Territoire de belfort

Name of the Department
Territory of Belfort

Name of the Area
Franche-Comt?

Surface
609,54 km2.

Culminating point
balloon of Alsace 1248 Mr.

Prefecture
Belfort. 1 district. 13 cantons. 100 communes.

Population
134.097 inhabitants (census 1990).

History

If the date of his formation is considered, the Territory of Belfort has a history? relatively recent, since its creation goes up has 1871, and became final only in? 1922. But it is more important to recall the history of the men who lived in this? area. Archaeology attests an occupation as of the Neolithic era (station of Cravanche). ? At the time Gallic, the area belonged to Sequanie. The installation of the German ones? with Arioviste, Cesar decided has to limit the expansion of these tribes: victory? remportee in 58 av. J. - C., marked the beginning of the romanisation of their area. ? Did the collapse of the Roman empire with 5th contribute to the installation of Burgondes? which one has finds testimonys of civilization in the necropolis of Burgundy. ? With was the victory of the Francs over Burgondes, the Territory attaches to the duchy? from Alsace. Did the draft of Mersen in 870 make pass Alsace in the share of Louis it? Germanic. With 12th and 13th, the Territory was the object of covetousnesses of the dukes of? Ferrette and of Montbeliard, which cesserent with the marriage of the girl of Renaud of? Burgundy and of Ulrich It of Ferrette. Did their oldest daughter marry Albert de Habsbourg and it? Territory passed under the Austrian domination until 1636. Louis de Champagne? did count of Suze, remove Belfort with the Imperial ones then, which constituted the last episode? disaster war Thirty year old. Did the draft of Wesphalie in 1648, devote it? final fastening of the Territory of Belfort in France. The count of Suze, having taken? was the party of the Sling, deprived of its goods which were give the cardinal of Mazarin? to which the heirs enjoyed the seigneuriaux rights on the count of Belfort, until? Revolution. At was the end of 17th, Belfort strengthens by Vauban to make a fortified town of it? able to defend the door of Burgundy and Alsace. Was the Revolution especially? marquee has Belfort by the religious crisis, which calmed down with the signature of the Legal settlement in? 1802. 19th the military vocation of the city with the two constant seats confirmed? victoriously by Legrand in 1813 and Lecourbe in 1815. Did the Restoration run up? in the area has a plot military and republican Conspiration of Belfort calls. ? Did the establishment of textile industries to the foot of the Vosges bring a development? sensitive of the economic activity. The event which marked more the end of the century was it? sits 103 days which had has to support the garrison and the population of the town of Belfort? in 1870-71. The savage resistance of the belfortains under the control of the colonel? Did Denfert-Rochereau undoubtedly contribute to the maintenance in the French inheritance of? this part of Haut-Rhin which was going to become the Territory of Belfort. Indeed, with the draft of? Did Frankfurt (May 10, 1871), part of the department of Haut-Rhin remain French, then? that Alsace was annexee by Germany. This is why do 106 communes constituerent? an administrative unit has share: the Territory of Belfort. The return of Alsace to France? in 1918 doesn't the situation of 1871 from the administrative point of view restore, because both? left Haut-Rhin had evolved/moved differently (social laws, schooling, etc). 11? March 1922 the administrator of the Territory of Belfort was names prefect; the department of? Territory of Belfort takes the 90eme place in the list of the departments; it is one of? four departments of the Franche-Comt? area.

Geography

The department is one of smallest of France: surface of 2.610 km2. Its? population is relatively important with 215 inhabitants with km2. Its relief? compose of three essential parts: in north, granitic mountains of the Vosges? who reach 1.248 m with the balloon of Alsace, precedees of sandy hills or? schistous, of which Salbert (647 m) in the North-West of Belfort; in the south, a series of? plates limestones which rise gradually towards the Swiss Jura (622 m close to? Villars-the-dryness); in the center, a kind of gutter which drains the water come from north and? south. It is which the Muddy one runs, formee by the Madeleine and St-Nicolas; ? Allaine which comes from Delle involves has its turn water of Muddy towards? does south-west, leave the Territory, takes the name of Allan, will collect towards Sochaux water? the Tasty one, river of Belfort, and joined Doubs has Montbeliard. Plates? do limestones reappear in the north of the gutter, are rectified somewhat and finish? has Belfort by hills or spurs limestones such as Miotte (453 m) and that which? dominate the old city with the castle. In the part more resserree of the door places? from Burgundy and Alsace, the Territory of Belfort thus constitutes an important crossroads: ? it is which the main roads of Paris cross has Basle, of Lyon Strasbourg has? the motorway A36, the railways of Paris has Basle and of Vintimille Strasbourg has. The part? more deprimee (329 m in the south-west of the gutter and 340 m in the North-East) is crossed? by the channel of the Rhone-with-Rhine, which will be replaces by a channel has large gauge, the channel? The Rhine-Rhone. Had the presence of old iron layers given birth to a local industry? active and famous. The fold of Alsatian industries of the annexee part in 1871 in? the sector of Haut-Rhin remains French, has stimulates the industrial expansion. Economy? belfortaine is currently marquee by important advanced technology industries? (electromechanical, electronic). Didn't the rural population reach 20% with? census of 1975, although taking account of working elements; active population? agricultural has well decreases, with 2,2% of the active population whereas it is of 8,9%? for the Franche-Comt? and 9,3% for the whole of France; but exploitations? agricultural, whose surfaces have increases by the regrouping are modernisees and? well equipees; they are devoted primarily to the dairy production.

Arts

Didn't unfavourable geographical conditions and a history troublee allow it? early development of the human activities in the area. Sporadic occupation? of does the man around Belfort, in the first centuries of our era, have leaves some? rare vestiges: does fragment of Gallo-Roman mosaic (with the museum of Belfort) find has? Bavilliers in 1969, low-relief of the same time representing a Thrace rider? find with 19th in the suburb of Belfort (museum of Colmar). The important cemetery? from does Burgundy, discovered and excavate at the beginning of 20th, provided inter alia one? together exceptional with objects of ornament and jewels richly decorate, demonstration? artistic of the time merovingienne (museum of Belfort). Do the Middle Ages have leaves three? testimonys: the church of St-Dizier-the Bishop (vestiges preromans and novels) and his? remarkable concise collection; does the church of Froidefontaine, remain of a prioress clunisien? found at the beginning of 12th (ch?ur and left the nave); the church of Bermont, of which? rebuilding with 19th has preserves the bedside and the base of the bell-tower of the Romance time. ? Did fastening in France bring a prosperity favorable to the blooming of? arts. Do end 17th, of the military engineers carry out fortifications according to? new traces of Vauban (three turns bastionnees, the door of Brisach and its bastion? works of the castle). In 18th Belfort, become fortified town, increases and grows rich? beautiful buildings: the church St-Christophe, the arsenal, the hotel Noblat, the hospital Co.-Bores. ? Artists embellish the new city: Marshal and Schuller, architects and? contractors; Valtrin, organ builder, author of large the organ of St-Christophe; ? sculptors Cupillard and Glorieux which one can admire the ?uvres in the many ones? sanctuaries; Kleber, architect of the district of Belfort, general future of? Revolution, which built in particular the church of Chevremont, bell-towers of Lariviese? and does Chatenois, the Kleber room have Belfort, etc During 19th, Belfort sees being born two? painters: Heim (1787-1865) and Dolphin (1804-1859), and two poets: Gabriel Vicar? (1848-1900) and Leon Deubel (1879-1913). After 1870, the Bartholdi sculptors and Mercie? recall, by monuments of which they have flowering ash the city, the glorious one passes military from? Belfort. At does the beginning of this century, a new expansion of Belfort have gives to? town planners, architects etartists, the occasion to express itself by embellishing the city? (district of the door of France and new public gardens), more recently, do two artists have? animate the artistic life belfortaine: the artist engraver Jean Bersier and his friend Leon? Delarbre, founder of the museum of Belfort. The cultural life currently develops: ? academy of music, school of beautiful arts, religious organizations and companies? erudite, whose company belfortaine activates it Emulation with its collective work and them? works of its members (such geography of the Territory of Belfort de Schouler and? Filbert).

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