Convent of poor Clares, French Heritage monument to Brive la gaillarde

All buildings are made of sandstone local said blaze, the decor and bays in Geraardsbergen stoneware frames. Cavaignac, former Museum building is distributed by a spiral staircase in a tower in half-off-work covered by a conical roof. It has two bodies in return for square, one square under a roof to rump two-storey single storey square on a drilled ground floor in a series of three large arches and a broken hip roof. The skylights to lead in masonry, arched pediment and quillees balls are characteristic of skylights from the 17th century to Brive. The body of building located on rue Blaise-Raynal, cut by the drilling of the street doctor-Mandla, comprises two-storey square under a roof to long sides and rump. On his elevation overlooking the cloister are two large bays with tracery and, before the work of 1983-1984, the start of a third, as a door to hanger broken. The staircase, replaced by an elevator, was in masonry, two straight stolen with echiffre wall, similar to a few rare staircases still remaining to Brive and its periphery, characteristic of the 17th century (hotels 24 rue Majour and 6 rue Toulzac, or castles of Lacan and Bouquet). The first settlement of the Poor Clares, founded in 1243 by the Viscounts of Turenne, stood outside the walls, to the southwest of the city, in the current suburb Champanatier. At the time wars of religion, their buildings had been destroyed, probably in 1587, they are housed inside the city walled in existing buildings, modified, expanded and supplemented at various times. In 1760, ruined by the collapse of financial Law, they met at the Benedictine of Bonnesaigne, which the ancient settlement was located on the commune of Combressol, near Meymac. Between 1792 and 1793, a part of the premises is converted to House of detention for women, then the set is sold in batches. In 1796, the municipality decides to drill through building a street leading East boulevard, originally called rue Claire or St. Clair, which became, by its extension westward to the central square, the street doctor-Mandla (see file Street). A plan drawn up in 1792 for sale by lots, before the construction of the street, shows the disposition of the various buildings. To the North, a building square, dating from the 16th and 17th century, served by a spiral staircase, with a lean-to Garden City pit
* to the West, a body of medieval house, old House, dating from the late 12th or early 13th century, destroyed in 1960 (see file House destroyed rue Charles-TARI), the Chapel and the cloister, destroyed by the construction of the street
* in the Southwest, along the rue Blaise-Raynal, another body of logis today with the remains of a series of large bays of the 13th century, probably old patrician House reused in dependence of the convent where nuns had built in the 17th century a grand staircase
* to the East, along the boulevard, home that the Abbess of Bonnesaigne was build when declared the Revolution, accompanied by an orchard and a garden (see file House 26 boulevard of the Salan). The North building, probably originally home of the superior of the Poor Clares, known from many assignments: sold to sieur Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac, earning him still locally known home Cavaignac, and then in 1830 to the seminary who settled there prior to its move in the Labenche hotel, he continued to be allocated to education, before becoming Museum municipal from 1882 to 1989known as the Rupin Museum, the name of its first curator, the scholar Ernest Rupin. In 1897, a part of the building corresponding to the former parlor, South side, is destroyed by the expansion of the St. Clair Street. The timing is altered, the access door to the staircase replaced by a window, many berries times as well as some skylights. On the sprocket, on the side of the garden, has been added the portal of the chapel of the convent of the Franciscans or Cordeliers, dating from the 1300s (destroyed place Thiers, circa 1930 convent). The building, currently undergoing renovations, must be assigned to the municipal archives, whilst the Salan boulevard House is occupied by the municipal school of music. The building at the corner of the street doctor-Mandla and rue Blaise-Raynal was restored in 1983-1984 and sold apartments. Its 17th-century staircase, and the sculpted frieze of foliage were destroyed during the work.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Convent of poor Clares
Crédit photo : (Convent of poor Clares, brive la gaillarde)

Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Convent of poor Clares, All buildings are made of sandstone local said blaze, the decor and bays in Geraardsbergen stoneware frames. Cavaignac, former Museum building is distributed (...) Convent of poor Clares, French Heritage monument to Brive la gaillarde brive la gaillarde, correze

Location and general information

  • identifier : 23368
  • item : couvent de clarisses
  • Location of the building :
    • Limousin
    • Corrèze
    • Brive-la-Gaillarde
  • Address :
    • 15 rue Docteur-Massénat
    • 1, 3 rue Blaise-Raynal
    • 26 boulevard du Salan
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 19031
  • Zip code of the municipality : 19100
  • Order in the communal list : 28
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : convent
  • State : The building had 3 different states :
    • remains
    • restored
    • revised

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Investigation : 1999
  • Date of protection : 1927/02/09 : inscrit MH partiellement
  • Date taken into account : 2003/04/04

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 3 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • ashlar
    • stone
    • sandstone
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 5 different types :
    • roof with long tails
    • rump
    • conical roof
    • roof with long tails broken
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is slate
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors : 3 type of floors in this manual :
    • basement
    • floor height
    • 2 storey square
  • Stairs : 8 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • spiral staircase
    • masonry
    • staircase half-off-work
    • stairs in work-
    • staircase
    • staircase to return
    • lift
    • spiral staircase in masonry
  • Decoration of the building :
    • The decor consists of 'sculpture'
  • Representation : 2 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • foliage
    • pediment
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Remarkable elements : baies
  • Constituent areas : 5 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • court
    • common
    • garden
    • chapel
    • cloister
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other : 7 various other information are available
    • the portal from the convent of the Franciscans is studied in the palissy base
    • the brive-suburb area. a frieze of foliage in tendrils
    • similar to fig leaves
    • dating probably from the 13th century
    • decorated elevation
    • between the ground floor and the first floor of the body on the rue blaise-raynal
    • the two bays on the opposite side had trefoil tracery and balusters to bare tent. the building of the former Museum has Dormer Windows decorated with pediments. private property
  • Involved in the work : Cavaignac (propriétaire)Rupin Ernest (personnage célèbre)
  • Details : Musée Ernest Rupin (BL 58), rue du Docteur-Massénat : inscription par arrêté du 9 février 1927.
  • Author of the survey MH : Chavent Martine
  • Mérimée reference : IA19000122

The complete official record is available at Conseil régional du Limousin - Service chargé de l'inventaire23C boulevard Saint-Maurice 87031 LIMOGES cedex - 05 87 21 20 90

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Convent of poor Clares, French Heritage monument to Brive la gaillarde. Picture of Paquerette
couvent de clarisses, brive la gaillarde

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