Ruins of the castle of brush, French Heritage monument to Chaillac

(etc) Without undertaking the separate history of each one of these strongholds, we will treat here only one of most famous and yet of the least known, of that of Brush. Brush, which is any more neither common, neither parish, nor section of one or other, Brosse, that one would vainly seek in the greatest number of our charts and our dictionaries, was city, and powerful city, having its monuments and its annals, and going at least of par with its equal, Chatelleraud, Aulnay and Thouars.

At the southern end of the district of the White (Indre), has approximately three kilometers small borough of Chaillac, far from the roads frayees, especially of the cross-pieces places by the railroads, high on a monticule escarpe the old woman tower of Brush. The worldwide is abrupt and severe, the accesses are difficult and tiring. A hamlet of a dozen houses hardly retained the name of Brush, and depends, in spite of its distance, of the parish of Chaillac. This hamlet is separated from the gross tower by a kind of probably artificial Retaliation, and forming a broad partly packed pit formerly. It is today the only practicable exit of the old castle.

The tower or keep, of a formidable aspect of the dimension of the houses, forms the head of the old enclosure. This one opens still rather well by an immense door conservee, surmontee of the recognizable armorial bearings of the house of Chauvigny-Brushes: seven rockets posees of fasce, surmontees of a lambel has six hanging.

The enclosure from which we come to speak, and who contains two roughly has three hectares encumber various remains, is about circular. The walls are intact and raised, partly surmount crenels and machicolation. The turns which supported them of distance in distance are, the ones visible, the others more or less ecroulees.

The keep which occupies north announces several stages superimpose and of surge lower considerable. Inside, it offers a broad open wound, by which it would be accessible, if the stairs were not entirely broken.

All this solid mass is of granite, as well as the base of the mountain on which the castle sat (It is remarkable that the granitic formation starts around Chaillac, and there too cease the dialect poitevin, which makes place with the language limousine. The limit of the two dialects is about that of two natures of ground).

Dimension of the enclosure opposed to the main entrance, reigns a new declivity; then the raised ground and presents a monticule higher than that or puts back the same castle. It is which an excavation recently pratiquee put has naked, under large blocks of stone, human bones undoubtedly come from the victims of the seat of 1369.

All this escarpment finishes a little further in chasms which go down in a throat, at the bottom of which curve two brooks whose junction bathes the headland of Brush. These was often indeed similar situations that the manufacturers of these military buildings former to the introduction of artillery sought.

With of the valleys, a sinuous and broken chain reproduces heights at least equal, if not higher than the hill of Brush. The ones are covered with thick undergrowth; others are formees naked rocks, or covered foams and lichens with the most picturesque colour. (The color grisatre of the cenomyces and the peltigeres dominates there with an extreme profusion.)

Some sections of wall external with the large enclosure indicate fortifications multiply, which bound like post offices advances to the principal citadel. The village was itself a populeux suburb, whose inhabitants found, in the event of attack, a refuge almost ensures in the citadel. Here what remains Brosse antique. Remainder, the castle itself has been entirely uninhabited for long years. The interior of the enclosure forms a park of cattle and a field of gardening and cultures. Some vineyards furnish also the sides with the slope. But the rocky part has preserve all its rusticity, its uncultivated and wild appearance.

Source: Bulletin of the Company of the antique dealers of the West in 1859.

Ruins of the castle of brush
Crédit photo : (Ruins of the castle of brush, chaillac)

Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

Ruins of the castle of brush, « Ruins of the castle of brush » is a construction of the city of Chaillac (France, Indre). Ruins of the castle of brush, French Heritage monument to Chaillac chaillac, indre

Location and general information

  • identifier : 62940
  • item : Vestiges du château de Brosse
  • Location of the building :
    • Indre
    • Chaillac
  • Place name : Brosse ; le Château
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 36035
  • Zip code of the municipality : 36310
  • Order in the communal list : 2
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : castle
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : remains

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 3 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 10th century
    • 11th century
    • 12th century
  • Date of protection : 1935/03/11 : inscrit MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/09/14

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other :
    • other Information : property of a private person 1992
  • Details : Château de Brosse (vestiges) : inscription par arrêté du 11 mars 1935
  • Mérimée reference : PA00097290

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

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Ruins of the castle of brush, French Heritage monument to Chaillac. Picture of Belcricri
Vestiges du château de Brosse, chaillac
Ruins of the castle of brush, French Heritage monument to Chaillac. Picture of Belcricri
Vestiges du château de Brosse, chaillac
Ruins of the castle of brush, French Heritage monument to Chaillac. Picture of Belcricri
Vestiges du château de Brosse, chaillac

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