Farm, French Heritage monument to Espalem

Walls and chain angle in basalt, wood frames
* wine vaults in cradle in basement of the House floor
* the staircase comprises a first straight flight, basalt, partly on vault as well as the level of the ground floor, the following two volleys and the rest being work, with canoes markets
* the external staircase is masonry and also partially on vault farms in the middle of the 19th century by grouping several parcels already built in 1843, at the price of even more confusing changes parcel 1843 cutting does not seem to coincide with the morphology of the frame at this time
* the oldest parts correspond to 1067 and 1066, the old cadastral map plots, but there are also adjoining part of 1069 parcel where stretch in the cellars in basement of the House floor, which corresponds to the southeastern part of the whole: cellars and housing, without sponge cake, with the staircase and its openings (gateway to Bay mullioned in top of door protected by a discharge arc and window from floor to brace) probably the first half of the 17th century, as well as the chimney
* same time, the small window to traverse the old parcel 1066, side road
* a second building (former parcel 1068), with roof lean-to and Genoese, accessible by the stairs outside and without internal communication with the previous, was probably built at the beginning of the 19th century
* the barn (both northeast of the old parcel 1069 and Southeast of the old parcel 1037) was largely rebuilt in the second half of the 19th century, with creation of an alleyway at the expense of the old parcel 1037

Source: Ministry of Culture, France


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Farm, Walls and chain angle in basalt, wood frames; wine vaults in cradle in basement of the House floor; the staircase comprises a first straight flight, basalt, (...) Farm, French Heritage monument to Espalem espalem, haute loire

Location and general information

  • identifier : 70156
  • item : Ferme
  • Location of the building :
    • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
    • Espalem
  • Address : 4e ferme
  • Place name : la Pénide
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 43088
  • Zip code of the municipality : 43450
  • Order in the communal list : 5
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : farm
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 5 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 17th century
    • First half 17th century
    • 19th century
    • First half 19th century
    • Second half 19th century
  • Investigation : 1987
  • Date taken into account : 2001/09/13

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 6 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • rubble
    • ashlar
    • combination device
    • stone
    • andesite
    • basalt
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 4 different types :
    • roof with long tails
    • rump
    • shed
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is hollow tile
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • A mode of coverage listed 'barrel vault'
  • Floors : 4 type of floors in this manual :
    • 1 floor square
    • stage base
    • ground floor raised
    • rez-de-chaussee
  • Stairs : 9 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • distribution outside staircase
    • straight staircase
    • masonry
    • in frame
    • stairs in work-
    • staircase
    • staircase to return
    • on vault
    • staircase distribution
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology : The typology consists of 6 elements
    • Genoese
    • barn and re-fills
    • stable ground floor
    • door and barn door barn gutter walls opposite
    • two stable longitudinal
    • farm house block height
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas : 4 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • cellar
    • barn
    • discount
    • barn
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other :
    • No additional information available in our database.
  • Author of the survey MH : Leclercq Jean-Paul
  • Mérimée reference : IA43000331

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