Sarthe

Name of the Department
The Sarthe

Name of the Area
Country of the Loire

Surface
6.244 km2.

Culminating point
Solid mass of Coevrons (340 m)

Prefecture
Mans. 3 districts, 36 cantons7 376 communes.

Population
513.654 inhabitants (census 1990).

History

During was the formation of the departments in 1790, the province of Maine partagee enters? two departments of the Sarthe and Mayenne. Eastern fraction of? province, which was going to form the Sarthe, had been hitherto known under the name of top? Maine, or white Maine; one associated to him with the south a band of territory taken on the old one? Anjou and comprising the cities of the Arrow, Lude and Castle-of-Dormouse. Mans? who is reproduced on the ancient chart of Peutinuer under the name of Subdunum, was, at the time? Gallic, the capital of the tribe of Aulerques Cenomans. It had, under the occupation? Roman, to belong to the Second Lyons one and preserved. rare privilege, almost? totality of the walls and the high towers of defense of which it was going to be surrounded at the end of? the imperial era when commencerent has to break the first invasions. The high Means? Old Maine saw disputes between Normandy and Anjou, its powerful neighbors, then? to enter the field of Plantagenets, counts d' Anjou, kings d' Angleterre, of which them? will French possessions be confisquees by Philippe Auguste in 1203 on Jean without? Ground after the murder of its Arthur nephew of Brittany. Will the count of Maine be given? in won't prerogative at the house capetienne of Anjou and make final return to the crown of? France that after death, in 1481, of the duke Rene of Anjou, good king Rene. ? will department of the Sarthe be, during the Revolution, the theatre of the disorders of? chouannery: will the Vendean armies, at the end of their in addition to-Loire forwarding, essuieront? in Mans, in December 1793 a tragic defeat followed by massacres. Again in? 1871, Ies the last combat free-Prussians will take place with the doors of Mans.

Geography and nature

Locate at the borders of the Paris basin and Armorican solid mass. IE department of? Does the Sarthe east compose for half of Jurassic limestones in Saosnais and Fertois? in north and the east, for the granite and schist siluriens remainder mainly in? Charnie, of sandstone out of Champagne, Bellinois and Maine russet-red. Relief sometimes very broken. ? the solid mass of Coevrons east indicates under the name of the mancelles Alps. culminates has 340 m? out of drill of Perseigne in north, then inclines itself towards south-west. It is hollow by? valleys of the Sarthe and its affluent Huisne, the Dormouse forming the southern limit of? department. Landscape, typical of the scrap-metals of the west with its high hedges and its? do ways box, its small farms entourees of fields of apple trees, offers, in? its oriental party especially, of very important main forests. If the principal vocation? is agriculture and remains the breeding, the great diversity of the grounds allows? cultures very differenciees, fruitieres in particular.

Art and the habitat

Does the traditional habitat, very disperse because of the abundance of the water points, is? influence like everywhere by the local resources and the climate: does tiled roofs punts have? strong slope, walls out of coated ferrugineous very ochre pit sand sandstone hardcores? in russet-red Maine, schists of Sille in Charnie and stone limestones of size? in Saosnois and Champagne. In the east of the department, towards the Ferte-Bernard and? Was Saint-Calais, construction in wood half-timbering and cob a long time? prevalent; one will still meet same some roofs in shingles of? chestnut. Won't this modest construction but of large picturesque make forget? important monuments, that they are the churches of Mans, the such cathedral? Saint-Julien or the abbey one of the Seam, I' old medieval hospital of Coefort or ISCED? with its high Gallo-Roman ramparts and its home old. The splendid abbey of? Epau, with the doors of Mans (recently drawn from its abandonment), that of Solesmes, high? the spiritual of west, or still high place Gregorian chant of the monks Benedictines, it? Military academy of the Arrow (17th), the castles of architectural high-quality? like Verdelles (15th) Lude (16th-18th) and its night spectacle, Sourches? (18th), Sand (18th), etc, are some of the florets of the department.

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