Finistere

History

The territory now occupied by the Finistère Department was inhabited, before the Christian era, by the Celtic tribe of the Occismiens. It was there, and par excellence the country of the Druids, who led the Armorica to the fight against the Roman invasion; but, submitted by the invaders, this land was included by Augustus in Lyonnaise, and, under Adrien, in third Lyonnaise. It then received the name of country of León in its western part; then, towards the beginning of the 5th century, freed gradually exit the status of people enslaved, and foreign domination she regained one ally of the Romans.

At that time, Christianity penetrated in this remote province, quite resistant to any new idea, and who retained until the 17th century customs of its ancient idolatry.

The Roman empire destroyed, Finistère became an independent Kingdom, the Kingdom of Cornwall, with Kemper for capital; He suffered various changes, and was possessed, the mid-9th century by the counts of Léon, whose one stubbornly resisted the intrusive activities of the Frankish Kings. In the 13th century, the entire region came under the rule of the Dukes of Brittany, who remained owners until the time where two weddings of Anne of Brittany with Charles VIII and Louis XII, then his daughter Claude with François Ier, the definitely meets the Crown of France.

Finistère was particularly felt by the wars of the League; its territory was ravaged by the robbers, devastated by the bands of wolves, and its inhabitants suffered a dreadful famine which the story is horror. Since that time, it enjoys a calm that was more troubled than by the excesses of the Revolution.

In 1790, to the general redesign of the France in Finistère Department was formed with the middle part of lower Brittany.

Geography

Finistère is located at the West end of Brittany. It is bordered to the North, West and South by the English channel and the Atlantic ocean.

Arts

Works of art are numerous in the Finistère; all the communes or almost have a sometimes dizzying artistic heritage by its richness and its density.

Include those below:

  • Prehistoric construction (tumulus, dolmen, menhir, cairn).
  • Roman remains (villas, as in St-Fregant or Pont-Croix).
  • Romanesque buildings (as in Locmaria-Quimper or Daoulas).
  • Gothic churches (cathedrals of Quimper and St-Pol-de-Léon).
  • A medieval castle (Brest for example).
  • Castles Renaissance (see Kanchi and St-Vougay).
  • Old typical streets (Quimper, Morlaix).
  • Many Mansions sometimes today turned into farms.

The originality of the Finistère, it is especially the multitude of its shrines as:

  • chapels of campaign
  • Cross or their Calvary
  • fountains
  • parish churches
  • ossuary

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