The Manche is part of the Basse-Normandie region. It is bordered by the departments of Calvados, Orne, Mayenne and Ille-et-Vilaine. Including the peninsula of Cotentin, the Department is bathed by the Manche on the west facade, as well as to the North and Northeast on 350 km of coastline.

By geology, the Department relates to the armorican Massif. La Mancha is divided into soils, mainly built in the Norman bocage. Examples from the Northwest to Southeast the Hague, du val de Saire, the Valognes bocage, the Plain, Coutançais, the Saint-Lois and the Avranchin.

The population is predominantly rural. Outside built-up areas cherbourgeoise and Saint-Loise, the territory is mesh of small towns and big shopping villages.


Before the Roman invasion, the territory now occupied by the département of Manche, was part of Armorica and was inhabited by the Unelli and the Abrincatui. Populations of this thriving region rebelled against César and were submitted after the defeat of their leader Viridovix. During the reign of the Frankish Kings, this country was delivered to the plundering of the Normans, and Charlemagne was forced to raise the castle of Saint-Lô, to protect it, but neither he, nor his son could not chase these pirates, who continued their depredations until the beginning of the 10th century.

It was Rollo, first Duke of Normandy, who definitely had the Normans; under his administration the province prospered, but during the reign of his son William, the inhabitants of the Cotentin revolted and were severely punished by their revolt. The history of the Department then merges with that of the entire province. The Cotentin provides the conquest of Sicily these sons of Tancred, daring and romantic heroes that we think legendary.

In 1202, the country came under the domination of the Kings of France; during the reign of Philippe de Valois, Édouard IV there led the English to his suite; wars were long and violent, and ended to the advantage of the French until the mid 15th century. One hundred years later, the religious struggles ensanglantèrent the country delivered to reprisals by the Montgomery protestant and Catholic Matignon. In the 17th century, poverty, the exaggeration of the taxes, the injustice of people of the King provoked the insurrection of the bare-feet; colonel Gassion marched on Avranches, and repression was terrible. The revocation of the edict of Nantes was a fatal blow to the country's prosperity, and the protestants, the most skilled industrial of the Cotentin peninsula and the Avranchin, emigrated in England and Holland. Since that time, this land was disturbed by the invasion of the vendéen troops, who were driven back by Granville.

At the time where the territorial circumscription of the France was rebuilt, in 1790, in the Manche Department formed the Cotentin, in the North, and the Avranchin, South

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