Seine et marne

Name of the Department
Seine-et-Marne

Name of the Area
Ile-de-France

Surface
5.916 km2.

Culminating point
St ridges? Georges, has Rebais (215 m).

Prefecture
Melun. 3 districts. 37 cantons. 514? communes.

Population
1.078? 166 inhabitants (census 1990).

History

Does the current department include/understand places of settlement? extremely old, with in? private individual two prehistoric sites: Chelles, which has? its name gives has one time of? paleolithic, and Pincevent, site magdalenien discovered? in 1964. At the time Celtic, it? was territory divided between Parisii and Senones in the south? Meldes in extreme cases north, and this? remained until the Revolution. After the occupation? Roman, evangelization of the Brie by? were saint Hackney carriage and the foundation of abbeys factors? of civilization. The feudal time? the division of the territory between the kings accentuated of? Does France (in the south) with royal castles have? Melun and with the Fish pond, and the Champagne counts (in north? and in the east) which had? Meaux and Provins, celebrate by its fairs. Philippe it? Beautiful receipt the Champagne in 1285? but administrative division remained. Was the country? devastates by the fights between Armagnacs? and Burgundian (assassination of Jean without Fear to the bridge of? Montereau), then by? wars of religion. With 17th and 18th, the vocation? residential of the area affirmed itself? by the construction of innumerable castles, of which? was much victims of? Revolution. It is the latter which created it? department, by associating the Brie? Champagne, the Brie Frenchwoman and part of? Gatinais, thus creating an area? bivalent, without central capital and much unit? geographical. Did Napoleon make? Is Fontainebleau one of its main homes and it? still, after some? last victories has Guignes, Mormant, Nangis? Montereau that its destiny was sealed. ? 19th the birth of industry (refineries saw of? beet sugar, faience manufacture of? Montereau, glassmaking of Bagneaux, chocolate factory of? Noisiel), supported by the extension of? railroads. The First World War touched? heavily the department, which was? the theatre of the two battles of the Marne. After? considerable extension, during three? quarter centuries, of the Paris and its suburbs? reforms departmental of 1964 would have? been able to be the occasion to modify the limits of the Seine? And-Marne, but one there renonca under? pressure of town councilors. Inside the area? Ile-de-France, the department? thus a change marquee by an urbanization continues? systematic of all the part? west (new cities of Marne-the-Valley and Melun? Senart). Does its population have triple? since the beginning of the century.

Geography

Does the department belong to the central part of the Basin? Parisian, with alternation of? hard layers limestones and of sandy tender layers? or argillaceous. Limestone, it? more often covered of silt on the surface, form of? plates traversed by important? hydrographic network. The thickness of the cover of? silt, the depth to which? is the impermeable layer allow? to differentiate from the agricultural areas: Brie? Frenchwoman and her wooded field crop, Brie (between the Seine? and does the Marne), Brie laitiere (enter? The Marne and Large-Morin), area of manufacture of cheese. ? Does the landscape change in north? the Marne, with hillocks with the argillaceous slopes? (Dammartin-in-Goele) and in the south of? The Seine, with sands and sandstone of Fontainebleau, then it? scrap-metal of Gatinais. The network? hydrographic, which adds up 1.900 km of river? includes/understands the two basins of? The Marne, which receives Morin and Ourcq, and of the Seine? grown bigger of Yonne, Loing, of? the School, of Yerres, etc geological configuration? does department have there supports? formation of oil layers, in progress? of exploitation (300 000 tons in 1984).? Nature?? Although the relief is there little accentuates, the country is not? never monotonous: the soft ones? undulations, of the cheines of wooded hills (in particular? in the north of the Marne of Chelles? Dampmart has) are enough has to vary the prospects and has? to hang the sight. Country of culture? cattle-rearing area, country of drills, country of rivers? Seine-et-Marne, at least in its? does part not urbanisee, remain also an area of? villages, seen by far on the plain or? discovered. with the turning of the road, and of which accesses? are not all disfigure. ? are bell-towers, sometimes a mill, integrated harmoniously? with the landscape. Country of tourism? pedestrian, cyclist or car, with research? innumerable monuments often little? known, of sin, canoeing, hunting, with a share? laissee with the adventure: the climbing? rocks of Fontainebleau or, more modestly, it? course of the many paths? arrows through the drill.

Arts

Although prehistoric layers of Chelles and of? Are Pincevent more significant? in the field of the daily life that on that of? do art, they constitute however, with? groups Mesolithic rupestral engravings of the drill? of Fontainebleau, first? artisanal and cultural demonstrations of the area. ? Celleci having known Top? The Middle Ages the presence of the monks, the department with? chance to have preserve one? major monument pre-novel, crypts of Jouarre? vestige of the famous abbey. ? Do some ruins have the memory of those of? Chelles, of Preuilly, the Lily, these? particularly spectacular last. The old one? monastery of Cordelieres of? Does layered branches always show its clditre and its vault, and? the religious college of Juilly its. ? imposing buildings of 18th which have guard them? assignment. Romanesque art, as in? was all the Ile-de-France, submerges by the Gothic? but did not everywhere disappear and remains? often has to discover: one will find it with the churches of? Castle-Landon, Fleury-in-Beer? Does Notre-Dame of Melun and especially have Saint-Wolf-of-Naud? not meeting of two? schools. Is architecture present everywhere, and often? with churches of big class: ? Larchant, Rampillon, Donnemarie, Lagny, Brie-Count? Robert, Champeaux? Rozay-in-Brie, Crecy-laChapelle, three churches of? Layered branches and, leader, the cathedral? from Meaux, accompagnee of its quotes episcopal. Style? blazing appears has? Saint-Aspais of Melun, Dammartin-in-Goelle, Moret, It? Mesnil-Amelot; does the Rebirth have? the church of Nantouillet. Country of plains and of? did crossroads, the Seine-et-Marne see being born with? The Middle Ages a great number of strong castles and? enclosures, of which remain to us them? ramparts of Layered branches and Castle-Landon, castles? Blandy-the-Turns, Fish pond? of Montaiguillon, Sigy, Nemours, the towers of? Barn-Bleneau, the keep and them? doors of Moret, while markets of Egreville? point out the importance of the steps of? the area. But will this one be, three centuries during, one? does pleasure ground strew with one? infinity of castles. After Nantouillet (1520)? Does rebirth continue has Fontainebleau? who is, by his architecture and his decoration, in? executee part under the direction? do artists import of Italy, Primatice and Rosso? like a etincelant summary of art? from this time. Fleury-in-beer into present another? aspect, while Guermantes? shows the stages of the search for a new style? what Be worth-the-Viscount is? general repetition of Versailles, that Fields and? Do Jossigny express stamping? regency, Suisnes and Boulayes the serenity of? time of softness to live? pyramid of Maupertruis the inventive extravagance of? Ledoux. Industrial architecture? 19th is representee for a remarkable example with? factories Miller of Noisiel? while the church of Villeparisis or cities? news of Marne-the-Valley and of? Do Melun-Senart give sometimes tempting examples of? the architecture and of? the town planning of our time. It would still be necessary to speak? sculptors and glassmakers who have? works in these churches, of the various artists who have? decorates these castles, while keeping itself? to forget the painters who, at the times realistic? (Theodore Rousseau) and impressionist? (Sisley), discovered the drill of Fontainebleau, has? which some their successors? are faithful residences.

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