The department was creates with the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the law of December 22, 1789, starting from part of the province of Guyenne and Gascogne. More precisely, various territorial entities heritees of the Old Mode were then joined together, which confers has this administrative territory a certain heterogeneity between agricultural Chalosse, rather turned towards Bearn, and the drill closer to the Gironde.

With the oree of the contemporary time (1789-1850), the department was partly covered with moors badly drainees (on approximately 60% 70% of space have), moors which have gives its name to him paradoxically, whereas the southern fringe was made up slopes on the rich ground, cultivate and timber. This moor was maintained by burn-beating in order to provide in food the large herds with sheep (between 900 000 and 1 million animals in 1850), supervise by shepherds go up on stilts; the use of these last made it possible to achieve more easily of long distances (15 have 20 kilometers per day), while supervising the herd at long distances, because of quasi an absence of relief. Before the law of June 19, 1857 known as Law of cleansing and setting in culture of the Moors of Gascogne, the mode agropastoral east generalizes: it draws its force in the free use of communal majority. Then the systematization of the plantations of pines (exploit for their resin and their wood), accompagnee of the sale of communal during second half of the XIX E century, has completely modifies the landscape and the economy of two thirds of the department, while contributing has its fast enrichment.

In June 2006, the general advice of the Moors has expresses his will to modify the noun of the department in '' Landes of Gascogne '', denomination dependent on the regional park which would have the advantage of being more '' speaking '' for the Anglo-Saxon tourists.


The department of the Moors belongs to the Aquitaine region. It is bordering on the departments of the Gironde, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers and the Yr?n?es-Atlantiques, and is baignee by the Atlantic Ocean along a sandy dimension of 106 km bordered of high dunes (portion of the Money dimension). It is the second vastest department of Metropolitan France (after the Gironde), and it profits from the second longer littoral in metropolis.

The drill of the Moors is largest drill of France. It covered approximately 67% of the department before the Klaus storm of January 2009, in its northern part, but extended also largely on the Gironde and the Lot-et-Garonne (district of Nerac). The principal gasoline is the maritime pine.

But the drill of the Moors does not occupy all the surface. In the south of the department, beyond Adour, is Chalosse, more undulating and green country, arable land partagee between the duck and ox breedings and the culture of but, as well as the vineyard of Tursan in the East.

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