Abbey La Bénisson-Dieu
In the middle of a laughing watered Valley spoke to active and boisee wooded in a picturesque way, is a group of houses from which rises the vast enclosure of the Royal Abbey of bless God, the building used as a residence for monks, and the Church y adjacent, with its roof acute, still covered with bricks of color as the arrow of its bell tower. The houses that make up this settlement are of modern construction. clean and pretty well built: a small square is made at the centre. The road or highway communication n ° 4, Charlieu in the cross of the South, through the village, which has led the establishment of a few hostels.
At these houses, in this Valley, what memories relate! Events have occurred for seven centuries, today, simple and modest town, bless God lost his power, religious lives of its product, agriculture, without worrying about the past that gave him birth.
The territory of this municipality, which is one of the sections of the municipality of Bricnon, is pretty well grown; its products are beautiful and good. The industry began to introduce to, which will likely bring an increase in the figure of its population next.
Towards the beginning of the 12th century, a man shown by his knowledge, distinguished by its virtues, based in the Valley that occupies us, solitude, retreat whose importance became great, whose power became huge. Bernard, the Court of Rome has canonised, was this illustrious man. Tradition records that St. Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux, travelling with his disciple Albéric, entered the Valley of the active, and that he could not, seeing this enchanting site, refrain from exclaim: Benedicamus Déo, fratres. This exclamation of admiration of the saint became the name of the nascent Abbey.
Bernard, in his history of Forez, describes as follows the Valley of God bless: "it is not possible to meet a place more appropriate to meditation is delighted when, to the heights of Ingrande, the eye plunges on this beautiful valley that frame of green mountains and that water several streams which go to the Loire." More nothing remains of antique in the bless-Dieu Abbey, but his sight recalls the powerful man by the genius and the word, which a word moved peoples and threw the West on the East.
He retired to this delicious retirement not in religious who renounces life to deal more thoughts mystics, but as a wise man seeking solitude and peace, the quiet needed to a troubled life.
But the desires and the exclamation of saint Bernard were not enough to raise the Abbey of God bless; the County of Forez, Guy II, came to her aid by many donations. Later the County, having given his son the Government Forez, resided at the Abbey. However, when important business demanded his presence, he went a Montbrison and everywhere where events so require. So he attended, in 1209, in Lyon, an Assembly to elect the head of the army, which had to fight the Albigensians. Guy finished his career at God bless, where his remains were buried.
Saint Bernard-visited often God bless. These visits were doubly pleasant; He included his favorite disciple, Alberic, he was appointed first Abbot, and saw its foundation to expand and consolidate it was of the order of Clairvaux.
Towards the beginning of the 17th century, the Abbey of bless God had for Abbot, Claude de Nerestang, who solicited the King and the Pope permission to swap her convent against Weiqiu, including Françoise de Nerestang was Abbess: this permission was granted to him.
When Abbess Françoise de Nerestang and her sisters came to take possession of God-bless, various body of buildings and the church fell into ruins. It took everything to rebuild, and the architecture of the 12th century gave way to that of the renaissance.
The new church was built in 1640, with luxury; the most precious marbles were used to lining the Interior. They were placed with art, also we can find throughout the stamp of elegance, which characterized the early years of that time. The single portal has retained a few remains of the architecture of the 12th century.
Note in this church, the chapel of the Virgin, which is projecting outer right side of the nave; the altar is preceded by a square-shaped dome, a graceful and enriched with frescoes of perfect conservation architecture. The altar is a beautiful work; the architect has used with talent the marbles of the Italy. The statue of the Virgin, in white marble, is richly and artistically draped. The frescoes of the low sides represent the main events of the life of the Virgin; at the bottom of these paintings are of black marble plates with the name of some benefactors of the Abbey; We note that of Humbert de Aspinellie, who died at the beginning of the 14th century.
This Chapel is named Chapel of Nerestang.
According a popular column, it would seem that one would have long kept, in the Treasury of the Abbey of bless God, a belt in silk lined with copper plates, which belonged to saint John the Evangelist; He is also told, in the archives, a procedure against a pig, who was hanged for having devoured a child.
The cloister of bless God became a particular property. It would be to be desired that it was used for any religious institution. The Church is in relatively poor condition and should arouse the concern of the Government. A diocesan search might help, and would stay a monument of a rare style in France.
Source: The France by cantons and communes by Theodore Ogier 1856.
Crédit photo : pierre bastien ((Former) Abbey, la benisson dieu)
(Former) Abbey, Towards the beginning of the 12th century, a man shown by his knowledge, distinguished by its virtues, based in the Valley that occupies us, solitude, retreat whose importance became great, whose power became huge. Bernard, the Court of Rome has canonised, was this illustrious man. Tradition records that St. Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux, travelling with his disciple Albéric, entered the Valley of the active, and that he could not, seeing this enchanting site, refrain from exclaim: Benedicamus Déo, fratres. la benisson dieu, loire
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