Church Notre-Dame to Lonlay l'abbaye
The Church of Lonlay is interesting in terms of its architecture and sculptures adorning the: it is also by memories historical and religious that it recalls. It is the only remnants of the ancient and famous Abbey of Lonlay, escaped the ravages of man and time. The monastery that she had seen to rise and spread by degrees in the shade of its walls, she saw disappear the last vestiges: the current buildings were indeed of ancient as their destination, religious as their name. As all the ruins, she speaks so more memory and the imagination of the traveller, that in his eyes. What is partly owes its interest and its significance to what is more.
In the middle of a fertile basin notched heart shaped and that water the houses water, rises the village of Lonlay or, as you wrote once, Long-lay, in latin Longumledum, Longiletum, Longolatum, Longolalus, Lonleyum, Lonleia, Lonlaium, Longaium. Some pavilions round or square, some shops open houses is curved ogival, or has even a trefoil arcade, look back to a time when quite remote. This town, the rest, played no role in the history of our country. His name is hardly to the disastrous days of our civil wars. It was sacked by the protestants, under the leadership of René the Héricé said Pissot, the last day of March 1574. In 1793, on 4 August, disturbances there arose on the occasion of the recruitment of the army, disorders in which found themselves compromised many locals who paid heavy fines. In contrast, n.-d. of the deserts of Lonlay Abbey had a great reputation and great importance.
This Abbey of the order of St. - Benoist, congregation of St - Maur, was located in the deanery of spent, and depended on the diocese of le Mans.
It was founded, in 1025 or 1026, by Guillaume Talvas, count of Belesme. There, it is true, in the annals of the Church of the french by Fr. Lecointe, St. - Ansegisus died in 831, bequeathed a book of annuity at a still unknown, quo nihil occurrit Longogilum monastery, said the scholar annalist: but besides that there is a slight difference between this name and the latin of Lonlay name, it is to assume that the Charter of Foundation given by Guillaume Talvas was alluding to the existence of the former monasteryIf there had been one, so unimportant that it was in the same place. However this Charter says nothing. There is more: William of Jumièges says expressly that Talvas founded the monastery at fundamentis aedificavit.
« The only way to prevent the dangers of eternal damnation, reads the preamble, it is pious alms distribution and the venerable intercession of God's elect...» This is why:
« Me, Guillaume, Lord of the province of Belesme, overwhelmed under the heavy burden of my vices, and moaning as much more painfully under the burden of my iniquities, that my resources are large, reflecting for a long time myself with the utmost care, whereby the saints and God's elect I have to use to get the healing of the wounds of my soul and operate my salvation; finding point stronger protection than that of the very-Holy Mother of God, which has engendered the same mercy, and which, as we learn it the Holy fathers, a custom to obtain forgiveness for their crimes to the culprits and snatch them from the depths of the abyss, when they use protection: in honor to the Blessed Mother of God, Marie, and the consent of my wife and my sons, namely: coots, Warin and Guillaume, we built (posuimus), our own wealth, a certain monastery, has known Abbey, in the place called Lonlay (Longiletum); has we have placed an Abbot and his obedience of the monks (monachos), which involved in night and day of prayer, interested the divine mercy for us and our ancestors. » (...).
As long as the monks of Lonlay resided in the Priory, the Church of Notre-Dame served as them temple, at that time it served as parish residents. It was in the 15th century, the inadequacy of the building became too small to hold all the population, determined the inhabitants to lay the foundations of the present nave. Pierre de Chancay, religious of Lonlay and prieur of Alençon, gave them 30 September 1475, a portion of the former garden of the Priory to build the right wing. Etienne Blosset, Abbot of Lonlay, ratified this donation 8 July 1477.
Our disastrous wars with England had depleted the town of Alençon; religious enthusiasm that had, two centuries ago, produced so many wonders, was already considerably cooled: one contented himself to rebuild the nave and they left remain the choir of the early Church.
This choir and the bell tower which overcame it us have been preserved only by very incorrect drawings and, apparently, little accurate. It seems that he was far from responding to the beauty of the rest of the building; older travelers, so foreign that they were in the study and the feeling of the architectural beauties, agree to recognize.
The Bell Tower was struck by lightning on the night of 2 to 3 August 1744 and entirely consumed. The choir suffered so it was forced to rebuild. It was small and of poor taste: he made broad and absurd. It is a Mr Parekar, engineer of the ponts et chaussées in the généralité of Alençon (may his name be here his conviction!) who drew the plan of the new building. The administration approved, people paid, and the clergy is pleased that the new choir was wider, deeper and better informed than the old!...
We said that maintenance of the choir was the responsibility of the Priory: as it was increased from 20 feet when its reconstruction, it was agreed that "part which had been extended would remain dependant of the inhabitants", and two inscriptions were placed on the pavement, the other in the middle of the vault, to indicate the point at which the inhabitants would be responsible recovery and maintenance. The entrance of the choir remained at the burden of the big decimation; these inscriptions do not otherwise designate the monks of Lonlay.
The Church of the Priory, so nothing remains today. The last arcade at the top of the side right, that its round moldings, its pillars consisting of columns grouped into beam, seem to distinguish from the rest of the building that offers angular and prismatic 15th-century mouldings served as a transition between the part of the building today existing and that has disappeared.
Source: Mémoires de la Société des antiquaires de Normandie 1841
Crédit photo : gerardgg (Church of Notre-Dame, lonlay l abbaye)
Church of Notre-Dame, The Church of Lonlay is interesting in terms of its architecture and sculptures adorning the: it is also by memories historical and religious that it recalls. It is the only remnants of the ancient and famous Abbey of Lonlay, escaped the ravages of man and time. The monastery that she had seen to rise and spread by degrees in the shade of its walls, she saw disappear the last vestiges: the current buildings were indeed of ancient as their destination, religious as their name. lonlay l abbaye, orne
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