Castle, French Heritage monument to Blois

High middle ages: Barcelona residence situated on the promontory fortified
* 9th, 10th century: mention the chapel Saint-Calais and a Dungeon. 12th century: Foundation of the collegiate church Saint-Sauveur in the front court. 13th century: construction of the great Hall and the fortifications surrounding the spur
* 14th century, 15th century: constructions in the Court leaned against the wall, reconstruction of the tower and a large square screw, attributed to Charles of Orléans
* 1498, 1514: constructions of Louis XII, buildings East and South, chapel Saint Calais, Gallery of the West building, development of the gardens. 1515, 1524: constructions of François 1er, building on the Court, and then building the lodges
* 2nd half 16th century: Gallery of Catherine de Médicis, spur of the senior gardens, walkways, Pavilion of the door of the fields
* early 17th century: construction of the Grand Hall of the low by Henri IV, terrace gardens and construction of bastions West
* 1634, 1637: projects of Mansart to Gaston of Orléans, the West building, and then abandoned the project. mid 18th century: collapse of the Gallery of the lower gardens
* 1788: edict of alienation of the Castle, then processing in barracks
* the revolution: sale of gardens, destruction of the aisles. 1810: imperial decree ceding the castle to the city
* 1845, 1855: restoration of buildings of Louis XII and François Ier. 1866: restoration of the so-called States generals Hall
* 1868: restoration of the Chapel
* 1880, 1900: second restoration of the upper part of the building of François 1st, restoration of Gaston d ' Orléans wing
* 1932: construction of the grand staircase of the building Gaston d ' Orléans
* 1957: stained glass Windows in the chapel Saint Calais.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Castle

Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Castle, High middle ages: Barcelona residence situated on the promontory fortified; 9th, 10th century: mention the chapel Saint-Calais and a Dungeon. 12th century: (...) Castle, French Heritage monument to Blois blois, loir et cher

Location and general information

  • identifier : 67773
  • item : Château
  • Location of the building :
    • Centre
    • Loir-et-Cher
    • Blois
  • Address : place du Château
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 41018
  • Zip code of the municipality : 41000
  • Order in the communal list : 13
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : castle
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : restored

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 14 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • Middle Ages
    • Middle Ages
    • 13th century
    • First half 13th century
    • 15th century
    • 16th century
    • 1st quarter 16th century
    • 3rd quarter 16th century
    • 17th century
    • 2nd quarter 17th century
    • 18th century
    • 3rd quarter 18th century
    • 19th century
    • Second half 19th century
  • Years :
    • 1498
    • 1508
    • 1515
    • 1524
    • 1635
    • 1638
    • 1845
    • 1868
  • Investigation : 1988
  • Dates of protection :
    • 1840 : classé MH
    • 1886 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 1997/12/01

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 5 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • limestone
    • brick
    • ashlar
    • combination device
    • stone
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 8 different types :
    • roof with long tails
    • rump
    • pavilion roof
    • round butt
    • shed
    • conical roof
    • broken hip
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is slate
  • Other about the composition roofs : 4 modes of coverage are listed
    • ribbed vault
    • barrel vault
    • vault arc of cloister
    • cupola
  • Floors : 3 type of floors in this manual :
    • floor height
    • stage base
    • 3-storey square
  • Stairs : 7 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • spiral staircase
    • masonry
    • stairs in work-
    • staircase
    • staircase off-work
    • staircase to return
    • spiral staircase in masonry
  • Decoration of the building : 2 forms of decoration are present
    • sculpture
    • carpentry
  • Representation : 6 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • arms
    • ornamental plant
    • man
    • column
    • animal
    • superimposed orders
  • Typology : The typology consists of 4 elements
    • polychromy
    • combination device
    • brick and stone
    • black diamond brick
  • Plan :
    • Plan Type 'regular plan'

Monument and history of the place

  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas : 5 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • court
    • garden
    • fountain
    • orangery
    • chapel
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use : This building has been used in different ways over time. We know 3 successive uses. :
    • museum
    • library
    • barrack

Other

  • Other : 7 various other information are available
    • equestrian statue of louis xii
    • emblems of louis xii
    • François ier
    • Anne de bretagne
    • Claude of france
    • bust of gaston d ' Orléans
    • arms of france public property
  • Details : 1906 site classé
  • Author of the survey MH : Cosperec Annie
  • Mérimée reference : IA00141119

Men involved in this construction


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