The Meuse is one of the four French departments of the Lorraine Area. This department owes its name with the river which crosses it south to north, the Meuse.
Its prefecture is Bar-le-Duc. Its two sub-prefectures are Commercy in the south and Verdun in the center. INSEE and the Post office allot code 55 to him.
The Meuse belongs to the Lorraine area. It is bordering on the departments of the Ardennes, of the Marne, of Haute-Marne, of the Vosges and Meurthe-et-Moselle, as well as Belgium.
The important cities are: Verdun, Bar-le-Duc, Commercy, Saint-Mihiel, Ligny-in-Barrois, Tin, Montmedy, Stenay and Revigny-on-Ornain.
The rivers are: the Meuse, the Surface, Chiers, Ornain, Saulx, Barley, the Onion, Vaise, the Flowering ash and Aisne whose source is in the department.
The '' dimensions of Meuse '', cuestas in edge Is Paris basin, are the form of the relief most characteristic of the department. The faces, well drain, are favorable to the culture of the fruit trees, particularly of the mirabelle plums, and formerly of the vine. The reverse, plate calcareous with the valleys well marquees, is today entirely occupies by cultures cerealieres.
These dimensions dominate the plain of Woevre, area to the clay soil and marshy.
The Meuse is one of the 83 departments create with the French Revolution, from the most Western part of the province of Lorraine. This department almost does not have varies within its limits since its creation. One can however quote the case of the small commune of Han-in front of-Pierrepont, which was detachee in 1997 to be rattachee at the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle.
During the war of 1870, the west of the department was the theatre of the operations which led to the defeat of Sedan. On the troop movements having the battle precedes by Sedan and, more generally on the war of 1870 in Argonne meusienne and the German occupation which followed, to see: Daniel HOCHEDEZ, the Franco-German war and the occupation in Argonne (1870-1873), Re-examined Horizons of Argonne, publication of the Center of studies argonnais, n? 87, June 2010.
The Meuse was one of the principal theatres of combat of the First World War, particularly has Verdun in 1916 (battles of Verdun). After the armistice, the damage was such as 20 000 ha of grounds were consider Red zone (after-effects of war) in this only department during the first evaluations. The law of April 24, 1923 defines finally 15 000 ha of surfaces which were the object of expropriation and classification out of drill of war, or the after-effects of the combat (craters) are still very visible.
latest Department notices
Chapelle Saint-Nicolas of the family de Reumont, French Heritage monument to Montmedy 5
The old church of Fresnois, erected in 1699 (date range), was in ... the cemetery. It remains that this Chapel, which is the burial place of the members of the (...) Chapelle Saint-Nicolas of the family de Reumont, French Heritage monument to Montmedy
Pierson Religious Art factory to Vaucouleurs
In 1860, Martin Pierson moved to Vaucouleurs and opened a workshop of ... statues and funerary monuments in stone. In 1865, he created the institut catholique de Vaucouleurs to produce religious statues in stone, plaster, Terra cotta and cast iron. After the war of 1870, he resumed his affair with the Demoisson sculptor and the painter Alphonse Bentz and Metz who have opted for the France workers.
Garden and castle of Hatton-Châtel to Vigneulles-les-Hattonchat
Fortified site of the high middle ages, ruined by the fighting in ... 1918. Completely rebuilt from 1923 to 1928 by Henri Jacquelin, born Norman architect of Évreux (Eure), that achieves the ultimate Castle "troubadour" of Lorraine, a pastiche which incorporates some remains of the 11th century. The whole was funded by an American benefactor, Miss Belle Skinner.
Parish Church Saint blessed Saintin, French Heritage monument to Mogeville 3
Church rebuilt in the 2nd half 19th century: choir and nave in ... 1865, round tower and gate in 1880 (source dating). Destroyed during the war of 1914-1918, (...) Parish Church Saint blessed Saintin, French Heritage monument to Mogeville
Military Site barracks of la Houssaye barracks, French Heritage monument to Montmedy 3
Barracks infantry then Cavalry unknown the date of construction, perhaps of the ... 1st half of the 19th century, burned down on November 8, (...) Military Site barracks of la Houssaye barracks, French Heritage monument to Montmedy
Parish Church of Saint John Baptist beheading, French Heritage monument to Dieue sur meuse 14
« Parish Church of Saint John Baptist beheading » is a construction ... of the city of Dieue sur meuse (France, Meuse). Parish Church of Saint John Baptist beheading, French Heritage monument to Dieue sur meuse
Monument of the Point X, French Heritage monument to Combres sous les cotes 4
Memorial of point X on the posterior two inscriptions: the first on ... the front: those who have no grave, the second engraved on a plate: A our brothers of arms (...) Monument of the Point X, French Heritage monument to Combres sous les cotes
Monument of the cock, French Heritage monument to Combres sous les cotes 3
Monument erected in the 2nd quarter 20th century memory of the 12th ... division soldiers who died at the battle of the Eparges by statuary Lefèvre Klein, of Reims. (...) Monument of the cock, French Heritage monument to Combres sous les cotes
Monument of the 106th Infantry Regiment, said ghosts of 106th RI, French Heritage monument to Les eparges 4
Monument to the soldiers of the 106th R.I died in 1916 high ... in 1935 by Maxime Real del Sarte and Georges Ricome. Gate monument, side, registration: I think and (...) Monument of the 106th Infantry Regiment, said ghosts of 106th RI, French Heritage monument to Les eparges
Monument of engineering, French Heritage monument to Les eparges 5
Monument to the glory of the engineering, bears the inscription: erected by ... the SECTION of METZ from the mutual of the former Engineering and communications in (...) Monument of engineering, French Heritage monument to Les eparges
Chapel Notre-Dame-de-Checourt, French Heritage monument to Dainville bertheleville 11
Old Hermitage and goal of pilgrimage with 16th century chapel; replacing a ... primitive building from the 13th century; sold as a national asset in 1794; made to (...) Chapel Notre-Dame-de-Checourt, French Heritage monument to Dainville bertheleville
Fortification of agglomeration, French Heritage monument to Montmedy 52
Montmédy-down has existed since the 13th century. In the 16th century on ... the makes flood that the Citadel is more easily challengeable. In 1681 (dating by (...) Fortification of agglomeration, French Heritage monument to Montmedy