, five years before the birth of Louis XIV; but this fact is not without example in Saintonge. At Saujon (on the Seudre, between hose and Rochefort), the Church was destroyed during the wars of religion, and then fully examples in the 18th century, in the last years of the reign of this same prince. However, the Congrès archéologique de 1844 has seen its windows: they are all pointed (shape of the 16th, a bevel in throat very enlarged).
The Tower of Esnandes ends by an attic without ornaments and a low roof with four sewers. It is relocated, at noon, two beautiful gargoyles (bobbleheads Panthers) from its construction from the 14th century.
Nave separated from the aisles by four large pillars on each side, forming six spans, including that of the sanctuary. This shallow has its altar plated against the wall of the apse: it is same of the altars of the side aisles.
Large pillars without capitals; they are relieved of protruding balusters which each is decorated with a flat stick.
Windows of the North completely walled and marked only by their mouldings, warheads, depreciation of curved triangles and cylindrical mouldings; a combination of characters that indicates the second half of the 14th century.
Ogival vaults has lean ribs with sharp NET, which precludes any allocation to the 15th century. Keys of vault pending, but small and very little.
A few tables, their frames and woodwork are the end of the 16th and 17th centuries.
Source: Monumental Bulletin 1857.
Crédit photo : gerardgg (Saint-Martin Church, esnandes)
Saint-Martin Church, The Church of Esnandes is less rich and more severe than that of Beaumont. It has primitive foothills, transept and towers of angles; but it will be seen that it is proportionally greater, as befitted its position isolated and discovered. It is constructed in beautiful medium unit (of Jurassic limestone) and less elongated than that of Beaumont; It is closer as a result of the shape of a cube. esnandes, charente maritime
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