St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque

Venerque is so to speak placee in the high-speed motorboat on the platform which dominates the two rivers, and in spite of the little of rise in its plate, its houses, irregularly groupees, enjoy a rather pleasant sight in the green meanders of Ari?ge. Celtic flint axes and various Gallo-Roman objects in great number, overdrafts, randomly to the exploitation, in the surrounding territories, testify to an extremely old establishment. At times reculees, that no text specifies besides, Venerque was already, by its position, the natural outlet of harvests of Lauragais and the plain. Today still, the only importance of this modest commune (988 inhabitants) is in its steps of Thursday, or run out the grains of Leze, lowland and the slopes, and in its four annual fairs (April 26,July 13, October 9 and November 20) which usually join together all the farming populations of the region.

Venerque will interest the tourist by his small Romance church, recently classee with the number of the historic buildings. It is the last vestige of the abbey of Saint-Pierre.

The oldest document concerning has this house is a charter of Louis Debonnaire, datee of July 817. The assembly held at that time with the imperial palace of Aachen for the reformation of the monasteries of Carolingian origin, classified the abbey of Venerque among those of the third rank, which owed neither soldiers nor present at the sovereign, but only of the prayers for the emperor, her family and the needs for the State (Mabillon. Diplom, ann. 817).

After this starting point, the history leaves a gap of approximately two hundred years, and in the current of the eleventh century, the convent of Saint-Pierre de Venerque, perhaps restored on the ruins of a primitive monastery, is nothing any more but one dependence of the abbey of Saint-Pons of Tomieres.

In 1080, the count Willelm, duke of Toulouse, give to the abbey of Saint-Pons the wooded slopes which moutonnent, in the territory of Venerque, between Espanes, Aureville and Ari?ge, and in 1182, the pope Lucius III, in his bubble of confirmation of the goods of the abbey of Tomieres, names Saint-Pierre de Venerque with the churches and the franc-strongholds which depend on it:

In Tolosano, abbatiam Sancti $petri de Venerca cleaned ecclesiis and allodiis am (Gallia christiana. Ecclesiae sancti Pontii Tomeriarum instrumented).

Lastly, the bubble of secularization of 1612 designates with the number of the benefit of the new chapter the prioress of Vernet and the church of Venerque.

There does not remain any trace of the various buildings of the monastery; it is hardly if some formless remains of substructions were discovered during the correction of the road.

The church preserves very-beautiful a bronze reliquary, purple cabochon spillplate and people of figures of bishops of a noble style. Are contain the bones of saint Phebade, third bishop of Agen and one of the firmest defenders of the faith against the arianism.

The translation of these remainders is demeuree a mystery. One knows has of not to doubt that the episcopal relics of Phebade saint do not quitterent the church of Agen until the religious dissensions of the sixteenth century. At that time, they were transportees has P?rigueux or their trace appears to have been lost.

The popular tradition which does not know a problem, explains the event by a miracle.

They are brigands, according to the legend, who pillerent during the night the cathedral of Agen, and which reducing in Spain with their treasure, jugerent in connection with coming to camp on a solitary monticule, opposite the church of Venerque. When, the following day, at dawn, they wanted to take again their walk, the relics of the saint bishop refuserent to follow them, and like the chalices, the crosses of money and dalmatic the dorees did not oppose same resistance, they did not have guard to enter in fight with the Lord and abandonnerent hunting in full shift. Then well-known episodes in the cycle of the legends are renouvelerent: the reliquary remained obstinately motionless when the peasants who passed essayerent to remove it; the cure which one went to seek with the presbytery was not happier; and finally, when the procession, cross at the head and banners deployees, arrived while singing instead of the miracle, the reliquary was offered itself to the hands priests and was gently let carry to the church, or it is still.

The chapter of Agen has several times claims near the parish of Venerque, without never obtaining restitution, the new owners answering without being moved, that entirely foreigners with the spoliation of the church of Agen, they made only respect one supernatural will. Nevertheless, the insistence of the Residents of Agen inspired of if sharp feared in Venercois, that for a long time, to the annual procession of Phebade saint, four fusiliers walked the weapon to the arm around the relics, loans has to push back by the force enemy surprise very.

Theodore de Beze, after having said that year sixteenth century the calvinists of Agen made a temple of the old church of Saint-Phebade (Saint-Fiari), adds these curious details:

'' In this temple there was a marble sepulchre which one said being of known as Eveque, of which nourish had accustoms to scrape what they could about it have to swallow it in their soup in order to have milk abundance. And however there is a small town close to Toulouse, nommee Benerque on the river of Riege, to which place on feastday April twenty-fifth of the known as Fiari saint, the neighbouring ones have accustoms of any seniority to be assembled out of weapons, of fear (he says) that those of Agen, to which they maintain to have concealed the body of this saint, do not come it to require. '' (Beze. Hist. eccks., V, page 790.)

Source: Foix and Comminges, voyage in the valleys of the Garonne and Ari?ge by Jean Joseph Gabriel Ernest Roschach 1866.

St. Peter's Church
(St. Peter's Church, venerque)


Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

St. Peter's Church, The first mention of the Church dates back to the year 817. Construction of the Romanesque building at the beginning of the 12th century. In the 15th and 16th (...) St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque venerque, haute garonne

Location and general information

  • identifier : 47302
  • item : Eglise Saint-Pierre
  • Location of the building :
    • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Haute-garonne
    • Venerque
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 31572
  • Zip code of the municipality : 31810
  • Order in the communal list : 1
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : church
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 3 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 12th century
    • 15th century
    • 19th century
  • Date of protection : 1840 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/08/30

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • The decor consists of 'painting'
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : 18 04 1914 (J.O.)
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other :
    • other Information : owned by the 1992 municipality
  • Picture : e4a01fcd9783c88dce0a7befcfb0a5ee.jpg
  • Details : Eglise Saint-Pierre : classement par liste de 1840
  • Mérimée reference : PA00094653

Men involved in this construction

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque. Picture of Monique c
Eglise Saint-Pierre, venerque
Description of this building by Monique c :

Eglise St Pierre Venerque

St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque. Picture of Monique c
Eglise Saint-Pierre, venerque
St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque. Picture of Monique c
Eglise Saint-Pierre, venerque
St. Peter's Church, French Heritage monument to Venerque. Picture of Monique c
Eglise Saint-Pierre, venerque
Description of this building by Monique c :

Intérieur église St Pierre Venerque


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