Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny

Guérigny (Ford to fire) form a town of about 3,000 souls sitting 1 kilometres north of Nevers on both branches of the Nièvre, very-small non-navigable river. Des forges Guérigny has are designated under the name of Imperial Forges of the Chaussade.

It was only a poor village of huts covered with stubble, when Herman, Bishop of Nevers, donated, in 841, at the sixty canons of the chapter.

This country suffers even more the feudal yoke that he was located in a province sought very much longer for the facilities it offered the dominant passions, hunting and fishing, because of its industrial products. Also, saw rising on all sides of countless fortresses; were eleven on la nièvre, near Guérigny, within a radius of 8 to 10 kilometres. Seven are still standing. These manors effectively protected the forges and villages against the depredations of the hoards bribed by the political factions or religious. Such was the protective action that the castle of Villemenant was on the parish of Guérigny populations.

The land of Villemenant, moving fief of the Motte of Ourouër belonged before 1341 to Veaulce family. Jean de Veaulce, Lord of Villemenant, was a member by the nobility of the province, in 1405, Philippe-le-Hardi, Duke of Burgundy, count of Nivernais, during his joyous entry in his town of Nevers. It was he who built under Jacques Coeur, silver Cabinet of Charles VII, the old castel we admire today. Its pretty exterior facade, on which projection the elegant staircase turret, recalls the original style of the Renaissance.

The seigneury of Villemenant depended on a blast furnace, the forge of the Poelonnerie and Marcy, workshops that formed the nucleus of the great institution we serve. The descendants of Jean de Veaulce neglected not exploitation. Became, a century later, so large on the Hare around Nevers as the Burghers of this city (1560), frightened of a growing increase in the price of wood, presented a petition to the King to demolish, remove, kill all the forges in three leagues, with defence is to build others; and that will be hard to believe nowadays industrialists, the King approved their application.

The Villemenant ironworks, remote of three and a half leagues, came naturally to this odd measurement.

The property, at the end of the 16th century, changes of master; It belongs to Philippe de Lange. His son, Arnault, baron of leather and Château-Renaud, Lord of Marcy and Villemenant, master of light cavalry to the regiment of the Duke of Enghien, in 1638, at the price of 8000 Livre tournois, bought Guérigny Earth, chapter of Nevers. Immediately, he had raised at the junction of the two branches of the Nièvre, a big forge with wheels, bellows and. hydraulic hammer. The construction of this new workshop raised fiery discussions between the baron de Lange and the Lord of Bizy, owner of a forge and a blast furnace located upstream; They focused on the interpretation of the rules for the flow of water and the height to give the empellements and Weirs. And, interestingly, it was February 10, 1865, following an entente cordiale between the County of Bizy and Navy officers, that these sterile debates ceased; they had lasted for 227 years!

The expansion of plants prompted the concentration at the village of Guérigny of a sizeable working population, it took consider supplies it essential to life food. For this purpose, M. de Lange, taking advantage of its relations with the great figures of the time, obtained, in 1640, by letters patent of Louis XIV, the establishment of two fairs per year, and a weekly market.

From this period dates a new era for Guérigny. His irons are so sought-after that Colbert himself, in his notes to the marquis de Seignelay, recommends reinvestment in a special way in military arsenals. Seignelay, Minister of marine, not only followed the requirements of his father, but still transmitted them to his successors.

It was so until 1722, year where Guillaume de Lange, grandson of baron Arnault, marquis, colonel of infantry, leading to Paris with his wife, Charlotte de Puysieux, a train of Great Lord of the Regency, sold the most beautiful part of the property in order to pay its debts; He held that the Manor of Villemenant and some surrounding land.

The purchaser, Mr. Masson, Paris banker, paya des forges, land and. wood, 131,800 livres.

Source: The maritime review by french Institute of sea 1869

Royal forges of the Chandra (old)
Crédit photo : (Royal forges of the Chandra (old), guerigny)


Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

Royal forges of the Chandra (old), The seigneury of Villemenant depended on a blast furnace, the forge of the Poelonnerie and Marcy, workshops that formed the nucleus of the great institution we serve. The descendants of Jean de Veaulce neglected not exploitation. Became, a century later, so large on the Hare around Nevers as the Burghers of this city (1560), frightened of a growing increase in the price of wood, presented a petition to the King to demolish, remove, kill all the forges in three leagues, with defence is to build others guerigny, nievre

Location and general information

  • identifier : 95832
  • item : Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes)
  • Location of the building :
    • Bourgogne
    • Nièvre
    • Guérigny
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 58131
  • Zip code of the municipality : 58130
  • Order in the communal list : 3
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : forge
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction : 4 different epochs of evolution of the building.
    • 18th century
    • Second half 18th century
    • 19th century
    • 1st quarter 19th century
  • Year : 1824
  • Dates of protection :
    • 1982/10/05 : inscrit MH
    • 1991/09/13 : classé MH
    • 1991/09/13 : inscrit MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/11/26

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Projet de musée ; Présence d'une forge dès la fin du 17e siècle
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :7 parts of the building are subject to protection and are listed as follows :
    • closing
    • grid
    • manufacturing workshop
    • workshop
    • shelter
    • housing
    • ground
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other : 2 various other information are available
    • property of the municipality
    • a 1992 association property
  • Detail :
    • Ateliers subsistants (cad. AN 179, 180) : inscription par arrêté du 5 octobre 1982
    • Bâtiment à clocheton, dit les grosses Chaînes (cad. AN 180) : classement par arrêté du 13 septembre 1991
    • Logement dit des Câbles
    • bâtiment dit La Longère
    • bief
    • grilles
    • sol
    • matériel technique subsistant (cad. AN 89, 179) : inscription par arrêté du 13 septembre 1991
  • Mérimée reference : PA00112901

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

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Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny
Royal forges of the Chaussade at Guérigny. Picture of pierre bastien
Forges royales de la Chaussade (anciennes), guerigny

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