Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres

Structure

Shell and pavement in Bercheres limestone (quarries situated 10 km from Chartres); outdoor sculpture of the stone facade of Chantilly, North and South Vernon-sur-Eure stone; vaults of quadripartite warheads, vaulting in tufa, arrow of the South Tower in stone Amprainville (Eure-et-Loir), metal frame and cover in copper plates.

The present Cathedral was built on the site of the previous successive buildings after the fire of 1194 that destroyed almost entirely. Were however spared the crypt, the two towers and the western façade.

Timeline

  • The mention of a first bishop, Valentin, in the second half of the 4th century proves the existence of a church.
  • It is mentioned for the first time in 743 after its destruction by the Visigoths, already dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
  • Destroyed and rebuilt several times during the various invasions (858-962), especially by the Teudon (died before 1028) architect who Redid the facade and the roof before the fire of 962, however, it remains a modest building.
  • Bishop Fulbert, great intellectual of his time and prominent figure in the Cathedral, gives its growth after the fire in September 7, 1020. Only the (known as Saint-Lubin) crypt of this building built by the architect Berenguer (died c. 1050) enclosed since in a second crypt chapels, has been preserved:
  • larger and affecting the shape of a U, it is finished in 1024.
  • The high Church of considerable size is dedicated in 1037 after the death of Fulbert.
  • A new fire in 1134 destroyed part of the city but little damage the Cathedral. Shortly after, an independent Tower equipped with a Bell Tower wooden high Northwest and then the Western front with the Royal Portal topped three canopies between 1142 and 1150 Fulbert Church;
  • a second tower with a stone Spire is complete in the southwest around 1170.
  • Today's Cathedral was raised in less than thirty years by the will of the Bishop Renaud of monsoon and the chapter through the influx of donations.
  • In 1221, the canons settled in the new choir and the consecration takes place October 24, 1260, under the patronage of the assumption of our Lady.
  • In 1310, the sacristy is the Assistant to the North;
  • in 1356, the Saint-Piat Chapel, to the ostentation of the saint's relics, is built in the South by Jean Guignart above the chapter room (high by Hugh d'Ivry) and connected to the Cathedral by a staircase which will be later covered;
  • in 1417, the chapel of Vendôme offered in ex-voto is built by Geoffroy Sevestre in the South aisle of the nave. The North Tower raised by Jehan de Beauce to replace wooden belfry was completed in 1513.
  • The gigantic fire of June 4, 1836 destroyed forest nicknamed frame and coverage in lead; only the aisles are spared, but the vaults resistant causing little damage inside.
  • Thanks in part to a subscription, the restoration works were completed in 1841 and the Cathedral receives a new iron and cast iron frame and cover in copper plates.

Source: Ministry of culture.

Notre Dame Cathedral
Crédit photo : (Notre Dame Cathedral, chartres)


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Notre Dame Cathedral, Shell and pavement in Bercheres limestone (quarries situated 10 miles from Chartres); outdoor sculptures in the stone facade of Chantilly, North and South (...) Notre Dame Cathedral, French Heritage monument to Chartres chartres, eure et loir

Location and general information

  • identifier : 42129
  • item : cathédrale Notre-Dame
  • Location of the building :
    • Centre
    • Eure-et-Loir
    • Chartres
  • Address : 16 cloître Notre-Dame
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 28085
  • Zip code of the municipality : 28000
  • Order in the communal list : 37
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : cathedral
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : restored

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Investigation : 1996
  • Date of protection : 1862 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 2003/11/17

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 2 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • limestone
    • rubble
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 3 different types :
    • polygonal spire
    • gable roof
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is copper coverage
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • A mode of coverage listed 'ribbed vault'
  • Floors :
    • floor type : 3 vessels
  • Stairs : 4 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • spiral staircase
    • masonry
    • stairs in work-
    • spiral staircase in masonry
  • Decoration of the building : 2 forms of decoration are present
    • stained glass
    • sculpture
  • Representation : 2 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • ornamental plant
    • animal ornament
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • Plan Type 'Latin cross plan'

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Edifice majeur de l'histoire de l'architecture gothique. Emploi systématique des arcs-boutants, sculpture des porches et des portails, ensemble remarquable de vitraux
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas : 4 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • chapel
    • crypt
    • chapter house
    • room
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • the survey has allowed to identify a constituent part in this construction : shelter
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • simple capitals with vegetal ornamentation
    • Chapiteau at basils clashed over the arcade to the lower room of the North Tower. property of the State
  • Details : Liste de 1862. Inscription en 1979 par l' UNESCO sur la liste du Patrimoine mondial de l' humanité.
  • Author of the survey MH : Jouanneaux Françoise
  • Mérimée reference : IA28000005

The complete official record is available at service régional de l'inventaire Centre6, rue de la Manufacture 45000 Orléans - 02.38.78.85.21

Men involved in this construction

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

Photo de gerardgg est l'image principale de cette notice.

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Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres
Notre-Dame Cathedral from Chartres. Picture of gerardgg
cathédrale Notre-Dame, chartres

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