Chapel, French Heritage monument to Melrand

The Chapel is built in granite stone. It adopts a polygonal elongated plan covered a broken hip roof. The single nave is covered by a vault in cradle and sections cut at the ends, paneled and painted. A campanile of frame, double-storey, dominates the center of the roof. The sacristy on floor, rectangular in plan, extends the bedside East. It is covered with a simple hip roof. Its role is also to stabilize the chapel built on sloping ground. The oratory, said scala-santa, is housed in the slope of the Hill, South-West of the chapel. The construction is made of rubble and stones of granite. Retaining walls form two-storey terraces served laterally by wider stairways of stone. In each end of the wall of the second terrace, a fountain was built in stone. On the upper terrace is stone oratory served by side, ramp-on-ramp stairs to two straight volleys. The oratory, square, is covered with a Pavilion roof. Its opening is between two square pillars. The vallon de la Sarre houses at the foot of a hill, the chapel of the Guelhouit and its altar known as the scala-santa. There are honors both Notre Dame and saint Isidore whose patronage seems to have predominated. The Chapel is built of the time of the Abbot Julien Marouil in 1683 (date range on the west facade), on the site of an ancient sanctuary dedicated to our Lady of the Guelhouit (our Lady of the Hermitage of the wood). The cult of saint Isidore spreads very quickly in the Breton countryside in the 17th century. The sanctuary of the Guelhouit is the seat of a confraternity named who enjoyed indulgences granted by Pope Clement XIV in 1671. The popularity of the saint and the benefit of indulgences explained the construction, in 1683, a larger than the original sanctuary. A sacristy is added to the East, extending from the bedside, in the 2nd quarter of the 18th century. Initiation of porch, visible to the South, reported the initial location planned for the sacristy. The attendance of the pardons celebrated in honor of Mary and saint Isidore is very important in the 19th century. The chapel became inadequate for the influx of pilgrims, the Abbé Constant is Daniel build, in 1885, a sanctuary of outdoor said scala-santa. The Parisian architect Douillard, responsible of the project, landscape the slope of the Hill several terraces served by degrees and dominated by a chapel surrounded by two fountains of devotion dedicated to the Virgin one to saint Isidore.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France


Reported to be remarkable heritage of quality.

Structural information

Chapel, The Chapel is built in granite stone. It adopts a polygonal elongated plan covered a broken hip roof. The single nave is covered by a vault in cradle and (...) Chapel, French Heritage monument to Melrand melrand, morbihan

Location and general information

  • identifier : 90433
  • item : Chapelle
  • Location of the building :
    • Bretagne
    • Morbihan
    • Melrand
  • Place name : le Guelhouit
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 56128
  • Zip code of the municipality : 56310
  • Order in the communal list : 14
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : chapel
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • We have no information on the time of construction of this monument.
  • Years :
    • 1683
    • 1885
  • Investigation : 2000
  • Date of protection : 2003/09/01 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 2006/08/23

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials: 4 elements are used in the main structure of the building.
    • rubble
    • ashlar
    • stone
    • granite
  • Roofing : Coverage of this building is varied there are 6 different types :
    • roof with long tails
    • rump
    • pavilion roof
    • polygonal hipped
    • broken hip
    • roof
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • the main material of this building is slate
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • A mode of coverage listed 'paneling of coverage'
  • Floors : 2 type of floors in this manual :
    • 1 floor square
    • 1 vessel
  • Stairs : 5 types of stairs have been cataloged in this monument, stairs are of type :
    • distribution outside staircase
    • straight staircase
    • masonry
    • staircase bracket
    • staircase distribution
  • Decoration of the building :
    • The decor consists of 'sculpture'
  • Representation : 4 ornamental motifs have been identified
    • volute
    • virgin
    • baluster
    • Christ
  • Typology :
    • The only information on the typology 'sacristy floor.'
  • Plan :
    • Plan Type 'elongated plane'

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : La chapelle est placée dans un site très préservé. Sa construction est homogène et son plan à double abside constitue une originalité. Hormis la construction légère accolée au mur nord de la sacristie, Notre-Dame du Guelhouit n'a subi aucune altération depuis sa construction au 17e siècle. Elle compose un ensemble cultuel avec l'oratoire et les deux fontaines ainsi qu'avec le calvaire de saint Isidore situé sur le chemin de la procession, au village de Talroc'h.Un autre oratoire se trouve sur le parvis de Notre-Dame de Quelven, sur la commune de Guern.
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :
    • Any particular element of the building is subject to protection in our database.
  • Constituent areas : 3 distinct parts in the constitution of this place :
    • fountain
    • fountain of devotion
    • oratorical
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.


  • Other : 4 various other information are available
    • inside the oratory is an altar of stone and two statues of the Virgin and christ presented on consoles. the pillars of the ramps of the staircase are of square section
    • moulded in their upper part and highlighted
    • on the front
    • of a scroll pattern. public property
  • Involved in the work : Marouil Julien (commanditaire) ; Constant Daniel (commanditaire)
  • Authors of the survey MH :
    • Tanguy Judith
    • Toscer Catherine
  • Mérimée reference : IA56000354

Men involved in this construction

source of information: database Mérimée and contributions of Internet users.
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