Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat

Effiat Castle belonged to Gilbert Antoine Coiffier-Ruzé, friend of Richelieu, Adviser to the King in 1625, and his lands were erected to a marquisate in 1627. He became Marshal of France in 1631. He designs for Effiat a vast project linking urban planning, architecture, agriculture, communication networks, military and religious framework. He plans to create a new town in the geometric trace, using great architects such as Jacques Lemercier, Clément Métezeau and the gardener of King, André Mollet to Effiat. The works were carried out in two campaigns, from 1626 to 1628 and 1630 to 1632 for the embellishment of the Castle, the construction of a church, the college of the oratory and a hospital. Upon his death, the work of the Castle were continued, but the city project was abandoned. The Castle consists of a large body of rectangular logis, terminated by two protruding pavilions on main and back sides. Wings placed in the extension of the corps de logis flanked originally two flags, but were destroyed. The Castle occupies the middle of a rectangular enclosure limited by a forming moat channel. The entrance to the courtyard is marked by a monumental gate stone preceded by a drawbridge. Opposite the entrance, building on the floor on which gives the rear façade remains a terrace in which is placed a cave flanked by stairs
* the wall is lined with niches. The facade of the Castle presents a classical order including a colossal order of Doric pilasters enclosing the ground floor and the first floor, an attic decorated with small pilasters overcomes the cornice of the colossal order. Windows were originally topped with stone mullions whose traces still exists. Pavilions and the rear façade of the same order that the façade remained unfinished, except the rear façade of the Arbour on the left. The common and the farm dates back to the second quarter of the 17th century.

Source: Ministry of Culture, France

Château D'effiat
(Château D'effiat, effiat)


Heritage listed, historical monument, or having been under investigation

Structural information

Château D'effiat, Effiat Castle belonged to Gilbert Antoine Coiffier-Ruzé, friend of Richelieu, Adviser to the King in 1625, and his lands were erected to a marquisate in 1627. (...) Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat effiat, puy de dome

Location and general information

  • identifier : 102652
  • item : Château d'Effiat
  • Location of the building :
    • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
    • Effiat
  • INSEE code of the municipality : 63143
  • Zip code of the municipality : 63260
  • Order in the communal list : 1
  • Name of the building :
    • The building is designated as follows : castle
  • State :
    • the current state of the monument is not known.

Dates and times

  • Period of construction :
    • The building dates mainly from the period : 17th century
  • Year : 1627
  • Dates of protection :
    • 1980/06/06 : inscrit MH
    • 2004/03/10 : classé MH
  • Date taken into account : 1993/08/26

Construction, architecture and style

  • Materials:
    • We do not have this information.
  • Roofing :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Materials (roofing) :
    • We do not have this information.
  • Other about the composition roofs :
    • No information on the coverage of the place.
  • Floors :
    • any information about this construction.
  • Stairs :
    • No stairs mentioned on this construction.
  • Decoration of the building :
    • No information about decoration.
  • Representation :
    • No information on the ornamentation of the place.
  • Typology :
    • No information about typology.
  • Plan :
    • We do not know the type of plan for this building.

Monument and history of the place

  • Interest of the building : Classement 16 04 1942 (château et jardins y compris les douves, la porte d'entrée, la grotte, les terrasses qui la surmontent et l'encadrement ainsi que la chapelle) (arrêté) annulé.
  • Elements protected MH (historical monument) :14 parts of the building are subject to protection and are listed as follows :
    • portal
    • elevation
    • chapel
    • interior
    • garden
    • common
    • farm
    • terrace
    • moat
    • Cave Garden
    • port
    • cave
    • stave
    • hymphée
  • Constituent areas :
    • no information.
  • Parties constituantes étudiées :
    • no information.
  • Use :
    • We do not know the different uses that have been made of this construction.

Other

  • Other :
    • other Information : property of a private person 1992
  • Picture : 3ee0433604e8edea5ce4470e46457d0a.jpg
  • Involved in the work : Coiffier Gilbert, marquis d'Effiat (commanditaire)
  • Details : Façades et les toitures du bâtiment des communs (cad. E 554) : inscription par arrêté du 6 juin 1980 - Le château ainsi que les jardins avec les douves, le portail d' entrée, le nymphée, les terrasses, la chapelle, une partie des communs et la ferme (cad. E 501 à 507, 556, 557, 1009, 1010, 1098) : classement par arrêté du 10 mars 2004
  • Mérimée reference : PA00092116

Men involved in this construction

Contributions documentaries made by visitors

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Contact contributor with his mail for more information.

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat ( Détail du Portail )

Château D'effiat, French Heritage monument to Effiat. Picture of pierre bastien
Château d'Effiat, effiat
Description of this building by pierre bastien :

Château d'Effiat 

pierre bastien says of the history of this building :

Ancienne école Royale Militaire 


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