Vendee

History

Before the Roman invasion, the currently occupied territory spoke of the Vendée Department, was inhabited, n., by the Ambiliates, and on the coast by the Agesinates who were part of the confederation of the Pictones. These various tribes saw point unfavourably the Romans entered Gaul, and even the Agesinates, bold and warlike seamen, helped César in his war against the Veneti. During the reign of Honorius, the country of the Pictones, which became the Poitou, was included in the second Aquitaine.

When the military anarchy led to the dissolution of the Roman empire, barbarian threw themselves on Gaul. In turn, Germans, Huns, the Visigoths invaded the country of Poitou. The Visigoths were in turn defeated by the Franks, and at the battle of Vouillé, who enlisted in the plains of Haut-Poitou, Clovis, King of the Franks, killed by his own hand King Alaric II. During the Merovingian period, Bas-Poitou, which especially formed the Department of Vendée remained linked to the fortune of the Duchy of Aquitaine, and it was given in sharing to Clotaire I. It is in 618, the reign of Clotaire II, he was for the first time together at the Crown.

Important facts, relating the story of Poitou, are missing from the period carlovingienne. This was near Poitiers, in Haut-Poitou, that Charles Martel defeated the Saracens, in the 8th century, and preserved Europe from Muslim invasion. Charlemagne erected this province into the County, in the middle of the 11th century. The marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine the passed under the authority of Henri II, King of England. It was reconquered by Philippe-Auguste, in 1206; Re-transferred to the English by the Treaty of Brétigny, in 1360, it only was permanently attached to the royal domain by Duguesclin, who made the conquest under Charles v. Throughout this period of struggles, as well as at the time of the wars of religion, in the 16th century, and later, during the troubles of the Fronde, and League this province escaped pretty much the evils of all kinds which désolèrent the France. It was Louis XVIII, which divided in two by-tics distinct Poitou and Fontenay became the capital of lower Poitou.

The particular history of the Vendée had, however, have a considerable impact during the revolutionary period. One hundred-forty-three communes in the Department of Vendée sided under the flag of the counter-revolution. Nationwide was wonderfully prepared for this fight by supporters, and his brush, his thicket, his bushes soon hid the most formidable shooters in the country, whose address was so fatal to the Blues. There took place the famous battles of Luzon and Montaigu. Charette commanded the royalists of the Bas-Poitou, and always refused to attack the Republicans beyond the Loire. The pacification of party suspended a moment hostilities, but they began again soon. The Convention decreed that the "Vendée no longer exist." Mobile columns were launched across the country, and the most terrible reprisals were carried out by the generals of the Republic.

HOCHE, among its most beautiful titles, certainly has that of peacemaker of the Vendée. It was he who ended this war, and it is Brown who, under the Consulate, at the beginning of 1800, brought the complete pacification of the country. In 1815, the Larochejacquelein reappeared in the country, who, in 1832, was still troubled by the insurgency that caused the presence of the Duchess of Berry.

In 1790, when the National Assembly decreed the new departmental division of France, of the Vendée Department was formed from the old Bas-Poitou. Fontenay became the seat of the administration and the capital of the Department until 1804, time at which a decree carried it to la Roche sur Yon, who took the name of Napoléon-Vendée, she wears today, after traded it against the Bourbon-Vendée during the restoration.

Geography

The Department of Vendée participates both Armorica and Aquitania. The Armorican massif relate the high bocage, in Eastern countries, characterized by the high reliefs hills of Vendée formed of crystalline rocks incised valleys cylinder - of, and to the West, the low bocage, peneplain with more softened forms. The one and the other are almost forest by tall hedges encasing rich farming grasslands.

Aquitaine more visibly belongs the plain to the South, country flat and unobstructed, to the intense light spanning the secondary sedimentary deposits. Marshes, them, were recovered on the sea: the Poitevin, South, with its magnificent pastures, on the Gulf of Poitou; Breton, to the North, salines and Pisa houses, on the Bay of Bourgneuf.

Finally the coast aligns its dunes, its long beaches, its armorican primary rocks shredded by limestone cliffs and the ocean. It enjoys a particularly mild climate and low rainfall which makes it an ideal holiday region.

Arts

Despite the destruction of 1793, the Vendée was too rich for it was nothing. And if, often, Ies structures have burned, walls, which were solid, allowed the rescue of buildings once the turmoil past.

Habitat has to stroke as his typically Aquitaine aspect: long round and pink tile roofs hérisées of the Roman empire styling with small windows, named boulites, that open below the cornice. In the marais breton, private stone building, you will love the humble bourrines built of pisé, whitewashed and covered with thatch.

Medieval times has left to Vendee a prestigious collection of Romanesque churches; to name a few: La Chaize-le-Vicomte, St-Nicolas-de-Brem, Benet, Vouvant: abbeys: the Grainetiere, Nieul-sur-the Autize, the admirable ruins Maillezais Cathedral; castles like Tiffauges, Pouzauges, Noirmoutier...

With the Renaissance, admire Apremont, Puy-du-Fou coming out now its lethargy with its magnificent night show, Newfoundland, wood-Tissandeau and its french gardens, so many others yet! 18th century: Pierre — lift to exquisite proportions, Parc-Soubise, burned down before even its full completion testify to the sustainability of the taste of the manufacturers.

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