Tarn et garonne


The Department was formed in 1808 with detached fragments neighbouring departments. It includes portions of the Quercy, of Lomagne, rouergue, Agenais and the Toulousain and forms a border between the Languedoc and Guyenne. Populated by various Gallic tribes, it was conquered by the Romans in the 1st BC From the 5th to the 8th, he was the parade of the barbarian invaders. From the 10th to the 13th, the counts of Toulouse dominated the region, while developing the power of the Abbey of Moissac and the Viscounts of Lomagne, then their heirs, the counts of Armagnac. The region was affected by the crusade against the Albigensians. The Anglo-French wars made new toll, and by the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360, the region was subjected to the authority of the King of England, who remained until 1420. During the wars of Religion, the region had to undergo plunderings, destruction and struggles bloody. Montauban was recognized place of Calvinist safety by the edict of Nantes. Besieged unsuccessfully by the armies of Louis XIII in 1621, the city had to submit without a fight in 1629 and Richelieu made dismantling the fortifications. At the revocation of the edict of Nantes, in 1685, a series of repressive measures caused a judgment of economic development who does what in the 18th century.

Geography and nature

The Tarn-and-Garonne includes 4 distinct geographical areas. The East, between the Aveyron and the 1st part of the Rouergue: this is the domain of the causse de Limogne, limestone plateau L'aveyron cut deep gorges, where outcrop patches of the lias clay. Northwest the lower Quercy, Quercy blanc place elongated trays, as in haut Quercy, but will expand and become very fertile valleys. In the centre lies the vast alluvial plain formed by the confluence of the Garonne, Tarn and Aveyron: the richness of the soil and available terraces stage to correct exposure make it a prime agricultural area. To the Southwest, come die molassic hills of Armagnac, delimited by the course of the Gimonne and the Arrats. Climate Aquitaine type receives continental influences due to the proximity of the Massif central. the Western winds dominate, bringing some moisture; the 'autan', cold wind came from the Black Mountain is still sensitive here. the sheltered valleys receive a milder climate. The Department is mainly agricultural (fruit, vegetable and vine crops). There is no major industries, but many small industrial companies specialized. This Department has few exceptional sites, he seduced by its harmonious landscapes, farms and villages, fields and meadows. the region has been able to stay away from the hasty transformations of industrialization and uncontrolled tourism. The terraces overlooking the Garonne, Tarn and Aveyron are fields of cereals or early election. The Green and sunny in the vicinity of Moissac hillsides cover of vines and orchards. In the Quercy blanc, vast horizons to discover barren plateaus cut forests and modest crop. The hills of Lomagne are cut by countless valleys where wind streams. Laguépie and Montricoux, Aveyron is is cut wild and imposing gorges, bordered by high cliffs. Downstream, it flows in a broad alluvial plain, before flowing into the Tarn and to grow the Garonne. Garlic, truffle, liver & ras and confits are of the Tarn-et-Garonne a Mecca for gastronomy.

The arts

The vicinity of Bruniquel have prehistoric caves and megalithic monuments. Fauroux mosaic and the Gandalou camp are among the remains of the Gallo-Roman civilization. The Department has religious buildings: include interesting rural churches Romanesque art; the churches of Montauban, beautiful mont-de-Lomagne, Larrazet, Caussade, Caylus, Montech, Montpezat-de-Quercy relate to the southern Gothic single nave, apse cut half-timbered, the polygonal Tower of type similar to that of Saint-Sernin de Toulouse, Toulouse, located in Caussade, Nègrepelisse, St-Jacques de Montauban, Montricoux, Finhan. The Cathedral of Montauban is representative of the elegant classical architecture. But none of all these churches equal the Abbey of Moissac, leader-of applying novel that, through its portal with rich decor and its cloister decorated with noteworthy capitals, is undoubtedly the most beautiful monument of the Department. There is some beautiful castles of the middle ages, from the 16th, 17th and 18th century. The Tarn-and-Garonne has also remarkable architectural ensembles: bastides upright during the English, so characteristic wars with their streets at right angles and their seats covered. old cities that still has beautiful old houses. Some villages have kept their ancient, or 19th halles (Auvillar, Caylus). Montauban reported by of rich and beautiful pink brick homes, small palaces open courtyards. Found the brick in the rural architecture where it replaces the stone. The houses are covered with tiles to low slope roofs. The charm, the abundance, variety of pigeon houses enrich rural landscapes and give them a particular physiognomy.

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