cathédrale Saint-Etienne

The Cathedral is built in so-called limestone stone stone Faloise and Savonnières. Its plan is cruciform. Nave of nine bays with central ship and collateral simple, without side chapel. Central span of the west facade pierced with a rose and completed by an arched pediment, Windows-style Renaissance. Nave and aisles very openwork by three levels of arrays of radiating style. The great arcades are based on cylindrical columns. Romanesque crypt half-buried under the choir. Wall of the aisles adorned with blind arches. Two levels of flying buttresses, supported against pinnacles topped abutments. The portal of the North arm of the transept is housed under a porch, with a gable. Apse supported by buttresses except at the level of the towers where the flying buttresses. The North Tower is composed of four levels of bays gemelled at two levels. Vault of the choir of complex type decorated by a large rose window. Other ogival vaults. The crypt is vaulted Ridge in part Romanesque and cradle in the modern part. Nave covered with a roof long half-timbered. The North arm of the transept is covered with a roof long half-timbered and a rump. North Tower covered with a Pavilion roof. South arm covered with a roof long half-timbered gable discovered. South Tower covered with a Pavilion roof. Five sided apse covered with a roof long sections and a polygonal rump. Radiating chapels polygonal roof. Slate roofing. first years of the 12th century: beginning of the construction of the present Cathedral. The first monument, there is the crypt, the North Tower and the lower parts of the two arms of the transept. 1237: completion of the apse. 1261: completion of the transept and the last three bays of the nave. 1285-1303: construction of the ambulatory and three chapels. 1470-1475: addition of a Bay of nave. 1491-1505: construction of two other spans of the nave. 1520: construction of an arrow on the North Tower, which peaked at 80 m. 1627: gift of the Geoffroy Canon to the factory of 40000 books that allow the construction of the first two bays of the nave and the west facade, probably prompted by the Parisian architect MD between 1628-1634. 1668: the lightning fell to the arrow of the North Tower, who swooped on the apse and collapse the vault. The ensuing recovery underpinned by four batteries of the apse. The revolution: abolition of the diocese and transformation into a stable, sculptures hammered portals North and West, almost total destruction of the furniture. 1842-1846: reconstruction according to the plans of the Diocesan architect of Granrut, of the facade of the South arm, in harmony with that of the North, as well as of two spans, due to their deterioration due to the fire in 1668. 1881-1882: construction of the sacristy, in a neo-Gothic style according to the plans of Ouradou, architect of Historic Monuments. Late 20th s.: consolidation of the foundations of the western façade.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

St. Stephan's Cathedral
Crédit photo : (St. Stephan's Cathedral, chalons en champagne)


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

St. Stephan's Cathedral, Patrimoine classé ou inscrit dit 'cathédrale Saint-Etienne' à chalons en champagne (marne 51000). chalons en champagne, marne

Location and general information

  • identifier : 81683
  • item : cathédrale Saint-Etienne
  • Location of the building :
    • Champagne-Ardenne
    • Marne
    • Châlons-en-Champagne
  • Address : place Saint-Etienne
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 51108
  • Zip code of the municipality : 51000
  • Order in the communal list : 58
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : cathedral
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Years :
    • 1237
    • 1261
    • 1285
    • 1470
    • 1491
    • 1520
    • 1628
    • 1842
    • 1881
  • Investigation : 2001
  • Date of protection : 1862 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 2004/05/06

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 3 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • limestone
    • ashlar
    • stone
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 8 different types :
    • rump
    • pavilion roof
    • polygonal hipped
    • gable roof
    • pinion discovered
    • polygonal roof
    • pinion
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is slate
  • Other about the composition roofs : 3 modes of coverage are listed
    • ribbed vault
    • vault
    • vault complex type
  • Floors :
    • floor type : 3 vessels
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • The decor consists of 'sculpture'
  • Representation : 3 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • ornamental plant
    • architectural ornament
    • featured ornament
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • Plan Type 'Latin cross plan'

Monument and history of the place

  • Building containing : ensemble cathédral
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 4 various other information are available
    • gargoyles sculpted into the shape of men
    • animals or monsters
    • different from the others. west facade decorated with Corinthian columns and pilasters
    • of draped with heads of Angel and leather cut around the rose. property of the State
  • Involved in the work : Geoffroy Claude (donateur)
  • Details : La cathédrale a été classée en 1862.
  • Authors of the survey MH :
    • Bonnet Claire
    • Miguel Sandra
  • Mérimée reference : IA51000382

The complete official record is available at Conseil régional de Champagne-Ardenne - Service chargé de l'inventaire3, rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine 51037 Châlons-en-Champagne - 03.26.70.36.81

Men involved in this construction

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

Photo de Lomyre est l'image principale de cette notice.

Voir cette photo en grand

Contact contributor with his mail for more information.


source of information: database Mérimée and contributions of Internet users.
Images shared by the contributors of the site are provided only that they are the owners of the photo. In case of violation of copyright, thank you for contacting us.

Participate in the increase of the database

You have "old photos" of the monument or recent, you know this monument and want to share your photos, knowledge, stories about him, click here.

The objective of the website is to preserve the collective memory heritage user intervention are offered to the community.