Loire atlantique


The territory currently occupied by the Department of Loire-Inférieure, was inhabited, long before the Roman invasion, by the Namnetes tribe. This tribe was part of the armorican confederation who lived under the Republican regime. Without going back to mythological times, we can say that the Namnetes have a very ancient origin. United with the Veneti, they fought first against the Roman invasion, but they had to submit before the armies of César, and their city became an important city in the new administration. Christianity, brought in the country to the year 275 with the preaching of St. Clair, first mentions of Nantes, was sealed by the blood of the two martyrs, Donatien and Rogatien, 290.

The winner of the Visigoths, Clovis, seized the country the last emperors were powerless to keep; under his successors, after the partition of Britain, various chiefs took the title of counts, and Nantes became the capital of a County while still undergoing the Frankish domination. Felix, one of the Bishops of the city, contributed much to its prosperity. nights the invasion of the No:thmans reserved to the count of long years of devastation; Nantes was destroyed; a desert marked the location, and when Alain Barbe-Torte, winner of the pirates, wanted to give thanks to God in the Basilica of Félix, he found more that a city in ruins.

However the city arose, and Alain built a castle; She in turn undergoes the domination of the Dukes of Brittany, the King of England, Philippe Auguste that it tore the English, was almost completely burnt down in 1118, and revived during the ashes. Internal dissension, the claims of rights between the Bishop and the Lords of Châteaubriant, Ancenis, Retz, Pont-Château, weighty the country for a few years; the County of Nantes continued to stand separate from the Duchy of Brittany, and then he fought against Charles V, was submitted by Duguesclin, and finally gave to Jean V, who established his residence in Nantes. This Duke built the present Cathedral, and his successor François II, completed in 1480 the castle of Alain Barbe-Torte, where Britain fought for the last time against French influence. Francis II was the last Duke of Brittany; his daughter, Anne, married King Charles VIII in 1491, and his second wife, King Louis XII; their eldest daughter, Princess Claude, became the wife of François Ier, and in 1532, the consent of the States of the province, Brittany was definitely reunited to the France.

The wars of the Reformation weighty little country; Nantes magistrates refused to follow Charles IX in the bloody St. Bartholomew lane. Henri IV came to Nantes make the edict which regulated the political existence of the protestants. Louis XIII, Richelieu, Louis XIV visited, but almost always these Royal visits were marked by executions. The revolution, the city struggled against the Vendéens and, in 1793, Cathelineau was killed under its walls.

In the redesign of the France in 1790, the Department of Loire-Inférieure was formed with the County of Nantes which included part S of the former Kingdom.

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