Slope of the Mediterranean, the department of Herault extends between 43? 15 ' and 44? of latitude and between 0? 10 ' and 1? 38 ' of longitude Is.
It is separated from Gard, with the East, by Vidourle, in north, by part of the Cevennes and the Screw; from Aveyron, in the North-East, by the common chain of Larzac; from the Tarn and the Aude, in the occident, by the mountains of Espinouse and the river of Aude. It east bathes at midday by the sea.
The biggest length of the department of the west in the east, of the limits of the Tarn, towards Ferrals-lez-Mountains, has Marsillargues, is approximately 13 myriametres. Its greater width, since the borders of Gard, towards Sorbs, to the sea, has Vendres, is from approximately 8 myriametres. The length of the littoral of the Mediterranean east of 106 kilometers, the river of Aude to the pond of Mauguio.
According to the land register, its surface is of 619,800 hectares, divided as it follows:
- Arable lands 158,973
- Close 12,774
- Vines 104,464
- Wood 80,357
- Orchards, seedbeds, gardens 2,413
- Osieries, alder plantations, willow plantations 167
- Careers and mines 9
- Ponds, canals irrigation, feeding troughs 36
Place under a beautiful sky, enjoying a fresh air and salubrious, if one excludes some marshy trimmings close to the edges of the sea, Herault east in possession of a climate soft, but hotter than moderate. While establishing the altitude of Montpellier, places of Peyrou, has 52 bills of quantities above the level of the Mediterranean, the hot summer days observee was of 35? has 36? centigrades; lowest, -5? has -7?; the average of the year is 14?5, of the winter 6?, spring 14?, the summer 22?, the autumn 15?.
The extreme temperatures are, as it is seen: in summer, 35? has 36?; in winter, -5? has -7?. But, in the exceptional years, the thermometer east goes up has 40? in the shade in summer, and it is descended in winter until -12? and -15?. One counts, on average, twenty-five days of per annum cold. More the great colds usually take place of the 5 at January 20. The hot summer days is observed about on July 20. It is rare that snow does not appear in winter at least once; but it does not persist and almost always melts while falling.
The department is more frequently exposes has a long dryness than has a great moisture. If the years cigs reproduce several times of continuation, it results from it one harmful period with the sources and the vegetation. It annually falls 80 centimetres from rain, including 25 centimetres in winter, 20 in spring, 10 in summer, 25 in autumn. These numbers are the result of an average between a great number of years of observation; but, actually, the mode of the rains is, has Montpellier, excessively irregular. In 1770 it fell only 33 centimetres from water, and in 1862 it is tomb 130.
The distribution of the rains between the various months of the year is not more regular. Sometimes a whole month does not give a water drop. July always gives very-little of them. The large rains arrive indifferently in September, October, November, December or February, but, in general, towards the equinoxes or at the beginning of the winter.
The diluvial rains, those which in few hours bring an enormous quantity of water, are not rare has Montpellier; on October 11, 1862, it is tomb in six hours 22 centimetres of water.
The air is generally dry, mainly under the influence of the winds of north. It reaches a same sometimes comparable degree of dryness has that which one observes in Algeria under the influence of the wind of the desert. On the contrary, the winds between the east and the south, indicate by the name of marine winds, are very-wet; and the wind of Africa, while passing on the Mediterranean, deposits there most of its violence and of its high temperature.
Source: Topographic dictionary of the department of Herault by Eugene Thomas in 1865.
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