Former convent of the Ursulines or former college, French Heritage monument to Eymoutiers
In 1776, the Ursulines of Eymoutiers were thirty profess and of seven converse. The municipal college occupies their old convent today.
The college founds in 1777, is established in a house given to the city for this use.
In 1833, the college was transfers in the buildings which it occupies today, and which were built in 1683, for a convent of Ursulines.
A former student of the college of Eymoutiers in made gift at the city, in the condition that they would be only affect has a college, and would make return to the donee or has his heirs in the case or this assignment would come has to cease.
- Total surface area 997 m ?
- Built surface 342 m ?
- Free surface 655 m ?
History with the revolution
It was a quite necessary work which was supported by several families of the parish, but which one owes the foundation has Mr. of Bachellerie-of-Theil, cure of this city and has Mr. Pierre of Bachellerie, priest of the Mission, former prior of Nontron, deceased has Limoges on November 17, 1780. The newspaper of the time says to us of this last: '' Mr. Bachellerie was born has Eymoutiers in 1700, of a honourable family. It was equipped early with a canonicat in its fatherland, and during approximately thirty years, it fills of them the duties with the most scrupulous regularity. Ignite noble desire to devote its talents to the instruction of these coarse men, but infinitely useful, who populate and fertilize our campaigns, it left its emolument to enter the community of the priests of the seminar of the Mission of Limoges. Admitted in this company of men modest, hard, only occupy has to spread the lights of the religion and the taste of the virtue, it was characterized soon by its zeal, its prudence and its tender piety. Charge with the temporal administration of the community, it announced its wisdom and its satisfying. The town of Eymoutiers did not have almost any resource for the education of his/her children, Mr. Bachellerie formed and carried out, two years ago, the project to establish a college there. It has contributes, more than nobody, with the equipment of this public school, which, with its successes, starts has to carry out its hopes. ''
First year, work confiee with the Richard abbot had every success. One reads indeed in the same newspaper: '' The schoolboys of the college of Eymoutiers gave publicly an account of their work on August 9 and 11, 1779 etc One was all the more surprised to find them however well prepare, that the college lately founds by the benevolence of some good patriots, was attends a little late. Moreover, the schoolboys are present only successively, and the excellent Masters, who are with the head of this establishment sonl only two, Misters Richard and Laserve. The success of raised makes their praise. ''
The college of Eymoutiers was always flourishing under its direction when the revolution and the persecution commencerent which were to destroy it. After the civil constitution of the clergy had been votee by Tassemhlee on July 12, 1790 and sanctionnee next on August 24, it rejected it as the other canons did it and refused the schismatic oath which she asked. The chapter was removes a little later and consequently Mr. Richard contained himself only in his functions of the main thing of the college.
On July 24, 1792, the directory of the department of High-Vienna published a decree of which here the article 1st:
'' All the priests or ecclesiastics above or public civils servant who do not have yet lends the oath prescribed by the decree of November 27, 1790, or which has retracts it, will be held to move away, three days after the publication of this decree, to know the insermentes and those which have retracts their oath, of eight miles of the place or they exerted or exert still their public office. ''
The registers of the departmental administration teach us that on August 10, 1792, Richard, load of the preceplorale of the town of Eymoutiers, according to the decree of July 27 he asks whether east obliges to move away from his residence; adding that he is not public servant, he is not remunerates by the nation. One answers him to remain there until his replacement.
A little later, on September 17, it still petitions saying that '' it fears to be included amongst the public civils servant because of the preceplorale of Eymoutiers. - It is answered him that not, that it is not obliges with the oath. ''
But all that were only atermoiments; one knew how much the inhabitants Eymoutiers and all region were to him fasteners, one knew that his departure would be the ruin of the college, one sought has to temporize. In October the faithful priests who were not expatriates started has to fill the prisons with Limoges, the persecutors could not suffer only one priest such as the canon Richard restat in freedom. He will say itself to us, in a poetry patoise, how much it was unhappy to leave Eymoutiers or it had all sympathies.
Imprison with the Rule, thanks to its old, it had then more than 60 years, it could avoid the maritime deportation, but it was condemns to the perpetual prison. While it underwent this unjust detention, it had the pain to learn that Mr. Esmoingt, cure of Eymoutiers, in the intimacy of which it had lived many years, had confession the faith on the scaffold of the place of Fraternity, on November 14, 1793, execution followed shortly after of that of seven other priests, its friends, and almost all the surroundings of Eymoutiers.
He as saw leaving for Rochefort the many faithful priests as their old did not exempt deportation with seas, and who since many month shared with him all the sufferings of their detention to the Rule.
For him, the persecutors stripped it of all. According to the spirit of the law, he had died civilly and the Nation seized all that he had. On May 1, 1793, she wants to sell a house that it had has Limoges. Then Mr. Baignol, contractor comes to claim the price of repairs that it made there in 1787. The citizen Leonard Cadet claims also the price of the supplies which it made with the college of Eymoutiers while Mr. Richard was principal. Finally the departmental records say to us that the house that it had street of Combes, has Limoges, was sold with the profit of the Nation, the 16 pluviose year III (February 4, 1795).
After the death of Robespierre, lorque the survivors of the maritime deportation returned has Limoges, in the first months of 1795, the priests who had been condemn to the perpetual prison were also temporarily freed. The Richard abbot says to us, in a poetry patoise, which it found then a place, or it spent these a few months of freedom has to teach Latin. Moreover here a letter which he addressed, on March 20, 1795, has an old nun, '' the Gonaud citizen, of present has Feuillade, close Gorre '', which gives precise details on this part of its life:
'' I was so much obsesses by ten or twelve houses which have had me greenhouse of near for two months, to engage me has to go on their premises, that I have think of turning the head of it. In Eymoutiers sharp authorities, fair promisess; Saint-Leonard havehas, has Saint-Jouvent, has Limoges, seven or eight houses. Lastly, there is of them one which has speaks to me so much or made speak that it was necessary to succumb. I then not to go up have horse because of my infirmity. I pass to be what I am not. And I bet that one will be annoys in little time; yes one will be annoys to be load of a patraque old woman who is completely rouillee in reclusion.
The house or I go rendered secret services; those which are interests for them also returned me from there. I could not release me from so many nets. I am taken; but they will be well traps in their hope, because I do not know anything any more
As one allots has your state the quality of curious, I teach you that the house or I go is at the Guibert citizen of Beausserie. One gives me 600 pounds and the table, more than I am not worth now. Large God, that I am annoy to be able to answer does not have your desires, has those of the sizeable house which wanted to have kindness for me, like to the invitations of honest and virtuous Misters of Saint-Hood! Excuse me, plead my cause, and believe me your faithful old man ''
'' On March 20, 1795.
It has been five days that I had my freedom of Paris, but I did not leave yet, because I wanted to hold company has a poor crippled old man.
I will remain about fifteen in a cousin names Larue, merchant close Saint-Domnolet. ''
This freedom returned to the catholic priests was not long life; persecution started again before the end of the year. Under the terms of a decree of the department of High-Vienna, of the 8 brumaire year IV (October 30, 1795) they were again lock up, and this time it was with the Visitation. The Richard abbot was ecroue there the 15 brumaire (November 6, 1795). He accepted for any help a rye bread book there and half per day. It has this mode that all these sizeable old men were reduced, that one had skins of all, and who had suffered already so much.
During this new detention which was prolonged until the middle of February 1797, it still corresponded, when it on the occasion of it, with Mrs. Gonnaud, old nun of the Girls of Notre-Dame, who remained then has Rochechouart etc
- Titrate:?Bulletin of the archaeological and historical Company of the Limousin
- Author:?Ducourtieux, Paul (1846-1925)
- Author:?Archaeological and historical company of the Limousin
- Editor:?Archaeological and historical company of the Limousin (Limoges)
- Go back to edition:?1846
Crédit photo : Lumière du matin (Former convent of the Ursulines or former college, eymoutiers)
Former convent of the Ursulines or former college, « Former convent of the Ursulines or former college » is a construction of the city of Eymoutiers (France, Haute vienne). Former convent of the Ursulines or former college, French Heritage monument to Eymoutiers eymoutiers, haute vienne
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