Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria

It was the principal sanctuary of Sequanes which populated the Jura At the time Gallo-Roman. It broke up into a sanctuary of bottom, around the Bridge of the Arches, and of a sanctuary top.

It is today one of the major Gallo-Roman sites of Franche-Comt?. One can observe vestiges of temples still there (part of the bases of the farm of the lake is consisted the foundations of a large rectangular temple, has proximity, traces of a circular temple), of a monumental fountain, swimming pools and trunks has offerings. The site was divided in three parts:

  • a zone sacree
  • an intermediate place of rest and gathering of the pilgrims
  • a balneal whole in the south along Heria

On the circumference of the lake, one notes the presence of important architectural blocks, constituting monumental units sometimes:

  • arc collapses and rolls on the slope,
  • level of sawmill perhaps re-using an ancient base.

The most strange assumptions were put forth on this sanctuary: it would have been the place of rites druidic, the hermitage of Romain saint, even that of the Carloman monk, uncle de Charlemagne, or more whimsical still - gold mines or one quotes Egyptian.

In fact, one does not know large-thing of the practical worship has Villars d' Heria.

excavations

Certain sources mention excavations financed by Louis XIV in 1698.

The excavations dirigees by L. Lerat, on the site of the Bridge of the Arches, following an intervention of rescue due to the destruction occasionnees by work of water conveyance of the Agricultural engineering, from 1958, allowed, during a score of years, to release on more than 2800 m ? a vast site sacring constitutes of a sanctuary (temple, place dallee, basin with the emergence of a source, monumental staircase, platform with the furnace bridges, connect by a trapezoidal place has a double balneal unit sacring borders of galleries).

Caption/belief

Bellonne could be reported has a Latin divinity guerriere, Bellona, one of the rare goddesses that the Gallo-Roman pamteon accomodated like marries of a Gallic divinity romanisee: Ciccolluis March.

This couple was honours in a sanctuary has Villards d' Heria around a sacree source, near the small lake of Cave, between Saint-Claude and Moirans-in-Mountain.

Gallo-Roman sanctuary
Crédit photo : (Gallo-Roman sanctuary, villards d heria)


Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

Gallo-Roman sanctuary, Confederal the Sequani sanctuary consisting of a sanctuary of the bottom, around the bridge's Arches, and a sanctuary from the top. Part of the foundations of (...) Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria villards d heria, jura

Location and general information

  • identifier : 67101
  • item : Sanctuaire gallo-romain
  • Location of the building :
    • Franche-Comté
    • Jura
    • Villards-d'Héria
  • Place name : le Lac-d'Antre
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 39561
  • Zip code of the municipality : 39260
  • Order in the communal list : 2
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : archaeological site
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • The building dates mainly from the period : Gallo-Roman
  • Date of protection : 1992/10/13 : inscrit MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/10/08

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Inscription 03 01 1992 (arrêté) annulée
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :5 parts of the building are subject to protection and are listed as follows :
    • farm
    • bedrock
    • temple
    • sawmill
    • Pagan Temple
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • property of a private person
    • owned by the 1992 municipality
  • Details : Ferme et ses environs : soubassements antiques, bief de la scierie, ensemble des blocs architecturaux, sous-sol, lac (cad. B 3, 6 à 11, 13, 14, 378, 528, 529) : inscription par arrêté du 13 octobre 1992
  • Mérimée reference : PA00102102

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

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Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria
Gallo-Roman sanctuary, French Heritage monument to Villards d heria. Picture of perrine
Sanctuaire gallo-romain, villards d heria

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