Haute vienne

Name of the Department
High-Vienna

Name of the Area
The Limousin

Surface
5.512 km2.

Culminating point
wood of Crozat (777 m).

Prefecture
Limoges. 3 districts. 38 cantons. 201 communes.

Population
353.593 inhabitants (census 1990).

History

Populates at the time Gallic by Lemovices, the territory of High-Vienna? knew, under the Roman domination, a great prosperity: Did Limoges develop? with the crossroads of important Roman ways. Evangelisee as of 3rd by St Martial? area knew, of 6th with 10th, a flourishing monastic life. Devastee with? 9th by the Norman ones, it was incorporated in Aquitaine. The Viscount of Limoges? developed under the suzerainty of the dukes of Aquitaine, in perpetual conflict of authority? with the abbots of St-Martial. But following the remarriage of Alienor of Aquitaine with? Was Henri II Plantagenet, it the object of quarrels between France and England and? several times of hands changed. Devastates by the black Prince and the bands of Lorry drivers? did the Limousin become again French with 14th but left weakened this period? disorders. To 15th, the Viscount of Limoges passed by heritage Albret and to Henri? IV, the last Viscount, joins together it with the Crown. With 18th, the Limousin, under the wise one? administration of the intendants (did Orsay, Turn, and especially Turbot), saw developing them? famous porcelain factories. Was the department form in 1790 by? meeting in the high Limousin of fractions of the low Walk, Berry and Poitou. ? Since 19th, High-Vienna directs its activity towards industry.

Geography

Situee at the court of France, of the Massif Central, the Paris basin and of? Basin Aquitaine, High-Vienna is an area of old grounds to the relief erodes. ? Constituted crystalline rocks (granite) it presents the aspect of a plate? mamelonne with the round summits, inclines south-east in the North-West. The culminating point? and the principal tops are locate in the solid mass of Eymoutiers at the south-east of? department. The mounts of Ambazac and Fair dominate the plate of Limoges. ? rivers and brooks, tributaries for the majority of the basin of the Loire by Vienna? and Gartempe, cut out deep valleys. Are the ponds numerous but? majority of the modest time of size. Is the climate, of type mountain and oceanic? hard and rainy: rigorous winters, hot summers, rainy spring and autumns. ? is culture of cereals, the plants fourrageres and potatoes largely? spread, but it is the breeding which dominates the agricultural economics. Enamels? do porcelain, the glove factory and the shoe constitute the principal sectors of? industry; do the metallurgy and food industry also occupy a place? important. The basement is rich in invaluable stones and granite.

Arts

Does prehistory have draws up in the high Limousin a great number of megaliths, dolmens? raised stones or cromlechs. On the other hand there remains only little of vestiges of? Roman occupation. The Romanesque art is very largely represents; it has profits from? the influence of the close provinces (Auvergne, Perigord, Poitou) and of the contributions? hispano-Arabic due to the pilgrims of Compostelle. Its characteristics are: one? does massive bell-tower have square stock and gable, a multifoil gate, cupolas on? horns. The use of the immutable granite has involves a great sobriety in the decoration. ? St-Leonard, Chalard, Chateauponsac, Dorat, Eymoutiers, Solignac and St-Junien? count among the most representative buildings of the Limousin novel. The cathedral? Does St-Etienne, the churches St-Pierre-of-Queyroix and St-Michel-of-Lions have Limoges are? chiefs-d'?uvre of the Gothic art. Did the Rebirth see the stone importation? limestone utilisee for the sculpture. Is the civil architecture and military representee by? imposing feudal ruins (Chalus, Montbrun, St-Yrieix, Lastours, Castle? Chervix, Chalusset), of superb keeps loads of history, beautiful units? strengthen, as well as beautiful traditional residences and old houses has sides of? wood. Do the workshops limousins have, as of the 12th product of the enamels champleves or? painted which reaches to perfection; do the churches limousines have treasures and? relics which give place every seven years has a typical religious demonstration?: ostensions.? Does the discovery of the kaolin have involves with the 18th development of the porcelain which? has gives birth has a production of a great artistic quality. The tradition of? is porcelain and of enamels perpetuee until our days and the traditional craft industry? remain very long-lived.

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