Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire

Mantelot and the attic site consists of two locks (one on each Bank of the Loire) remote 1020 meters, three submersible ears, unsinkable levees, three stations of water, two houses eclusieres, a suspension bridge and buildings. The two locks at Mantelot and attics (originally in anticipated three) can buy the water between the canal and the river level. They are located at 45 ° to the banks of the Loire that the waters of the river do not penetrate the sas. These can accommodate boats of 30 x 5 meters. Vary the heights of fall of the locks with the waters of the Loire: normally ships descend from the canal to the river but when waters are overabundant, the fall is reversed, that is why locks must be lined with four pairs of doors, two MITRE and in the opposite direction, in order to respond to all situations. In addition, guard doors are put in place to defend the works of the canal during periods of flooding. Three ears are the waters of the Loire towards a channel and prevent them from ramble in the bed of the River: long island Ousson spur of 500 metres tightens waters toward the right bank and directs them to the spur of Ousson. This last is 1130 meters long and guide the flow towards the Mantelot lock. Finally, the spur of Châtillon, long of 650 metres, cast off waters to the lock of the attic. These three spikes are composed of a paved platform covered with rubble and are lined with RIPRAP. A total development of 4500 meters, unsinkable levees have aims to fix the bed of the Loire in its scope on the crossing and provide a location for towpaths in periods of high water. Three water stations allow boats departing parking when they can make the crossing immediately. On the left bank, Mantelot station could accommodate up to 150 boats. The attic on the right bank railway station is much less extensive because the traffic was less important in the sense Briare/Digoin. Finally, the Rabuteloires station upstream Mantelot station probably was carried out more late to overcome the failure of the latter. Two eclusieres Mantelot homes and attics are rigorously identical and consist of a basement, a ground floor, first floor and a half-floor attic. A suspension bridge allowed the haulers to cross the Loire and facilitated the manoeuvres related to navigation. The book is composed of four bays (2 x 92 m) and 2 x 76 m and has a ramp that ensured the passage of the haulers and horses between the end of the spur of Châtillon and the deck around one of its batteries. During the second half of the 19th century, the buildings are constructed, including a bureau declaration and visa to control loading of vessels near Mantelot lock. To prevent the crossing of the towns of Nevers, cosne and charity, the canal lateral to the Loire is established on the left bank of the Loire and must, therefore, cross the River near Briare and Digoin. The latter city, a study aimed to cross the Loire lateral canal to reach the Briare canal located on the right bank of the River is entrusted in 1829 to the Chief Engineer of the Ponts and chaussées Marie-Noël Lejeune. In its report dated May 10, 1831, it offers two systems, a canal and a crossing at the river level. The level crossing system was definitively adopted in 1832. Work actually began at the end of the year 1833, administration with quick to acquire all the lands affected by the route of the canal. The construction is slowed by continuous rains and floods and diseases that spread among the workers. The passage is finally opened to navigation in July 1838 but work continues even several years, at least until 1841, to complete the structures not essential for proper navigation (eclusieres houses, suspension bridge, buildings annexes, plantations). In 1843, a Hall in framing for House boats is built Mantelot station downtown. This Hall is sold and transported by boat in Châteauneuf-sur-Loire to halle grains in 1854.A from 1881, installation of a towing service partly addressing the dangers of the crossing of Châtillon. The passage is taken until 1896, date of the opening of the new reach of Briare and the Briare Canal Bridge which replace it. The site retains some activity during a few years. Mantelot lock is a protected area on the basis of the law of 2 May 1930 (site since June 14, 1978).

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire)
Crédit photo : (site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire)


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), Mantelot and the attic site consists of two locks (one on each Bank of the Loire) remote 1020 meters, three submersible ears, unsinkable levees, three stations (...) Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire chatillon sur loire, loiret

Location and general information

  • identifier : 71320
  • item : site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire)
  • Location of the building :
    • Loiret
    • Châtillon-sur-Loire
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 45087
  • Zip code of the municipality : 45360
  • Order in the communal list : 2
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : lock
  • State :
    • current state of the monument : good condition

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 2 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 19th century
    • 2nd quarter 19th century
  • Years :
    • 1829
    • 1838
  • Investigation : 2000
  • Record Type : site classé
  • Date taken into account : 2005/06/07

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 4 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • rubble
    • brick
    • ashlar
    • stone
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is slate
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Building containing : canal de navigation dit canal latéral à la Loire
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • work on several common type briare
    • work on several common type Châtillon-sur-loire public property
  • Author of the survey MH : Mauret-Cribellier Valérie
  • Mérimée reference : IA45000917

The complete official record is available at Conseil régional du Centre - Service chargé de l'inventaire6, rue de la Manufacture 45000 Orléans - 02.38.78.85.21

Men involved in this construction

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

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Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Contact contributor with his mail for more information.

Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire
Site of lock Mantelot and attic (canal latéral à la Loire), French Heritage monument to Chatillon sur loire. Picture of Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies
site d'écluse de Mantelot et des Combles (canal latéral à la Loire), chatillon sur loire

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