Deux sevres

Name of the Department
Two-separate

Name of the Area
Poitou-Charentes

Surface
6.054 km2.

Culminating point
does the Burrow of St-Martin have St-Martin of Fouilloux? (272 m).

Prefecture
Niort. 3 districts. 33 cantons. 302 communes.

Population
345.965 inhabitants (census 1990).

History

Do the department of Two-Separate was creates in 1790 by the meeting of part of? Poitou and of fractions of the Angoumois, Aunis and Saintonge. Occupies as of? paleolithic, he was people, at the time of Roman colonization, by Pictons. ? Devastates by the successive invasions, it formed part with 10th fields of the counts? of Poitiers, dukes of Aquitaine. The small seigniories multiplierent (Thouars? Parthenay, Bressuire) and of many abbeys were founded. By the remarriage, in? 1152, from did Alienor of Aquitaine with Henri II Plantagenet, the area fall under? English domination and was the object of the competitions between France and England. Ravagee? by was the duke of Lancaster with 14th, it gradually reconquered by Of Guesclin? and joined together in France at the end of the One hundred year old war (1436). During wars of? Did religion, the province become the citadel of Reforme in the west, and was the theatre of? cruel religious fights. Did the edict of Nantes grant to the Protestants the fortified towns of? Niort, Thouars and Saint-Maixent. Did the Revolution see to be organized in the department? Vendean royalist insurrection: Do Rochejaquelein and Lescure reflect on foot one? army; the department was devastates and pacification intervened only under the Empire. In? 1832, an attempt at rising legitimist formee around the duchess of Berry? failed without for that creating important disorders.

Geography

Do territory of transition between the Armorican Solid mass and the Aquitanian Basin, Two-Separate them? do not offer a geographical unit. Caracterisees by low altitudes and forms? does little accentuees, they comprise four types of areas which different from the point of view? geological: scrap-metal, with the clay soil, and do Gatine, on the granitic ground, belong to? Armorican solid mass. Plains, in the east and the south of the department, made up of ground? limestone, form already part of Aquitaine. Do the Marsh poitevin, territory drain, were? reconquered on the sea. Does the department owe its name with the two rivers which it? cross: separates it Nantes which moves towards the Loire, and Separates it Niort which goes? directly with the ocean, ramifying in innumerable arms. Climate, wet and soft? is subject to Aquitanian and Armorican influences. Does the department have an agricultural vocation? clearly marquee. The breeding dominates (the livestock of goats is the first of France). ? The cultures fourrageres and cerealieres are dominant. Food industry -? dairies and slaughter-houses - is the complement of agriculture. Chemical industry? metallurgy and the textile is the other branches of the industrial activity.

Arts

Does prehistory have leaves in Two-Separate a great number of vestiges (some? tumulus is famous, like that of Bougon). Roman domination, however? beneficial, has leaves only few remarkable traces. Is the Romanesque art poitevin? particularly abundant: concurrently to prestigious sanctuaries (Javarzay, Miss? the abbey one of Airvault, Glass casing-under-That etc), a great number of more modest churches? mark out the countryside. Is the Gothic art less rich but nevertheless well represents? by the churches Notre-Dame de Niort and of Bressuire, collegial the St-Maurice d' Oiron and? the vault of the castle of Thouars. A place has share must be made with abbey? Cellessur-beautiful, with its superb multifoil gate, and of Saint-Maixent; buildings ruins? and restore with 17th in the Gothic taste. Is feudal architecture illustrated by? remarkable monuments. The keep of Niort, the castle of Coudray-Salbart, them? doors fortifiees of Parthenay. It is advisable to quote less old castles: ? Do Javarzay, Oiron, Saint-Wolf on Thouet, Melzear have Paizay-the-Wrong, Ouches has? Saint-Genard and especially Thouars dominating Thouet. In the whole of the department? exist finally of numerous home poitevins: manors, firm fortifiees and pigeon of one? great interest. Medieval units have resists the wars and the destruction: ? old villages of Exoudun, Trough, Saint-Christophe-the-Stork; Miss, in addition to sound? medieval character, became an important artistic center. Do a little everywhere reappear? artisanal fairs, folk groups, craft industry of art, which give to the honor the life and? traditions of the master key.

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