Castle said Castle Naillac, French Heritage monument to Le blanc
'' Naillac and the White, says Mr. Grillon of the Vaults, in its note on Philibert de Naillac, are two names if get mixed up, that they merge. It had side by side perhaps there a castle of Naillac and a castle of the White. ''
The simultaneous existence of these two castles is not any doubt. They have, in any time, summer so distinct, that one always carried the name of Castle of the High-Turns or the Keep and the other that of Castle of Naillac. The first always raised of the tower of Maubergeon, has Poitiers; the second of the barons de Chateauroux. Although they were locate on the same slope, side by side, separated by a simple throat, it would be difficult to say why, all the left bank of Hollow belonging to Poitou from which it was the limit, this small portion of the slope on which the castle of Naillac rose made exception.
The lords of Naillac and their successors always have carries the title of lords of the White. So it would not have any to be concluded that the two castles and same that of Bordes always belonged to the same owner, and that Naillac were only lords of the White. Far from, the castle of the High-Turns remained during centuries a property particuliere, independent of that of Naillac, and its owners carried at the same time as they titrates it lords of the White. Thus Guenant II, before 1350, had the castle of the High-Turns and was entitled lord of Bordes in Touraine, of the Keep of the White. Guy V of Trimouille, took the same title after his marriage with the girl of Guenant which brought to him in dowry the castle of the Keep and its dependences. It is only at the sixteenth century, has one time that we could not determine, that these two properties were joined together in only one.
The name of Naillac gives to the castle of the White comes from that which its founders carried. The Hugues had borrows theirs from the borough of Naillac, locates on the limits of Walk and the Limousin, or they had a residence seigneuriale. In the division of the general information of Bourges, in twenty-four districts, this borough belonged to that of the Underground one.
This castle consists today of three bodies of buildings, built reprocesses the ones of them on the others; two of them, in the form of square towers or houses, rise at the two ends of a construction central, today without character and built on old bases. The house was used a long time as prison and by nettings out of iron which are remainders seal in the stones of the openings, it still carries the seal of a similar destination. Protect from the dimension of the river by the slope, this castle was, of the three other dimensions, surrounds by high walls flanquees of turns which circumscribed, of the remainder, an enclosure enough bornee. It had of entry only close to the church of Saint-Cyran; because the current opening and the iron grid of the dimension of the Fairground hardly do not go back but to one forty years approximately. The visitor can easily have today an idea of what was formerly the castle of Naillac, because excludes some appendices with the castle, all the walls enclosing with their turns were respect.
The castle of Naillac is the only one which was preserves; but it is far from being arrives intact to us. The body of the central home contrasts singularly with the architecture of the two houses. The openings are very of our time; as for interior repairs and distributions, everyone knows that they were made by the last owners. The house east is intact remainder. As for that of the west, one sees clearly that it was taken again above the openings of the first stage and that those of the second stage have a very modern form. The windows cintrees of the first stage are symmetrically laid out as those of the house opposes. Though farms partly, the clotheshangers remain perfectly draw above the masonry established in the embrasure.
Remainder, here the description which makes of the castle of Naillac Nicolas de Nicolai, at the sixteenth century.
'' Into icelle chastellenie (of Naillac), has there chasteau and quite tenantable house, accompagnee of bassecourt, play of paulme, well, fuye, and a garden, plus a gross square tower, uniting in inside the walls and pits of the dict chasteau, appelee the Tower of Naillac, in which has there four rooms and a storeroom; the strong whole ruins and discovered. ''
It is seen, according to this description, that Nicolas had not seen the White. Or were these pits about which he speaks? Or was this gross square tower? Dimension of midday, in the interior of the enclosure, it presents two turns: one in the east, stronger, which seems to us to date from the construction of the castle; the other, smaller, and which appears to us one time more rapprochee us. In each one of them a winding staircase circulates which leads on the various floors. Although the castle was restores and made convenient and livable by the interior distributions, however there is not hardly but the central main building which underwent great modifications; the two houses have preserve their distribution primitive. Apart from the two houses, existed other constructions which disappeared.
In those of the east the audiences were held for a long time, and of the name of Place of the Audience which carried the current fairground; in that of the west was the vault of the castle. Have reflective with the existence simultaneous and independent of the castle of the High-Turns and that of Naillac, one is door naturally has to wonder which reasons could engage Naillac has to build theirs dimensions that of HautesTours concurrently to? But one cannot deliver oneself, in this respect, that has of the conjectures, because no document enables us to answer has this question.
It is certainly not in the intention to raise power against power, because never competition, which one knows, did not emerge between the close lords. It is almost certain that when the last east is built, the first was completely deposed of its size and its importance, and that it was nothing any more but one simple property with its dependences, and all the seigneuriaux rights which were fasteners there, properties from which the owners came hardly them same touch the incomes; that Naillac, considerable family of our countries, confinee hitherto in Naillac and Gargilesse, became, by alliances or acquisitions, owners in our locality; and that the beauties of the site engagerent them has to build a residence there on the slope of the White. By remembering ignorance in which the characters of these times lived, one would be mistaken coarsely if one induced of it an absolute lack of taste and a complete insensitivity to the beauty of the landscapes, with the magnificence in the prospects.
The choice of the sites makes by the first lords to sit their feudal residences, would be to attest that ignorance forever does not remove the feeling of beautiful to them. Naillac, of the remainder, were not ordinary men, a rather great number of the members of this family have occupies the most raised employment.
Philibert de Naillac is one of the beautiful figures of our history. We should not thus only astonish us, striking of the delicious table which is held under the eyes the top of the slope City-High of the White, one of them chose to establish its residence there. It is not more, indeed, as has Chateaubrun, of which they were the lords; it is not any more, say I, this rough nature, herissee of rocks and coupee of ravines, nor this countryside dechiree by the torrents; this imposing sight of naked mountains whose summits are lost in the horizon, nor this widespread colour grisatre from all point of view; here, nature softened: it is a river running peacefully in a small valley between two always green banks, in the shade of the ells and the poplars; they are covered wood slopes, vines, harvests; the eye rests everywhere on green carpets, on fields in culture, the colours gently moderate of the foliage of wood. Sometimes the sight is abruptly arretee by the hills which draw and limit the small valley, sometimes the glance will be lost with far in its sinuous contours. It is top of the slope which it is necessary to go to contemplate this laughing perspective that our feather could not describe.
As for the shape of fortress given has this simple residence seigneuriale, it is not either to oppose to the close castle turn against turn, wall against wall. Let us recall that at that time least construction than a lord raised for his own stay, it always covered it form which could impose some has its vassal or make recognize its superiority and its sovereignty in the place. When all the small quarrels of lord has small landed proprietor were about terminees, and that there did not need more harrow, drawbridge and turns to defend the entry of their manors, the lords conserverent a long time still the habits of similar constructions, and continuerent has to be locked up in an appearance of fortress. Well certainly the castle of Naillac rather has the aspect of a residence seigneuriale that of a true fortress.
The history of the castle of Naillac and that of the High-Turns could not be other than that of the lords who have them successively have; to make the history of these lords, it is thus to write that of the castles, city-same and the surroundings.
Source: History of the White and its surroundings Per Constantin Gaudon in 1868.
Crédit photo : JOJO 4/9 (Castle said Castle Naillac, le blanc)
Castle said Castle Naillac, The two towers are covered pavilion roofs; they have two square floors served by stairs screw off-work; the West Tower has a basement vaulted cradle basket; (...) Castle said Castle Naillac, French Heritage monument to Le blanc le blanc, indre
The complete official record is available at Conseil régional du Centre - Service chargé de l'inventaire6, rue de la Manufacture 45000 Orléans - 02.38.78.85.21
Contributions documentaries made by visitors
Voir cette photo en grand
Description of this building by JOJO 4/9 :
Château-Naillac, vu depuis les bords de la Creuse, en ville basse du BLANC (Indre).
château fort dit château Naillac, le blanc
Description of this building by JOJO 4 9 :
Le Château-Naillac et l'église St-Cyran, en ville haute, au BLANC (Indre).
source of information: database Mérimée and contributions of Internet users.
Images shared by the contributors of the site are provided only that they are the owners of the photo. In case of violation of copyright, thank you for contacting us.
Participate in the increase of the database
The objective of the website is to preserve the collective memory heritage user intervention are offered to the community.