Pas de calais

The Pas-de-Calais is a French department, which owes its name with the '' Pas-de-Calais '' which separated it from England (the word not comes from the word passage and means strait). Prefecture of this department which belongs to the area Nord-Pas-de-Calais east Arras. INSEE and the Post office allot code 62 to him.


The Pas-de-Calais was one of the 83 departments create with the French Revolution, on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the law of December 22, 1789. To create this department, the revolutionary mode amalgamated part of the general information of Amiens (Bolted and part of Ponthieu) with Artois reconquered on the Spaniards one century earlier and Calaisis.

The First World War

It is particularly hard in this department which is then lives by approximately 250.000 people. The men are mainly mobilize or must work with the mine. Part of the population must flee. In 1918, committees of refugees or unions of refugees exist in the zones more touchees and not-occupied, associating often Belgian and French (for example Portel has, has Berck-Beach, has Row-of-Fliers, with the Touquet-Paris-Beach, has Saint-Omer. In Boulogne-sur-Mer a Work of the free placement of the refugees was creee. In Calais, a committee of the refugees of the Pas-de-Calais cohabits with a Belgian official committee of help to the refugees. Their common interlocutor is with the Prefecture the departmental service of the refugees and that of the evacuations, as well as the departmental commission of the refugees (11 members meeting 2 times per week with the prefecture, plus a sub-commission of 3 members treating of the urgencies). The Red Cross and of many charitable works help them.
In same time (spring 1918), a service of reconstitution of the areas liberees tries to prepare the return of the population or the protection of the goods, services and people in the zones or the enemy has moves back. It is necessary to forward there of the materials, food products and furniture, which required difficult means of transport has to find.

With the signature of the armistice, the Pas-de-Calais is probably the department more devastates; Several cities whose Lens are shaven, the squares of mines are devastate and '' more than two hundred rural communes does not exist any more '' written Andre Mabille de Poncheville. The department is class with 11 others (but entirely) in red zone and he suffered from physical, psychic and environmental after-effects lasting of the decades.


The Pas-de-Calais east surrounds by the departments of North and the Sum and is coastal with the English Channel and the North Sea. This littoral frontage is one of richest of France (in terms of diversity of habitats of European interest).

  • Cities of more than 40.000 inhabitants: Arras, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Calais
  • Cities of more than 30.000 inhabitants: Lens, Lievin
  • Cities of more than 15.000 inhabitants: Plane, Berck, Bethune, Bruay-la-Buissiere, Carvin, Henin-Beaumont, Outreau, Saint-Omer.
  • Cours d' water: Authie, Canche, Ternoise, the Liana, the Judicious one, Scarpe, Deule, the Lily, Aa etc

Source: Wikipedia.

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