Dungeon; Castle, French Heritage monument to Roussas

Quadrangular block, this Dungeon is built in limestone stone, Middle unit. The walls have a thickness of 1,80 m. There is a chain of angle paired on the left part of the highest building. The facade in advance has a single span of three levels, with entrance arched door jamb moulding, door covered with a drip edge and segmental arched projecting key Windows. The high window of the facade, at the 4th level, is cut in half and walled. The cover is made of concrete flat terrace. The right side elevation also has a span of similar Windows. Inside, converted into a house in the 18th century, has a large vestibule, which area (8 m 4) repeats itself in parts of the upper levels, a former kitchen (dining current) covered with a very low vaulted, a turning staircase to return, and rooms on the first floor. The wing added to the Northwest, withdrawal, is built in coated limestone rubble. It is lace of a span of segmental bays, the patio floor overlooks a masoned terrace enclosed by an iron railing. A carved stone emblazoned is remployée above the arc of this patio door key. A body of lower building (2 levels), covered with hollow tiles, made return right. The Northeast Tower of Roussas was probably built by the Adhemar in the 13th century. However, a carved stone, currently in reinvestment in the building, door coat of arms surmounted by the name Rossa [t] s, place and family attested since the middle of the 12th century until the end of the 14th. Adjacent to the Chapel, the Dungeon was much more important than the Southwest Tower. The remains of bays arched with traces of coussièges show that he had to serve Castle. It was included in new buildings in the middle of the 18th century. At that time, successive owners, the Philibert and Bennett, who buy it in 1755, extend it a wing to the Northwest and transform the corps de logis together
* They ajourent it spans of doors and Windows, such as the facade of the Castle stands today. The Dungeon then loses its isolated and defensive character. Ordered to the Revolution, the demolition of the castle could however be avoided. In about 1920, the donjon, above a floor (as shown in the cut front window) and covered with a roof with two slopes, was flush 2 or 3 metres. He received coverage in terrace, unchanged when today. In 1936, an earthquake shook the castle which remained still in place.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Dungeon; Castle
Crédit photo : (Dungeon; Castle, roussas)


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Dungeon; Castle, Quadrangular block, this Dungeon is built in limestone stone, Middle unit. The walls have a thickness of 1,80 m. There is a chain of angle paired on the left (...) Dungeon; Castle, French Heritage monument to Roussas roussas, drome

Location and general information

  • identifier : 38020
  • item : donjon ; château fort
  • Location of the building :
    • Rhône-Alpes
    • Roussas
  • Address : le Village
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 26284
  • Zip code of the municipality : 26230
  • Order in the communal list : 5
  • Name of the building : The building is designated by the following 4 names :
    • castle
    • strong
    • castle
    • keep
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : restored

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Investigation : 2000
  • Date of protection : 1926/07/17 : inscrit MH
  • Date taken into account : 2006/06/19

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 6 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • limestone
    • rubble
    • coating
    • partial coating
    • average unit
    • small device
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 2 different types :
    • terrace
    • shed
  • Materials (roofing) : 2 elements in the composition of the hedge, among them we noted
    • hollow tile
    • concrete cover
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • A mode of coverage listed 'barrel vault'
  • Floors :
    • floor type : 2 storey square
  • Stairs : 4 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • masonry
    • staircase
    • staircase
    • staircase to return
  • Decoration of the building :
    • The decor consists of 'sculpture'
  • Representation :
    • the only ornament listed is 'arms ring type'
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan : 2 types of plan in this building
    • Plan regular L
    • regular plan

Monument and history of the place

  • Building containing : ensemble castral
  • Interest of the building : L'ensemble castral mériterait un classement en totalité, tant au titre des Monuments Historiques que des Sites.
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 5 various other information are available
    • coat of arms carved in relief flat type Crown to spikes and florets
    • coat of arms carved in flat relief type surmounted by the inscription rossa [-] s
    • coat of arms carved in flat relief type in a shield
    • coat of arms carved in flat relief type behind which intersect at an angle a cross and a banner. private property of cultural heritage
    • coat of arms carved in relief flat type region Rhône-alpes
  • Details : La chapelle et les restes de l' ancien château de Roussas (Drôme).
  • Author of the survey MH : Beaulieu Clémence de
  • Mérimée reference : IA26000233

The complete official record is available at Conseil régional de Rhône-Alpes - Service chargé de l'inventaire6, Quai Saint-Vincent - 69001 Lyon - 04.72.00.43.70

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

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Dungeon; Castle, French Heritage monument to Roussas. Picture of pierre bastien
donjon ; château fort, roussas
Dungeon; Castle, French Heritage monument to Roussas. Picture of pierre bastien
donjon ; château fort, roussas
Dungeon; Castle, French Heritage monument to Roussas. Picture of pierre bastien
donjon ; château fort, roussas

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