Church of Saint-Sulpice Paris 6eme arrondissement
Located on the territory of the monastery of Saint Vincent, said Saint Germain des Prés.
What I reported above about the martyrology of Usuard kept at Saint Germain des Prés on the dedication of a church whose S. Jean-Baptiste was the first Patron and Saint Sulpice last, paved me the way for thinking that this church should be separate from the large church of the Abbey, which should however not be very distant, was located the place where built that of Saint Sulpice or the surroundings, and that it was the baptismal Church of the village of Abbey: ensure that this town had its baptistery as the city had his at Notre Dame in remote centuries. We know that by letters from the year 1297 Boy this village called Villa Sancti Germant was declared to be included in the Paris suburbs. The feeling of those who believe that it was the chapel of S. Pierre occupied today by the religious charity, which was the baptistery, seemed based on a monument too recent and too equivocal, although cited by Sauvai, to faith; the author who lived around the year 1430 making the catalogue of the dependencies of the Abbey, is explained in the following terms: In Villa Sancti Germani prope Parisios, Ecclesia Sancti Sulpitii quae is Capella Beati Petri in atrio ejusdem Villae. This text is so visibly corrupt, Dom Bouillard believed duty give another way on a manuscript of the end of the 14th century where these two places Ecclesia Sancti Sulpitii and Capella Sancti Petri are distinguished from the other.
The chapel of S. Pierre there called S. father, as yet been in Chartres, Auxerre and in many other places, and which gave its name to the street called today by corruption of the Holy fathers, had always been at the same location since it was first built, it could have been built in memory of what the Crypts of the great Church of St Germain demolished or blockedhad been under the invocation of St. Pierre. The Church of St. John the Baptist, Saint Laurent and Saint Sulpice was still also in the place where seen, and where it is known under the title of that last saint. It can only be done that for a few years it made functions curial in this Chapel of S. Pierre for a portion of the village of S. Germain, while it built the Church of Saint Sulpice, who was recently shot to death; and that is what would be inclined to believe that S. Pierre was the first Patron of the parish of Saint Sulpice.
Saint-Sulpice, drawing in graphite and brown ink wash.
The character is written in the martyrology of Usuard announced the dedication of Saint John, Saint Laurent and Saint Sulpice-10 may appearing to be of about the year 1100 or 1150, we can fix the time of the dedication at the end of the 11th century: but imperceptibly the use which is to shorten the list of Patrons of churches, will be raised to keep here the last. Although the first known priest of S. Sulpice is Radulfe who lived in 1210, under which the scope of the parish was reduced on the side of Paris on the occasion of the new city walls built by order of Philippe-Auguste, it does not follow that did there had been none previously. We see a title reported in the Breul relations where was this priest of Saint Sulpice, for the Government of his parish with the Abbey. The detail shows how things change over time.
The part of the Church of Saint Sulpice, which was shot in 1646 was the oldest: but as in remained point drawing, it is impossible to say precisely what century she was; one can only speculate as 13th century, because it was then that postage granted to the inhabitants made it the most populous borough. The nave that we saw at the beginning of the century where we was an increase that gave the reign of Francis I, and as the vault was very close and very low, this suggests that the old church had not been higher or wider. This growth I've seen since the year 1701 was quite recently in 1548, when the Bishop of Megara is blessed an altar with the permission of the Bishop of Paris.
Saint-Sulpice church next to a dwelling.
Postage which I have just mentioned had been awarded in 1247 to all those in the village of S. Germain who were serfs by Abbot Hugues Issy and by his successor, subject to certain fees, the number of which were the breads from the day after Christmas, and a fee of wine, as a large part of the territory of Saint Sulpice was vines: from where it is easy to infer that many of the inhabitants were still simple vignerons. We also read in these letters of manumission after the celebration of their marriage, and their predefined women, would continue to go to the Church of the Abbey as the matrix Church.
The religious on their side who were then in the use of exit at the Rogation Processions, went the first day at Saint Sulpice. the second day in Saint Pierre; the third day they carried themselves beyond their territory, namely to our Lady of the fields where now are the Carmelite Faubourg S. Jacques.
As early as the 14th century at the parish of Saint Sulpice had a factory, under the name of which the acts were. It made me see the copper seal, which was used to seal them, and which was found in a field in Mont-rouge in this present year 1753, S. Sulpice is represented by mitre, holding a cross, and blessing a crippled with this inscription around, with Gothic capitals: S. FABRICE STI SVLPICII EPP by.
The facade of the Church Saint-Sulpice, Jean Baptiste Lallemand 18th century drawing.
An Abbot of Saint Francisco near Amiens named Audrand has been in the parish of S. Sulpice a foundation around the year 1570. He left eight hundred pounds to marry every year eight orphan of the parish to each of which must be given fifty books; and twenty francs for four students to each of which for five years must be given one hundred floors for books and for other needs. And in recognition he imposed the obligation to celebrate at Saint Sulpice his birthday Monday in the octave of Corpus Christi. It assured me that Foundation still regarding article of girls, and all children M. le curé de Saint Sulpice sent to P. Prieur de S. Germain to sign execution of this legacy.
People buried in this church or cemetery, I limit myself to a few who are known in the Republic of letters, and which we see more d ' epitaphs, in case that there has been once. Of this number are the Abbé Bourdelot died in 1683. Of Barthélemi D'herbelot died in 1695. Etienne Baluze died in 1718. Among the famous painters, Roger de Piles and Jean Jouvenet died in 1709 and 1717.
This large church is almost finished in 1745, as it was still the top of the portal and towers to make was dedicated the same year. I do not tell the day, because has point marked it in any of the two inscriptions that have been developed to preserve the memory of this dedication and which are placed at the entrance of the Church on both sides. As it was the time of the holding of the Assembly of the clergy, the ceremony was made by twenty-one both archbishops and bishops.
Appointment to this Cure is owned by the Abbot of Saint Germain des Pres. I read on Sunday, July 7 in 1669 M. de Péréfixe Archbishop of Paris there came officer solemnly as his diocesan bishop, M. Raguier of pushed being then parish priest.
Being high on this parish some difficulties concerning the surrender of the blessed bread and the alternative quest for the poor; refusal in some houses, it was ordered by decision of Parliament of April 12, 1753, that each House would make the bread blessed in turn when in would be warned by the presentation of the chanteau, barely to be forced; and similarly on the other count.
Place Saint-Sulpice, drawing of Gobaut Gaspard (1814-1882).
The parish of Saint Sulpice includes all the faubourg S. Germain, but as the limits of this suburb are more sensitive since it relates to the city, and that the walls and the gates of Paris have been slaughtered, it is need to refer to the extent of this parish to mark its terminals on the side of the parishes of Saint SeverinSaint Côme and Saint André. First it affects to that of Saint Séverin in the street of hell where she has some close houses the Luxembourg and the same side door. It has still some to the Seminary of St. Louis. She continues her land in the upper side of the square S. Michel, then it continues in the left side of the street of the ditches of Mr. Prince down. She then rue de Touraine on both sides; in the street of les Cordeliers since the second House from the sewer, and that according to the fountain to the junction of the old ditches. Until then owned consists in the ditches of S. Germain Street, after which she four or five houses on entering the street S. André, one side than another, and then six or seven houses at the entrance to the rue Dauphine both right and left. It then extends into both sides of the rue Mazarine, and it takes passing the first three or four houses of rue Guénégaud on each side until the remains of the old walls that appear still. She continued the rue Mazarine until the College of the four Nations ends its territory inclusive. Everything that is on the side of sunset, beyond the limits which come to be designated is deemed faubourg St. Germain, and supposed to the parish of Saint Sulpice.
We know that it has only been one hundred and fifty or two hundred years that this territory has been covered various convents, hospitals, Hotels of Prince and quality people. It contains more than twenty convents or communities: three or four hospitals, three or four seminars and two Colleges.
The parish of Saint Sulpice wider as well considerable cities (not however as much as that of Saint Germain l'Auxerrois had been originally) still contained the time of Francis I, er several streets, which, though populated areas, were not yet paved. Parliament ordered 30 March 1544 pave the rue de Seine. It was only starting to pave the mounds near the door de Bussy in 1545 rue. Can be judged by there State where were all those which are more remote. Also many have they started to have names that since the Abbey of Saint Germain belonged to the Congregation of St. Maur, which gave them names of several Saints known in the order of S. Benoit.
There is a street name which none of the historians of Paris gave origin near the Seminary of St. Sulpice. It is the George Street. I found in the Treaty of the Panneterie de France by Miraumont page 412, George means the master-servant or rather master-boy of a Baker. Household made the same point in his dictionary, and he thinks that it comes from the latin, interfere with.
Source: History of the city and the diocese of Paris by Abbé Jean Lebeuf 1867.
Crédit photo : Pascal-Jean Rebillat Photographies (Saint-Sulpice church, paris 6eme arrondissement)
Saint-Sulpice church, The part of the Church of Saint Sulpice, which was shot in 1646 was the oldest: but as in remained point drawing, it is impossible to say precisely what century she was; one can only speculate she was in the 13th century. paris 6eme arrondissement, paris
Men involved in this construction
- Oppenordt gilles marie (in French) architecte
- Gamard (in French) maître de l'oeuvre
- Servandoni (in French) maître de l'oeuvre
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