Meuse

The Meuse is one of the four French departments of the Lorraine Area. This department owes its name with the river which crosses it south to north, the Meuse.

Its prefecture is Bar-le-Duc. Its two sub-prefectures are Commercy in the south and Verdun in the center. INSEE and the Post office allot code 55 to him.

Geography

The Meuse belongs to the Lorraine area. It is bordering on the departments of the Ardennes, of the Marne, of Haute-Marne, of the Vosges and Meurthe-et-Moselle, as well as Belgium.

The important cities are: Verdun, Bar-le-Duc, Commercy, Saint-Mihiel, Ligny-in-Barrois, Tin, Montmedy, Stenay and Revigny-on-Ornain.

The rivers are: the Meuse, the Surface, Chiers, Ornain, Saulx, Barley, the Onion, Vaise, the Flowering ash and Aisne whose source is in the department.

The '' dimensions of Meuse '', cuestas in edge Is Paris basin, are the form of the relief most characteristic of the department. The faces, well drain, are favorable to the culture of the fruit trees, particularly of the mirabelle plums, and formerly of the vine. The reverse, plate calcareous with the valleys well marquees, is today entirely occupies by cultures cerealieres.

These dimensions dominate the plain of Woevre, area to the clay soil and marshy.

History

The Meuse is one of the 83 departments create with the French Revolution, from the most Western part of the province of Lorraine. This department almost does not have varies within its limits since its creation. One can however quote the case of the small commune of Han-in front of-Pierrepont, which was detachee in 1997 to be rattachee at the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle.

During the war of 1870, the west of the department was the theatre of the operations which led to the defeat of Sedan. On the troop movements having the battle precedes by Sedan and, more generally on the war of 1870 in Argonne meusienne and the German occupation which followed, to see: Daniel HOCHEDEZ, the Franco-German war and the occupation in Argonne (1870-1873), Re-examined Horizons of Argonne, publication of the Center of studies argonnais, n? 87, June 2010.

The Meuse was one of the principal theatres of combat of the First World War, particularly has Verdun in 1916 (battles of Verdun). After the armistice, the damage was such as 20 000 ha of grounds were consider Red zone (after-effects of war) in this only department during the first evaluations. The law of April 24, 1923 defines finally 15 000 ha of surfaces which were the object of expropriation and classification out of drill of war, or the after-effects of the combat (craters) are still very visible.

Source: Wikipedia.

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